Presentation on theme: "Presented to: MPAR Working Group By: William Benner, Weather Processors Team Manager (AJP-1820), FAA Technical Center Date: 19 March 2007 Federal Aviation."— Presentation transcript:
Presented to: MPAR Working Group By: William Benner, Weather Processors Team Manager (AJP-1820), FAA Technical Center Date: 19 March 2007 Federal Aviation Administration FAA Radar Requirements Response to ACTION ITEM 2006-1.4
Multi Function Phased Array Radar 2 Federal Aviation Administration February 2007 FAA Radar Requirements Action Item –Directed PAR-WG members to update current agency radar requirements (Chapter 2 of FCM-R25-2006) Assertion –Goal is to identify capability gaps from identified mission or operational requirements –Gaps should be identified for future requirements (i.e., 2015 and 2025) and not current requirements –Need to identify solution to fill gap Issue –FAA requirements for future radar (e.g., 2025) have not yet been developed –Taking a bottom-up approach could result in an over specified, costly solution
Multi Function Phased Array Radar 3 Federal Aviation Administration February 2007 NextGen Operational Requirements Sources (Wx and Surveillance) NextGen Concept of Operations (CONOPS) –Current Version: Draft 5, Version 1.2, February 28, 2007 NextGen Weather Concept of Operations (CONOPS) –Current Version: Ver. 1.0, May 13, 2006 NextGen Surveillance CONOPS does not currently exist –Need to identify source for surveillance requirements
Multi Function Phased Array Radar 4 Federal Aviation Administration February 2007 NextGen Operational Concept Weather Primary role of weather information: –“Identification of optimal trajectories that meet the safety, comfort, schedule, efficiency and environmental impact requirements of the user and the system.” (NGATS CONOPS, Ver. 1.2) –“Identification of when and where aircraft can and cannot fly.” (NGATS Wx CONOPS, Ver. 1.0) –Weather information must be designed to integrate with and support decision-oriented automation capabilities and human decision making processes
Multi Function Phased Array Radar 5 Federal Aviation Administration February 2007 NextGen Related Goals and Objectives “Weather Assimilated into Decision Making” is one of eight key capabilities needed to achieve NextGen goals which focus on safety, security, and capacity of air transportation operations. Minimize the impact of weather and other disruptions is one of the objectives to meeting the NextGen goal for “Expanding Capacity”
Multi Function Phased Array Radar 6 Federal Aviation Administration February 2007 Enterprise Weather Services Enterprise Weather Service 1: Multiple Weather Observations and Forecasts are fused into a 4D Common Weather Picture distributed through NNEW
Multi Function Phased Array Radar 7 Federal Aviation Administration February 2007 NextGen Capabilities for Weather Common Themes for Weather Requirements –4D Weather Observation and Forecast (horizontal, vertical, altitude, time and probability components) –Probabilistic forecast – location, timing, intensity and probability of all possible outcomes –Virtual common weather picture –Update frequency driven by need to react to unanticipated, rapidly changing circumstances –Pre-flight and in-flight decisions are aided by weather services that assist the user in making tailored inquiries into the common weather picture. –NNEW provides traffic flow decision oriented tools with trajectory-based weather information (observations, forecasts, model data) that is aligned with flight planning and ATM. –NNEW allows decision oriented tools to identify weather- impacted airspace as reduced-capacity and as no-fly airspace.
Multi Function Phased Array Radar 8 Federal Aviation Administration February 2007 NextGen Operational Concept Surveillance Primary role of surveillance information: –Surveillance Information Services derived from integrated cooperative and non-cooperative surveillance systems permit creation of real-time situational awareness (the capability to detect, identify, and monitor air vehicles) on the surface of an airport and airborne. –Surveillance Information Services envisioned within the NextGen will improve speed, efficiency, quality, and timeliness of decisions. –FAA’s need based on ADS-B back-up strategy decision
Multi Function Phased Array Radar 9 Federal Aviation Administration February 2007 NextGen Operational Concept Weather Surveillance Information Service Supports: –Reduced separation standards –Comprehensive tracking of aircraft/vehicles on airport surface and within the ANSP airspace. –Improved 4DT information –Adaptive flexible spacing and sequencing of aircraft on the ground and in the air To achieve the high level of requirements for surveillance, it is envisioned that both a primary and backup system for surveillance will be required in some airspaces.
Multi Function Phased Array Radar 10 Federal Aviation Administration February 2007 Core Surveillance Services Cooperative –Aircraft equipped avionics (i.e., ADS-B) Non-Cooperative Surveillance Services –Allows airborne object to be detected by ground-based, airborne, or space-based surveillance systems. –Non-cooperative surveillance can be used when airborne or ground cooperative surveillance systems malfunction Surveillance Services must be able to detect, monitor, track and identify all airborne objects – anything that could present a safety risk to the community of airspace users or could be a risk to national security.
Multi Function Phased Array Radar 11 Federal Aviation Administration February 2007 Capabilities of Future NextGen Surveillance Sensors Common Themes for Surveillance Requirements –Provide unique reference identify for each flight object –Provide 4D position, velocity, and directional information and identification of all airborne objects of relevance –A shared consistent surveillance view is essential to support multiple agency missions –ANSPs use surveillance information to provide separation assurance, navigational services, traffic management and support emergency operations –Defense and Security service providers use surveillance information to monitor, detect, and track suspect aircraft believed to be engaged in illegal or potentially hazardous activities and to identify, assess and engage, if necessary, threats to our homeland.
Multi Function Phased Array Radar 12 Federal Aviation Administration February 2007 Recommendations Generate Concept of Operations for Radar –Aligned with NextGen CONOPS documents (Weather, Surveillance) –Requires all agency input Generate Operational Requirements related to Radar Execute Mission Gap Analysis