2 Regions of Latin America MexicoCentral AmericaCaribbeanSouth AmericaBrazil
3 Mountains and Highlands The Andes Mountains-The Andes are a part of the mountain range that runs through a portion of North, Central and South America.United States- The Rocky MountainsCentral America- The Sierra MadresSouth America- the AndesThere are many volcanic peaks throughout the Andes.
9 The Amazon River and Other Major River Systems South America has three major River Systems:Amazon River:BrazilOrinoco River:Venezuela and ColombiaParaná River:Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina
10 The Mighty AmazonAmazon : Flows 4,000 from west to east and empties into the Atlantic Ocean. Source is the Andes Mountains close to the Pacific Ocean.
11 The Orinoco RiverThe Orinoco River flows mainly through Venezuela and Colombia. It creates part of the border between the two countries.
12 The Paraná RiverThe Paraná river begins in the Brazilian Highlands and flows southward through Paraguay and Argentina. It meets with several other rivers to create the Rio de la Plata a very important estuary in South America.
13 Islands of the Caribbean Three Main Island Groups make up the West Indies:The BahamasThe Greater AntillesThe Lesser Antilles
14 The BahamasThe Bahamas are made up of hundreds of islands off of the southern tip of Florida. Nassau is the capital and largest city in the Bahamas.
15 The Greater AntillesThe Greater Antilles is made up of the largest islands in the Caribbean including Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola (Haiti and Dominican Republic), and Puerto Rico.
16 The Lesser AntillesThe Lesser Antilles includes the smaller islands in the region southeast of Puerto Rico. They are divided into two groups- the Leeward island and the Windward islands.
18 Climate and Vegetation Tropical WetRain forest(Brazil)Tropical Wet and DryLlanos and Pampas(Venezuela and Argentina)SemiaridPatagonia- ArgentinaDesertAtacama Desert-Chile
19 Mid-Latitude Climates Humid SubtropicalParaguay, Uruguay, southern Brazil,Bolivia, and ArgentinaMediterraneanWest coast of ChileMarine West CoastSouthern Chile, eastern ArgentinaHighlands
20 Vertical Climate Zones About 15,000 ft Terra Helada (Mountain Tundra)Tree Line10,000-12,000 ft Tierra Fria (Cloud Forest)6,000 -6,500 ft Tierra Templada (Wet forest)2,500- 3,000 ft Tierra Caliente (Dry Forest and swamp)
21 Human-Environment Interaction Agriculture:Slash-and-burn technique used to clear the land for farmland in the Amazon River basin.
22 Human-Environment Interaction Agriculture: Terraced Farming is an ancient technique introduced by the Inca for growing crops on the side of a mountain. This reduces soil erosion.
23 UrbanizationPush and Pull factors: People in Latin America are moving from rural areas into urban areas in search of better opportunities. This has created many problems such as the development of slums in the big cities.
24 Push FactorsPush factors: reasons why people feel forced to move away from rural areas examples: Poverty, poor medical care, poor educational opportunities, low-paying jobs
25 Pull FactorsPull factors: reasons why people are drawn to live in the cities. Examples: Possibilities for work, education, medical care.
26 Rapidly Growing Cities City Population (2000)Mexico City, Mexico 99,639,000Buenos Aires, Argentina 37,048,000Lima, Peru 27,136,000Sao Paulo, Brazil 16,800,000Santiago, Chile 15,211,000Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 11,029,300
27 Urban Sprawl Unemployment Crime Illegal Drug trafficking Slums PollutionSanitationShortages of clean drinking water and housing
28 Tourism Advantages: Creation of new jobs Reduction of the income gap between rich and poor
29 Tourism Disadvantages: Congestion Pollution Strain on local resources Resentment and hostilityLarge public debt due to building tourist facilities