Presentation on theme: "H UMAN R IGHTS. U NIVERSAL D ECLARATION OF H UMAN R IGHTS October 24, 1945, after of World War II the United Nations came into existence United Nations."— Presentation transcript:
U NIVERSAL D ECLARATION OF H UMAN R IGHTS October 24, 1945, after of World War II the United Nations came into existence United Nations Charter established the following principal bodies: General Assembly Security Council International Court of Justice, human rights Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). Universal Declaration of Human Rights was created by Roosevelt in ECOSOC. United Nations representatives from all regions of the world formally adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on December 10, 1948
UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS O FFICIAL D OCUMENT Article 1:Article 1: All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. Article 2: Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Article 3: Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person. Article 4 : No one shall be held in slavery or servitude. Article 5: No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Article 6: Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law. Article 7 : All are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law.
UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS O FFICIAL D OCUMENT Article 8: Everyone has the right to an effective remedy Article 9: No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile. Article 10: Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him. Article 11: Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial. Article 12: No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation. Article 13: Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country. Article 14: Article 14: Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution. Article 15: Everyone has the right to a nationality. Article 16: Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family.
UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS O FFICIAL D OCUMENT Article 17: Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others. Article 18: Article 18: Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. Article 19: Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression. Article 20: Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association. Article 21: Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives. Article 22: Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security. Article 23:Article 23: Everyone has the right to work, and the right to equal pay for equal work. Article 24: Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.
UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS O FFICIAL D OCUMENT Article 25: Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services. Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. Article 26: Article 26: Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Article 27: Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community Article 28: Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized. Article 29: Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible.
A RTICLE 30: A RTICLE 30: NO ONE CAN TAKE AWAY YOUR HUMAN RIGHTS N OTHING IN THIS D ECLARATION MAY BE INTERPRETED AS IMPLYING FOR ANY S TATE, GROUP OR PERSON ANY RIGHT TO ENGAGE IN ANY ACTIVITY OR TO PERFORM ANY ACT AIMED AT THE DESTRUCTION OF ANY OF THE RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS SET FORTH HEREIN.
H UMAN R IGHTS V IOLATION V IOLATIONS EXIST IN EVERY PART OF THE WORLD. An estimated 6,500 people were killed in 2007 in armed conflict in Afghanistan—nearly half being noncombatant civilian deaths. Vietnamese authorities forced at least 75,000 drug addicts and prostitutes into 71 overpopulated “rehab” camps, labeling the detainees at “high risk” of contracting HIV/AIDS but providing no treatment. In 2008, US authorities continued to hold 270 prisoners in Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, without charge or trial, subjecting them to “water-boarding,” torture that simulates drowning. In 2007, the presidential guard of Congo, and Special Services police division arbitrarily detained and tortured numerous individuals labeled as critics of the government. Violaton Of Article 3: THE RIGHT TO LIVE FREE Violation of ARTICLE 5: NO TORTURE