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Important Art Movements

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Presentation on theme: "Important Art Movements"— Presentation transcript:

1 Important Art Movements
Miss McDaniel 6th Grade Art Introduction to Art

2 Art Throughout the Ages
Art is typically broken down into what is known as art movements. Art movements are a tendency or style in art with a specific common philosophy or goal, followed by a group of artists during a restricted period of time. There are many different art movements throughout history, but the most well-known artists (Leonardo Da Vinci, Pablo Picasso, Jackson Pollock) are typically grouped into only a few of the most important art movements.

3 Important Art Movements
The Renaissance Baroque Impressionism Fauvism Expressionism Abstract Expressionism Cubism Dada Surrealism Pop Art

4 The Renaissance The humanistic revival of classical art, architecture, literature, and learning that originated in Italy in the 14th century and later spread throughout Europe. Occurred in 14th to 15th century It was a revival or rebirth of cultural awareness Artwork reverted back to Greek & Roman Art There was an emphasis on science, humans and their environment, and philosophy Art was realistic and religious in subject matter but contained much symbolism

5 The Renaissance Famous Renaissance Artists: Leonardo Da Vinci
Michaelangelo Raphael

6 Baroque Art used exaggerated motion and clear, easily interpreted detail to produce drama, tension, exuberance, and grandeur. Occurred in 17th century Italy & Europe Similar to the Renaissance in subject matter but painters put emotion, movement, and contrast into works More common, every-day scenes; not as much religious imagery Beginnings of chiaroscuro

7 Baroque Famous Baroque Artists: Caravaggio

8 Impressionism An attempt to accurately and objectively record visual reality in terms of transient effects of light and color Occurred in France from 1860’s – 1880’s A light, spontaneous manner of painting with short, quick brushstrokes Painted candid glimpses of subjects showing effect of light at different times of day The Impressionist style was probably the single most successful and identifiable “movement” ever and is still wisely practiced today.

9 Impressionism Famous Impressionist Artists: Claude Monet Jean Renoir
Mary Cassatt Edgar Degas

10 Fauvism An early-20th-century movement in painting begun by a group of French artists and marked by the use of bold, often distorted forms and vivid colors. Occurred in France from Means “Wild Beast” Use of intense colors – in uncontrolled way – it is not usually realistic color Subject matter mostly realistic – it is somewhat stylized and simplified, but completely abstracted Was a substantial influence on some of the Expressionists

11 Fauvism Famous Fauvist Artists: Henri Matisse Paul Gauguin

12 Expressionism Occurred in Germany from 1905-1940’s EMOTIONAL!
A style of art in which the intention is not to reproduce a subject accurately, but instead to portray it in such a way as to express the inner state of the artist Occurred in Germany from ’s EMOTIONAL! Many different “schools” or groups of artists for this movement (Der Blaue Reiter, Bauhaus)

13 Expressionism Famous Expressionist Artists: Edvard Munch
Kathe Kollwitz

14 Abstract Expressionism
A school of painting that flourished after World War II until the early 1960s, characterized by the view that art is nonrepresentational and chiefly improvisational. Occurred in New York City from Artist expresses himself purely through the use of form and color. Fast, spontaneous brushstrokes It was non-representational or non-objective art which means that there are no actual objects represented Considered to be the first American artistic movement of international importance

15 Abstract Expressionism
There were two different groups: Action Painting Stressed the physical action involved in painting Color Field Painting Primarily concerned with exploring the effects of pure color on a canvas

16 Abstract Expressionism
Famous Abstract Expressionist Artists: Action Painters * Jackson Pollock Color Field Painters * Willem de Kooning * Kandinsky * Rothko

17 Cubism Occurred in Europe from 1908-1920
A non-objective school of painting and sculpture developed in Paris in the early 20th century, characterized by the reduction and fragmentation of natural forms into abstract, often geometric structures usually rendered as a set of discrete planes. Occurred in Europe from Was inspired by African art & Fauvism Subject matter was broken up, analyzed, and reassembled in abstract form (broken down into basic shapes) “Essence” of an object can only be captured by showing it from many perspectives/views at once The most influential art movement of recent years…influenced almost all art of 20th century

18 Cubism Famous Cubist Artists: Pablo Picasso Georges Braque

19 Dada A European artistic and literary movement ( ) that flouted conventional aesthetic and cultural values by producing works marked by nonsense, travesty, and incongruity. Occurred in Europe from Was a protest by a group of European artists against World War I, bourgeois society, and the conservatism of traditional thought It ridiculed contemporary culture and traditional art forms It included random “found” objects in sculptures and installations The artists were mostly trying to make personal statements about issues in society or about what “art” is

20 Dada Famous Dadaist Artists: Jean Arp Marcel Duchamp

21 Surrealism Occurred in Europe from 1924-1950’s
A 20th-century literary and artistic movement that attempts to express the workings of the subconscious and is characterized by fantastic imagery and incongruous juxtaposition of subject matter. Occurred in Europe from ’s The movement originated in Dada Fantastical visual imagery from the subconcious mind is used with no intention of making the work logically comprehensible Mostly realistically drawn/painted, the objects are just combined in weird ways or are dream-like Influenced by psychoanalytic work of Freud and Jung

22 Surrealism Famous Surrealist Artists: Salvador Dali Rene Magritte
Max Ernst

23 Pop Art A form of art that depicts objects or scenes from everyday life and employs techniques of commercial art and popular illustration. Occurred in New York City in the 1960’s It focused attention on familiar images/objects of pop culture The interest was in mass media, advertising, comics, and consumer products Emphasizes flatness and frontal presentation, bright and bold colors They use mechanical and other deliberately inexpressive techniques that imply the removal of the artist’s hand and suggest the depersonalized processes of mass production It is almost a joke about what we, as a society, hold important. So these artists are saying that we’ve made the objects/people so important that they are depicted as art.

24 Pop Art Famous Pop Art Artists: Andy Warhol Roy Lichtenstein

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