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How the new healthcare law impacts your bottom line Rhea Aguinaldo August 21, 2013 CAMEO webinar The Affordable Care Act and California Small Businesses.

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Presentation on theme: "How the new healthcare law impacts your bottom line Rhea Aguinaldo August 21, 2013 CAMEO webinar The Affordable Care Act and California Small Businesses."— Presentation transcript:

1 How the new healthcare law impacts your bottom line Rhea Aguinaldo August 21, 2013 CAMEO webinar The Affordable Care Act and California Small Businesses

2 About Small Business Majority Small business advocacy organization – founded and run by small business owners National–based in CA–with additional offices in Washington, DC, NY, OH, CO and MO Research and advocacy on issues of top importance to small businesses (<100 employees) and the self-employed Very focused on reducing healthcare costs over the past 6 years

3 Small Businesses: Struggling with healthcare costs Our 2008 study: Small business health costs would more than double by 2018 without any reforms. 5X rate of inflation – $2.4 trillion ($243 billion in CA) Small firms pay 18% more than large businesses 29.5% self-employed: uninsured (CA: 826,000) 25% of small employers: uninsured (CA:175,000)

4 Our opinion survey: 86% of CA small businesses don’t offer because of cost; 70% of those who do offer say they are struggling to do so Small Businesses: Struggling with healthcare costs

5 Topics for discussion Affordable Care Act Consumer Protections Cost Containment Provisions Small Business Tax Credits Employer Responsibilities Individual Responsibility (incl. self-employed) Health Benefits Exchange Covered California Questions and Comments

6 The Affordable Care Act Builds on existing healthcare system Aims to rein in healthcare costs Upheld by U.S. Supreme Court Implementation primarily the responsibility of the states (small business input essential) Some important benefits went into effect immediately Others implemented from 2010-2014

7 Affordable Care Act Improvements No pre-existing conditions – Guaranteed Issue Dependents can stay on parents plan until age 26 No gender based premiums No lifetime caps on dollar value of services All plans include 10 essential health benefits 1. Ambulatory patient services6.Prescription drugs 2. Emergency services7.Rehabilitative and habilitative services and devices 3. Hospitalization8.Laboratory services 4. Maternity and newborn care9.Preventive and wellness services and chronic disease management 5.Mental health and substance abuse disorder services, including behavioral health treatment 10.Pediatric services

8 Cost Containment – Cutting costs saves small businesses money Exchanges leverage pooled purchasing power to lower premiums Ensure that more $$ go to medical care o 80/20 Rule: Requires insurers to spend at least 80% of small business premiums on medical claims. Limits administrative costs to 20%. (Estimated $1.1B in rebates issued in 2012 nationally; 28% small business plans) Premium increases are now reviewed by state Incentives for prevention and wellness o Grants for up to 5 years to small employers that establish new wellness programs Other incentives for administrative efficiency and modernization (e.g. pay for performance) Aims to reduce “hidden tax” of $1,000 per year

9 Small business tax credits In effect now (as of tax year 2010) o $40 billion in credits by 2019 Which businesses & non-profits are eligible?  Fewer than 25 full-time employees  Average annual wages <$50,000  Employer pays at least 50% of the premium cost

10 Small business tax credits Tax credits on a sliding scale: o Up to 35% 2010–13 o Up to 50% any two years beginning in 2014 Premium expenses: comprehensive medical coverage, incl. dental, vision, long-term care Tax credits do not cover premium expenses of owners or their families Can amend your taxes for past years

11 Small business tax credits Our report: 375,310 CA businesses are eligible (70% of all small businesses); 158,000 CA businesses eligible for the maximum credit

12 Businesses with fewer than 50 full-time workers – 96% of all businesses – are exempt from any requirement to offer insurance Employer shared responsibility For larger employers - 2015 Employer shared responsibility For larger employers - 2015

13 Employer Responsibility: For Larger Employers (>50 FTEs) Am I above or below 50 full-time employee threshold? –At least 50 full-time employees or combination of full-time/part- time employees equivalent to 50 full-time employees –Full-time employees: at least 30 hours per week –Part-time employees: add up total hours worked, divide by 30 –Seasonal employees (≤120 days per year) cannot put you over 50 FTE threshold Size of firm determined annually Fee (if any) determined monthly

14 Beginning January 1, 2015 Failure to offer coverage: $2,000 per year for each full-time employee, excluding the first 30 full-time employees o Firms only pay penalty if at least one worker qualifies for federal financial assistance in Exchange. Failure to offer “affordable” coverage: $3,000 per year for each full- time employee receiving federal financial assistance in exchange o What is “affordable”? o Employee’s required contribution exceeds 9.5% of employee income (not household); o Plan covers less than 60% (average) of healthcare expenses Employer Responsibility: For Larger Employers (>50 FTEs)

15 Two notices available: one for employers who do offer coverage, one for employers who do not. (<$500,000) Employers required by the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) to notify employees of coverage options available through the Insurance Marketplace. Notifications to existing employees must be out by Oct 1, 2013 and all new employees beginning Oct 1 should receive this notice. Employer Responsibility: Employee Notification

16 Summary of health plan – Insurers provide employers a summary of benefits; employers must share info with workers (Sept. 2012) W2 reporting: informational only o Allows workers to see how much employer is spending on health benefits o Firms with fewer than 250 workers exempt until further notice Employer Responsibility: W2 reporting

17 Beginning in 2014, most individuals required to; obtain insurance or pay penalty –Exemptions for certain religions and very low-income individuals (≤ $9,500 per year) Acceptable coverage: Employer, Individual, Medicare, Medi-Cal, Covered CA, TRICARE, etc. Penalty (whichever is greater): 2014:$95 or 1% of MAGI 2015:$325 or 2% 2016:$695 or 2.5% About 1-2% of population expected to pay fee Individual Responsibility Requirement (incl. self-employed) Individual Responsibility Requirement (incl. self-employed)

18 Tax Credits/Premium Assistance available to individuals (not offered min. coverage at work) with income between 138% to 400% of federal poverty level (family of 4 = $23,000 to $92,000) – Ex: Family of 4; annual income $60,000; adults 40 yrs old o Estimated premium: $880 per month o Tax credit: $471 per month o Family pays: $409 per month Not eligible for tax credits in Exchange if employer offers affordable insurance Open to citizens and legal immigrants Individual Responsibility Requirement (incl. self-employed) Individual Responsibility Requirement (incl. self-employed)

19 What is a Health Benefit Exchange? Two Exchanges: individuals; small businesses (2-50) Plans begin January 1st, 2014 Open enrollment: October 1st, 2013 Voluntary Members of Congress and staff required to use Exchange Exchanges designed by states–or by federal gov’t if a state so chooses State-based exchanges mean increased flexibility and more input from small businesses and other stakeholders Not a new concept - Business groups, non-profits and state gov’ts already run similar programs in CA, CT, MA, NY, UT

20 What is a Health Benefit Exchange? One-stop shop web portal Small business Health Options Program INSURANCE PLANS EXCHANGE Choice Comparison Billing Tax Credits SMALL BUSINESSES Marketplace to buy name brand commercial insurance policies Compare plans for information about price, quality and service Plans organized by metal tiers: bronze, silver, gold, platinum Calculator to compare costs across plan options Streamlined billing process

21 Covered California— California’s Health Benefit Exchange Covered California First in the nation. Enacted in 2010 – Bipartisan effort Governed by independent public board Hold dozens of public board meetings Executive Director is a former business leader; hiring more staff now Received federal $$ for planning; Exchange self- funding by 2015; no state dollars spent Stakeholder advisory panels providing input from small business owners and business organizations

22 Covered California— Key SHOP Decisions Small Business Health Options Program (SHOP) for businesses with 2-50 employees Active purchaser power means rates are negotiated on your behalf. Carriers in individual Exchange generally must also submit bid for SHOP Employee Choice: Employer selects “tier” of coverage; worker selects insurer; employer receives one bill Certified agents can sell Exchange products; will be paid market commission rates. HR Services: COBRA administration, HSAs, wellness plans, etc. Public-private partnership: Administrative management of SHOP by private-sector vendor

23 Covered California—2014 Individual Providers (incl. self-employed)

24 Covered California— 2014 SHOP Providers

25 Covered California— 2014 Sample SHOP Rates

26 Covered California— Sample Benefits Chart

27 Resource: Cost Estimate Calculator

28 Resource: SBM Health Coverage Guide Objective resource to navigate the new healthcare system Step-by-step guide if employers decide to offer coverage, alternative healthcare options if you don’t Tools like the Small Business Tax Credit calculator and action plan checklist

29 For more information SBM Website: –Detailed FAQ & Summary –Tax Credit Calculator Covered California: CA Health Benefits Exchange: Healthcare Coverage Guide: Health Law Guide for Business: Rhea Aguinaldo Northern CA Outreach Manager Direct: (415) 654-4846 Contact Information Connect with us! @SmlBizMajority Small Business Majority Ways to Get Involved with SBM: Receive a monthly newsletter Share your story for media requests Letters to the editor/Op-eds State events/Roundtables Webinars for business organizations

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