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Types of Human Trafficking Include:

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Presentation on theme: "Types of Human Trafficking Include:"— Presentation transcript:

1 Types of Human Trafficking Include:
Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation Labor Trafficking Child Trafficking Domestic Trafficking Political Conflict & Trafficking Organ Trafficking Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC)

2 Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation
This kind of trafficking includes forcing people into exploiting themselves sexually. This includes prostitution, pornography, and other forms of sexual exploitation.

3 Labor Trafficking This includes trafficking people for labor purposes, never allowing them to leave. Most often, those trafficked for labor fear escaping because they are not a citizen of the country they have been trafficked to. Many are made to also work for low wages, and are constantly in debt to their “owner.” In some extreme cases, these people are forced to live in confined spaces against their will, fed little, and are not treated with common human respect.

4 Political Conflict and Trafficking
Trafficking of this nature includes people displacement, where whole groups of people are moved for voting purposes, land purposes, and other purposes. These displaced people may also be forced to fight against their own people in arms conflicts. Generally this type of trafficking deals with bringing illegal firearms and drugs into other countries through the use of “drug mules,” or people who harbor these dangerous articles. Generally these people are in debt or are under threat.

5 • Bonded labor, or debt bondage, is probably the least known form of labor trafficking today, and yet it is the most widely used method of enslaving people. Victims become bonded laborers when their labor is demanded as a means of repayment for a loan or service in which its terms and conditions have not been defined or in which the value of the victims’ services as reasonably assessed is not applied toward the liquidation of the debt. The value of their work is greater than the original sum of money “borrowed.”

6 Labor Continued • Forced labor is a situation in which victims are forced to work against their own will, under the threat of violence or some other form of punishment, their freedom is restricted and a degree of ownership is exerted. Forms of forced labor can include domestic servitude; agricultural labor; sweatshop factory labor; janitorial, food service and other service industry labor; and begging.

7 Slavery in Haiti

8 Child Trafficking This can include children being sold into adoption agencies without the consent of parents. It can also include children who are sold into sex slavery, and other forms of slavery. Children are sometimes sold for political persons to other countries. Children can sometimes be forced to serve in military combat against their own people.

9 Labor continued Child labor is a form of work that is likely to be hazardous to the health and/or physical, mental, spiritual, moral or social development of children and can interfere with their education. The International Labor Organization estimates worldwide that there are 246 million exploited children aged between 5 and 17 involved in debt bondage, forced recruitment for armed conflict, prostitution, pornography, the illegal drug trade, the illegal arms trade and other illicit activities around the world.

10 The countries in red indicate child labor

11 According to United States State Department data, an estimated 600,000 to 820,000 men, women, and children are trafficked across international borders each year. Approximately how many are women and girls? 70% How many are minors? 50%

12 Organ Trafficking Organ theft is the practice of stealing people's organs via surgery while they are under the influence of drugs, or once the person is dead, when the organs can be illicitly removed and then used for further purposes, such as transplants or sold on the black market. It is estimated that 27 million people in the world have their organs trafficked every year (approximately the population of Canada). The annual revenue is $32 billion dollars. If I only had a brain…

13 Organ Trafficking According to theWorld Health Organization (WHO), the search for organs has intensified around the world because of an increase in kidney diseases and not enough available kidneys. Only 10 percent of the estimated need was met in As a result, the illegal kidney trade has increased tremendously over the past couple of years with the extent of illegal kidney transplants unknown even to the WHO.

14 Organ Trafficking Ctd. Outside of Israel, Egypt, Brazil, South Africa, Indonesia, India and Iraq are some of the biggest players in the game. Organ trafficking is illegal in all these countries. The seller generally earns between $2,000 to $6,000 for a kidney, though post operation care is almost never taken into account. Unaware of all the risks involved, the donors often find themselves even worse off than before the operation, and with little or no money left to help them live. Poverty and corruption are underlying themes behind sellers giving up their organs as most donors see it as the only option to make money.

15 Why Do We Care About Trafficking?
Because the U.S. is not immune. The FBI believes that more than 100,000 people are enslaved in the U.S., with an additional 30,000 shipped across state borders and transported to other countries annually. Profits in human trafficking are estimated at $9.5 billion per year and rising.

16 How Does it Happen? Poverty and lack of economic opportunity make women and children potential victims of traffickers associated with international criminal organizations. They are vulnerable to false promises of job opportunities in other countries. Many of those who accept these offers from what appear to be legitimate sources find themselves in situations where their documents are destroyed, their selves or their families threatened with harm, or they are bonded by a debt that they have no chance of repaying.

17 By not caring where your clothing comes from, or if the products you buy are from legitimate sources that pay their workers, you are just as guilty of human trafficking as the next person. Being ignorant of what it is you are purchasing does not excuse you from participating in human trafficking.

18 Journal Topic 1. List what attributes you would like your future spouse to have 2. What does the Catholic Church say about sex? 3. What is the point of Marriage according to the Catholic Church?


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