Presentation on theme: "Meredith G. Hennon, MPH and the Supercourse team in Pittsburgh."— Presentation transcript:
Meredith G. Hennon, MPH and the Supercourse team in Pittsburgh
Background Asthma is a chronic lung-disease that inflames and narrows the airways (tubes that bring air into and out of an individual’s lungs). Asthma is the most common chronic disease among children.
Asthma disparities Death from asthma is 3 times more likely to occur among Blacks than Whites. Among adults, women of all races have higher rates of illness and death from asthma than men. Rates of hospitalization for asthma for Blacks are almost triple those for Whites.
Number of asthma deaths per 100,000 population, 2003
Increasing rates Asthma rates have been increasing in the United States for both adults and children, males and females, and in the different races and ethnicities. It is estimated that the number of people with asthma worldwide will increase by 25% in the next 15 years.
Child and Adult Asthma Prevalence United States, 1980-2007 12-Month Lifetime Child Adult Source: National Health Interview Survey; CDC National Center for Health Statistics Current
Asthma Prevalence by Sex United States, 1980-2007 12-Month Lifetime Female Male Source: National Health Interview Survey; CDC National Center for Health Statistics Current
Asthma Prevalence by Race/Ethnicity United States, 1997-2007 Lifetime Current ▲ Black NH White NH Hispanic Source: National Health Interview Survey; National Center for Health Statistics
Worldwide Burden of Asthma 300 million people suffer from asthma worldwide. 255,000 asthma deaths in 2005. ○ ~3,500 in the United States. Over 80% of asthma deaths occur in low and lower-middle income countries.
Treatment While asthma cannot be cured, it can be controlled: Medications ○ Long term ○ Quick relief ○ Bronchial thermoplasty Learning to recognize one’s own triggers and taking steps to avoid them.
Treatment Medication Long term ○ Inhaled corticosteroid ○ Leukotriene modifiers ○ Long-acting beta agonists ○ Combination inhalers
Review Questions (Developed by the Supercourse team) What are some of the common asthma triggers? Which age, sex, and/or racial groups see disparities in asthma prevalence rates, as well as hospitalizations and deaths? Describe the process of asthma diagnosis.