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Types of Drawings University of Palestine Eng. Nagham Ali Hasan

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1 Types of Drawings University of Palestine Eng. Nagham Ali Hasan
College of Applied Engineering & Urban Planning Department of Architecture, Interior Design & Planning Building construction “1” (EAGD2101) Types of Drawings Eng. Nagham Ali Hasan 1st lecture- 2nd week 1st semester-2009

2 Types of Drawings: Engineering drawings Architectural drawings
Technical drawings As built drawings Shop drawings

3 bridges, highways, and dams.
Types of Drawings: Engineering drawing: Definition   :A schematic representation of a building, object, or component made according to defined conventions and projected to serve in the construction or fabrication of the thing depicted. Engineering drawings are frequently used to describe public works projects, such as : bridges, highways, and dams.

4 Types of Drawings: Architectural drawing
Definition   A sketch, diagram, plan, or schematic used to design, construct, and document buildings and other structures. The drawings may be used to indicate the overall appearance, inside or outside the structure, or they may be used to indicate precise measurements and other details for construction. Drawings, especially those for construction purposes, may be issued as a set, with different sheets indicating different types of construction (electrical, mechanical, plumbing).

5 Types of Drawings: As-built drawing
Definition   Architectural drawings that reflect changes made during the construction process, recording differences between the original design and the completed structure. As-built drawings are based on design drawings used during construction, where measured drawings are usually made long after construction is completed and no design drawings exist

6 Types of Drawings: Technical drawing:
Definition   A graphic using lines and symbols that follows specific conventions of scale and projection, typically used in architecture, construction, engineering, or mapping

7 Types of Drawings: A shop drawing:
Definition   It is a drawing or set of drawings produced by the contractor, supplier, manufacturer, subcontractor, or fabricator. Shop drawings are typically required for pre-fabricated components. Examples of these include: elevators, structural steel, trusses, pre-cast, windows, appliances, cabinets, air handling units and millwork.

8 Shop drawings are not produced by architects and engineers under their contract with the owner. The shop drawing is the manufacturer’s or the contractor’s drawn version of information shown in the construction documents. The shop drawing normally shows more detail than the construction documents. It is drawn to explain the fabrication of the items to the manufacturer’s production crew. The style of the shop drawing is usually very different from that of the architect’s drawing.

9 Architectural Drawings

10 Architectural Drawings
Architectural Drawings used for: Building elements seen in true size, shape, orientation . ”scale” Describe form & construction of building component. It is the base drawings for other construction works.” electrical, sewage, mechanical…”

11 Preparing the architectural drawings:
Site plan Plans Elevations Sections

12 Preparing the architectural drawings:
The site plan: is a view looking down at a building from above, illustrating its location & orientation on a plot land & providing information about the site’s topography, landscaping utilities ,and site work. The importance of site plan: It illustrates the existing natural & built features.

13 Preparing the architectural drawings:
The floor plan: is a view looking down/ a horizontal plane is cut through a building from above about 1.5m, illustrating it’s the horizontal dimensions of a building spaces, the thickness & construction of vertical walls & columns that define these spaces. The importance of plans: Define the spaces & its functional relationship. Illustrates places of openings (doors- windows). Finishing. Entrance (main- secondary)

14 Preparing the architectural drawings:
Utilities (stairs- elevators- mechanical room- baths- stores….) Structural system: R.C, steel, bearing walls… Columns, beams,… Thickness of walls (exterior & interior) Measurement and cost (quantity survey)

15 Preparing the architectural drawings:
The building section: is a vertical pane cut through a building. Or: it is a drawing of interior & exterior partitions and roofs and ground floor in addition of interior elevations seen beyond the plane of cut. The importance of The building section: Illustrate building construction. Technical implementation (precast- prestress…). Types of slab (roof plate) solid slab, hollow block, flat slab…). Building material (block, stone, concrete,…). Height of the building and levels. Details and finishing. Measurements.

16 Preparing the architectural drawings:
Building elevations: is views of a building’s exterior perpendicular to the principle vertical surfaces. The importance of The building section: Finishing Openings Size, shape , materials of exterior surfaces Size proportion Heights of the building Measurements

17 The Elements Responsible for implementing the Architectural Projects

18 The Elements Responsible for implementing the Architectural Projects
The owner (consultant) contractor Supervisor staff

19 The owner Who is the owner: The owner decide the:
Ordinary Considerable The owner decide the: The type- style- budget The owner responsibility: Funding collaboration with other parties Feasibility studies

20 The consulting engineering firm (consultant)
Scope of his work: Feasibility studies Project design Work documents Tendering issues Sketches Primary design preparation Preparing plans for implementation Document of general & specification conditions Survey of quantities Schedule (time table) Supervise the project submission As built drawings

21 Types of plans for implementation according to specialization
Architectural plans Structural plans Complementary plans plans column axis sanitation elevations foundations mechanics sections roofs electricity details structural details Special works

22 The Contractor The role of the contractor: Study the bid
Suggest the prices for implementing the project Prepare “Survey quantities” Cooperate with the consultant Save the technical staff & labor. Prepare “Time table approval”. Save “Safety measurement”.

23 Supervisor staff Continues Supervision Office engineer
Coordinate with other parties

24 Steps of architectural projects preparation
Site preparation Land marking & determining levels of digging 3. Batter board 4. Building material delivery 5. Concrete skeleton implementation 6.Building & finishing works 7. Landscaping 8. Site submission

25 and we See you in the studio
Have a rest for 15 min. and we See you in the studio Thank you

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