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Simple Subjects and Predicates

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1 Simple Subjects and Predicates
Understanding and Finding Simple Subjects and Simple Predicates Chapter One in your Language book.

2 What is the simple predicate?
The simple predicate is the verb or verb phrase in a sentence: Brandi and Catherine help Mrs. Todd during second period. help They have been helping her since Thursday. have been helping

3 Verb Phrase A phrase is a group of words that functions as a unit (works together to do something) in the sentence. The verb phrase is made up of the main verb (the last verb in the phrase) and the helping verbs. Ben was singing the helping verbs song. main verb: singing helping verb: was

4 Helping Verbs Jingle Bells
Helping Verbs!  Helping Verbs!  There are Am, is are!  Was and were!  Being, been, and be! Have, has, had!  Do, does, did!  Shall, should, will, and would! There are 5 more helping verbs:  may, might, must, can, and could! 

5 Action Verb Phrase The verb phrase tells…
what and when something is happening These sentences describe a physical action: Michael is writing neatly. is writing happening now Michael will be writing neatly tomorrow. will be writing will be happening in the future

6 Action Verb Phrase These sentences describe a mental action:
I was hoping for a good day. was hoping happened in the past I believe in my students. believe happening now

7 Verb or Verb Phrase Tells that something is, was, or is going to exist. There is no real action in this type of verb phrase. In this verb phrase, the main verb is always a form of be. Ally is a good student. is Ally is existing as a good student but is not doing anything in this sentence. She has been a good student for years. has been Ally has been existing as a good student but has not been doing anything in this sentence.

8 Forms of Be Camptown Ladies
Am, is, are, was, were, be, been, being, being, Am, is, are, was, were, be, been, Oh! Being verbs.

9 Linking Verbs Linking verbs join a describing word (adjective) or renaming word (noun or pronoun to the subject. The word that is linked tells more about the subject. These verbs do not show action. I feel sick. feel I am sick. Frank looks confused. looks Frank is confused. To see if a verb is linking, replace it with a form of be (is, am, are, was, were, be, been, being).

10 Compound Simple Predicate
Sometimes there is more than one verb or verb phrase in a sentence. This happens when the subject is, was, or will be doing or being more than one thing. Joey is singing and will be playing the guitar. is singing will be playing Sarah plays piano and studies Mozart. plays studies

11 Finding The Simple Subject
Find the simple predicate (verb or verb phrase) first and then ask the question “Who or what_____?” in front of the simple predicate to find the subject. Jon is the detail person in our group. Who is the detail person? Jon is. Jon finds the errors in most documents. Who finds the errors? Jon finds them.

12 The Simple Subject The simple subject is a naming word, a noun or pronoun: Noun- person, place, thing, idea or emotion Lancaster became a great glass-making town. Who or what became? Lancaster Pronoun - These words take the place of nouns. It became prosperous because of the glass industry. Who or what became? It

13 Pronouns Here are examples of pronouns that can be subjects:
He, She, It, We, They, You Who, What, All, None, Both, Many Everybody, Everyone, Everything

14 The Subject in an Imperative Sentence.
An imperative sentence is a request or command. Please start the daily edit. Who or what starts? You start. Put the snake down! Who or what puts? You put. The subject word is invisible in an imperative sentence. The subject is “you,” the person who is being addressed in the sentence.

15 Compound Subject Sometimes there is more than one noun or pronoun doing or existing in the sentence. Joey and Dillon will be playing the guitar. Joey, Dillon Sarah and Blake plays piano and studies Mozart. Sarah, Blake

16 Compound Subject and Predicate
Some sentences have both compound subjects and predicates: J oey and Dillon play the guitar and sing. Joey, Dillon play, sing Sarah and Blake read music and play the piano. Sarah, Blake read, play

17 Why is it important to know about the simple subject and predicate?
You probably want to do well on the chapter test. Learning the basics of English grammar can help you with learning a foreign language. Finding the subject and predicate helps you determine if the group of words is a grammatically complete sentence.

18 Why is it important to know about the simple subject and predicate?
Knowing about subjects and predicates can help you correct sentence fragments and can lead to better communication. Educated people probably should know how their own language is structured and how to use it. Writing correct (standard) English makes a good impression.

19 Online Help and Practice
Websites for Subjects and Predicates: The Guide to Grammar and Writing. l

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