Presentation on theme: "Types of Drawings University of Palestine Eng. Nagham Ali Hasan"— Presentation transcript:
1 Types of Drawings University of Palestine Eng. Nagham Ali Hasan College of AppliedEngineering & Urban PlanningDepartment of Architecture, Interior Design & PlanningBuilding construction “1” (EAGD2101)Types of DrawingsEng. Nagham Ali Hasan1st lecture- 2nd week1st semester-2009
2 Types of Drawings: Engineering drawings Architectural drawings Technical drawingsAs built drawingsShop drawings
3 bridges, highways, and dams. Types of Drawings:Engineering drawing:Definition :A schematic representation of a building, object, or component made according to defined conventions and projected to serve in the construction or fabrication of the thing depicted.Engineering drawings are frequently used to describe public works projects, such as :bridges, highways, and dams.
4 Types of Drawings: Architectural drawing Definition A sketch, diagram, plan, or schematic used to design, construct, and document buildings and other structures.The drawings may be used to indicate the overall appearance, inside or outside the structure, or they may be used to indicate precise measurements and other details for construction. Drawings, especially those for construction purposes, may be issued as a set, with different sheets indicating different types of construction (electrical, mechanical, plumbing).
5 Types of Drawings: As-built drawing Definition Architectural drawings that reflect changes made during the construction process, recording differences between the original design and the completed structure.As-built drawings are based on design drawings used during construction, where measured drawings are usually made long after construction is completed and no design drawings exist
6 Types of Drawings: Technical drawing: Definition A graphic using lines and symbols that follows specific conventions of scale and projection, typically used in architecture, construction, engineering, or mapping
7 Types of Drawings: A shop drawing: Definition It is a drawing or set of drawings produced by the contractor, supplier, manufacturer, subcontractor, or fabricator.Shop drawings are typically required for pre-fabricated components. Examples of these include: elevators, structural steel, trusses, pre-cast, windows, appliances, cabinets, air handling units and millwork.
8 Shop drawings are not produced by architects and engineers under their contract with the owner. The shop drawing is the manufacturer’s or the contractor’s drawn version of information shown in the construction documents. The shop drawing normally shows more detail than the construction documents. It is drawn to explain the fabrication of the items to the manufacturer’s production crew. The style of the shop drawing is usually very different from that of the architect’s drawing.
10 Architectural Drawings Architectural Drawings used for:Building elements seen in true size, shape, orientation . ”scale”Describe form & construction of building component.It is the base drawings for other construction works.” electrical, sewage, mechanical…”
11 Preparing the architectural drawings: Site planPlansElevationsSections
12 Preparing the architectural drawings: The site plan: is a view looking down at a building from above, illustrating its location & orientation on a plot land & providing information about the site’s topography, landscaping utilities ,and site work.The importance of site plan:It illustrates the existing natural & built features.
13 Preparing the architectural drawings: The floor plan: is a view looking down/ a horizontal plane is cut through a building from above about 1.5m, illustrating it’s the horizontal dimensions of a building spaces, the thickness & construction of vertical walls & columns that define these spaces.The importance of plans:Define the spaces & its functional relationship.Illustrates places of openings (doors- windows).Finishing.Entrance (main- secondary)
14 Preparing the architectural drawings: Utilities (stairs- elevators- mechanical room- baths- stores….)Structural system:R.C, steel, bearing walls…Columns, beams,…Thickness of walls (exterior & interior)Measurement and cost (quantity survey)
15 Preparing the architectural drawings: The building section: is a vertical pane cut through a building.Or: it is a drawing of interior & exterior partitions and roofs and ground floor in addition of interior elevations seen beyond the plane of cut.The importance of The building section:Illustrate building construction.Technical implementation (precast- prestress…).Types of slab (roof plate) solid slab, hollow block, flat slab…).Building material (block, stone, concrete,…).Height of the building and levels.Details and finishing.Measurements.
16 Preparing the architectural drawings: Building elevations: is views of a building’s exterior perpendicular to the principle vertical surfaces.The importance of The building section:FinishingOpeningsSize, shape , materials of exterior surfacesSize proportionHeights of the buildingMeasurements
17 The Elements Responsible for implementing the Architectural Projects
18 The Elements Responsible for implementing the Architectural Projects The owner(consultant)contractorSupervisor staff
19 The owner Who is the owner: The owner decide the: OrdinaryConsiderableThe owner decide the:The type- style- budgetThe owner responsibility:Funding collaboration with other partiesFeasibility studies
20 The consulting engineering firm (consultant) Scope of his work:Feasibility studiesProject designWork documentsTendering issuesSketchesPrimary design preparationPreparing plans for implementationDocument of general & specification conditionsSurvey of quantitiesSchedule (time table)Supervise the projectsubmissionAs built drawings
21 Types of plans for implementation according to specialization Architectural plansStructural plansComplementary plansplanscolumn axissanitationelevationsfoundationsmechanicssectionsroofselectricitydetailsstructural detailsSpecial works
22 The Contractor The role of the contractor: Study the bid Suggest the prices for implementing the projectPrepare “Survey quantities”Cooperate with the consultantSave the technical staff & labor.Prepare “Time table approval”.Save “Safety measurement”.
23 Supervisor staff Continues Supervision Office engineer Coordinate with other parties
24 Steps of architectural projects preparation Site preparationLand marking & determining levels of digging3. Batter board4. Building material delivery5. Concrete skeleton implementation6.Building & finishing works7. Landscaping8. Site submission
25 and we See you in the studio Have a rest for 15 min.and we See you in the studioThank you