7 Key Landforms: Atlas Mountains Sahara Desert Ahaggar Mountains Tibesti MountainsSahelGreat Rift ValleyEthiopian HighlandsHorn of AfricaCongo River BasinMount KilimanjaroSerengeti PlainKalahari DesertNamib DesertCape of Good Hope
8 Savanna also known as tropical grasslands Most common environment in Africarolling grassland scattered with shrubs and isolated treesfound in a wide band on either side of the equator between tropical rainforests and desertswarm temperature year round; a very long dry season (winter), and a very Short wet season (summer).
12 Sahara Desert almost 1/3 of the continent largest desert in the world (Antarctica Doesn’t count)3,500,000 sq. miles (size of us)areas of Mountains, rocky plains, rolling sand dunes and numerous sand seasRegional deserts: Libyan, Nubian & the Western desert of Egypt
13 KALAHARI DESERT 100,000 sq. miles covers much of Southern Africa (Botswana, southwest South Africa, western Namibia)Along the coastal known as the Namib Desert
14 The Sahel Comes from the Arabic for “shore” transition zone between northern arid Sahara and the Southern tropical areaProne to droughts and is experiencing desertification.
24 The Nile River World’s Longest river 4150 miles Drains East Africa Blue Nile: Ethiopian HighlandsWhite Nile: Lake Victoria
25 Top Ten Longest Rivers1. The Nile in Africa with a length of 4,145 miles2. The Amazon-Ucayali in South America with a length of 4,000 miles3. The Yangtze in Asia with a length of 3,900 miles4. The Mississippi-Missouri in North America with a length of 3,740 miles5. The Huang in Asia with a length of 3,395miles6. The Ob-Irtysh in Asia with an length of 3,362 miles7. Rio de la Plata-Parana in South America with a length of 3,030 miles8. The Congo in Africa with a length of 2,900 miles9. Parana in South America with a length of 2,800 miles10. Amur-Ergun in Asia with an length of 2,761 miles
28 Lake Victorialargest lake of Africa and world's second largest freshwater lake, 26,830 square mileson the Uganda-Tanzania-Kenya borderoccupies a shallow depression on the Equatorial Plateau between two arms of the Great Rift Valley
29 Victoria Falls 1 mi wide with a maximum drop of 420 feet in the Zambezi River on the Zambia-Zimbabwe border