Presentation on theme: "A Plan That Builds an Essay"— Presentation transcript:
1 A Plan That Builds an Essay Making an OutlineA Plan That Builds an Essay
2 Introduction What is an outline ? Before you begin writing the first draft of your essay, it is best to makean outline. An outline is a generalplan of what you are going to write.You can compare making an outlineto drawing plans to build a house.Before one begins to build a house, itis best to draw up plans to make surethat a house is built in the way youwant. The same is true with writingan essay and making an outline.
3 The Benefits of an Outline IntroductionThe Benefits of an OutlineAn outline of an essay can be very helpful for two reasons:An outline will help make your essay moreorganized. A careful plan will help your bodyparagraphs stay focused on the ideas in yourthesis statement.An outline saves time for writers. Preparing anoutline can take time, but when you are finished,you will be able to write the rough draft of youressay more quickly than if you didn’t have anoutline.
4 Example Outline Here is an example of how a blank outline might look: Essay OutlineIntroduction Thesis: _____________________Body Paragraph #1- Topic Sentence: _____________A. supporting ideaB. supporting ideaIII. Body Paragraph #2- Topic Sentence: ____________IV. Body Paragraph #3- Topic Sentence: ____________V. Conclusion
5 The Process Making an Outline In a formal outline, Roman numerals can be used to representparagraphs. Capitalletters can be used torepresent supportingdetails for theparagraphs.Essay OutlineI. Introduction Thesis: ____________________II. Body Paragraph #1- Topic Sentence: _________A. supporting ideaB. supporting ideaIII. Body Paragraph #2- Topic Sentence: _________IV. Body Paragraph #3- Topic Sentence: _________V. Conclusion
6 The Process Thesis Statement To begin an outline, you need to start with your thesisstatement. The thesis statement will be your guide throughout the process of writing about the impact of your Roman on Rome and the Western World. From the thesis statement, you can begin writing the topic sentences for the body paragraphs in the outline.ESSAY OUTLINEThesis StatementTopic Sentence #1Topic Sentence #2Topic Sentence #3
7 The Process Topic Sentences The topic sentence for each body paragraphshould support the thesis statement. The topicsentences need to agree with the main idea orsubpoints in the thesis statement; otherwise,the essay could be confusing.
8 The Process Supporting Details Under the topic sentence for each paragraph,list some of the supporting details, examples,or ideas you want to include in each paragraph.
9 The Process Supporting Details II. Body Paragraph #1: Topic Sentence: The way you dress can have a big impact on an interview panel’s first impressions of you.A. Men and women should consider wearing dark suits.B. Conservative dress will show the interview panel you are serious about what you do.C. Don’t carry too many things into the interview. A notebook, pens, and/or laptop computer should be carried in a briefcase.D. Hair and nails should be clean and neat.supporting details,examples, and ideas
10 Example OutlineThesis Statement: Cincinnatus played a massive role in the development of the political position and laws governing dictatorship in Rome as well as laying the groundwork for the concept of terms limits in the American presidency.Paragraph #1:Topic Sentence: Cincinatus helped to develop the political position of dictator in the Roman Republic.A. He was pulled from his job as a farmer to lead Rome’s military.B. He stepped down as soon as the job was doneC. Established the precedence of limited terms for dictators.III. Paragraph #2:Topic Sentence: Cincinnatus helped to develop the laws determining the powers and limitations of dictators in the Roman Republic.A. When he was asked to be dictator for a second time Cincinnatus agreedB. However, again, as soon as the enemy was defeated, 16 days later, he stepped down.C. The powers he took up were considered a guide for future dictators.
11 Remember!!! Roman Numeral One (I) should be your thesis statement. Use Roman Numerals to denote PARAGRAPHSUse Capital Letters to denote supporting ideasUse Arabic Numbers (1, 2, 3, etc.) to flesh out ideasUse Lower Case letters next, if necessary
12 RUBRIC Research Paper Outline/Thesis Rubric OUTLINE SUBMITTED ON TIME VIA TURNITIN.COM – 40 pointsCATEGORYExceeds12 pointsMeets8 pointsFails to Meet4 pointsNot Evident0 pointsTitleClever Interesting title including Roman’s impact on the modern worldTitle including Roman’s impact on the modern worldTitle includes Roman’s nameTitle is not specific to assignment (e.g. Mark’s outline)ThesisThesis includes SPECIFIC references to Roman’s impact on modern worldThesis includes general references to Roman’s impact on modern worldThesis includes references to Roman’s impact on ancient worldNo thesis/no reference to impact on the worldFormatFollows traditional outline format in terms of notations and spacingFollows traditional outline format in terms of notations OR spacingHas minor issues with notation and spacingHas major issues with notation and spacing – hard to tell it’s an outline.OrganizationEach paragraph includes an introductory sentence that supports the thesisEach paragraph includes an introductory sentence.Each paragraph has supporting statements, but not structured as a sentence.Each paragraph just has 1-3 words as a headerResearchQuotes (6O-L; 12H) are evident with MLA citation and clearly support the paragraph’s introductory sentence.Quotes (6 on-level; 12 honors) are evident with MLA citationNot enough quotes or improper citationNo quotesRUBRIC