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An introduction to electric vehicles

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Presentation on theme: "An introduction to electric vehicles"— Presentation transcript:

1 An introduction to electric vehicles

2 Agenda Benefits of driving electric Types of electric vehicles
Electric vehicle charging Charging locations Myths and facts

3 The Benefits of Driving Electric
Fact: Driving electric can save you more than 70% on fuel costs. Fact: Driving electric means no tailpipe emissions, helping to preserve the environment. Fact: Electricity is made from largely domestic sources helping to reduce the dependence on foreign oil. If you know your electricity rate, you can calculate the exact savings for your employees and customers. Fact: Electric vehicle owners tend to have higher satisfaction levels with their cars compared to non-electric vehicle owners. Driving electric is a win-win for utilities and their customers.

4 Electric Vehicle Types
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle Electric motor and ICE engine Electric range miles Blended electric/gas at higher speeds 2-9 kWh Ex: Prius Plug-in Extended Range Electric Vehicle (EREV) Electric vehicle with “Extended Range” All electric for miles Gas generated for 300+ miles 8-10 kWh Ex: Chevy VOLT Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV) Battery electric vehicle - Powered by electricity only Electric range for Zero emissions 16-85 kWh Ex: Nissan LEAF, Tesla S All types are considered PEVs, or plug-in electric vehicles Today there are 25 different models of electric vehicles found in the U.S. with many more coming to market this year.

5 Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure
AC Charging Home, Fleet and Public Use DC Fast Charging Public and Large Fleet Use Type Level-1 Level-2 V, up to 40 kW (80 amp) V, up to 100kW (200 amp) Power 120V, amp 120V, amp 240V, up to 19.2 kW (80 amp) Charge Time (Miles of range per hour of charge) 3 to 5 miles 3.3 kW – 10 to 14 miles 6.6 kW – 20 to 25 miles 9.6 kW – 40 to 45 miles 19.2 kW – up to 60 miles 40 kW – up to 120 miles 100 kW – up to 300 miles Cost and complexity tends to increase the faster the charging level. Did you know? Most plug-in electric vehicles can be charged on a household outlet overnight. Vehicles can be charged in a number of ways; characterized by the speed of charge. Selection should be based on site characteristics and the typical needs of users

6 Charging Locations More than 80 percent of residential and fleet charging is done at “home” “Home refueling,” charging overnight at home for personal vehicles and at work for fleet vehicles Workplace charging is on the rise and supports electric vehicle adoption Provides charge for those without dedicated home charging Extends daily range Public: Allows for mass adoption Relieves “range anxiety” BEST in destination locations or along major highway corridors Vehicles can be charged in a number of ways; characterized by the speed of charge. Selection should be based on site characteristics and the typical needs of users

7 Common Electric Vehicle Myths
MYTH: Plug-in electric vehicles can only support short trips, not daily commutes. MYTH: Plug-in electric vehicles aren’t “clean.” Instead of burning gas, they run off of dirty power plants. FACT: The average is 40 miles or less, and most full battery electric vehicles are targeting close to 100-mile range on a full charge, and with plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, you can go even further up to 300 miles or more. FACT: Even when emissions from power plants are taken into consideration, electric vehicles contribute significantly less green house gases than traditional cars. MYTH: Electric vehicles will make your energy bill go way up. MYTH: Electric vehicles are far more expensive than the average car. FACT: Slightly higher electric bills are offset by savings at the gas pump. This would be like filling up for a few cents per mile, compared to the average 14 cents for a traditional car. FACT: Federal tax incentives are available, up to $7,500 as well as possible state and local incentives. Compared to gas-powered cars, you will save on fuel, maintenance and repair costs.

8 Questions?

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