12 28th December 1895 – Grand Café in Paris August Lumière and Louis LumièreInvented the Cinematographe
13 First film screening The first official screening of a film. Formal birth of the cinema. The showing was organized by Lumière brothers.They recorded and screened films using the machine of their own production called “cinématographe.”
17 Cinetoscope1889 – Edison’s “Cinetoscope” (you had to look inside the box to see a short film) – nickelodeon.
18 Georges Méliès1899—French magician Georges Melies becomes the first artist to tell a story with film. (first fiction films)He introduces trick cinema, special effects.He discovers the possibility to represent the reality that does not exist (science-fiction, horror etc.)
19 Georges Méliès - Un homme de têtes (early film, 1898)
20 A Trip to the Moon1902—Melies releases short film titled A Trip to the Moon: the first science fiction-film.
21 Edwin S. Porter Started as a projectionist Went to work for Edison as a camera operator1903—Edwin S. Porter releases The Great Train Robbery, the first movie to use modern production techniques, such as filming out of sequence.Strong narrative12 different scenes in different locationsintroduction of editing, filming from different distances.
22 David Wark GriffithOne of the greatest innovators of the early American cinema. Birth of the Nation (1915), Intolerance (1916)simultaneous editing (crosscutting)longer filmscamera movement