2 WATER and SANITATIONToday, more than one billion people lack access to safe water and over three billion, half of humanity, do not have adequate sanitation facilities.
3 WATER and SANITATIONThe number of people without adequate water and sanitation facilities could reach 5.5 billion in the next 20 years.
4 WATER AS A HUMAN RIGHT“Water is fundamental for life and health. The human right to water is indispensable for leading a healthy life in human dignity. It is a pre-requisite to the realization of all other human rights.”UN Committee on Economic, Cultural and Social Rights26.November 2002
5 Scope of Water and Sanitation Policy This policy applies to all Water and Sanitation interventions carried out by National Societies and the International Federation.Programming and advocacy aims at incorporating Water and Sanitation objectives into general health and development programmes as well as in emergency situations.Water and Sanitation is a Health initiative, clearly defined and seen as one of the most important aspects of preventive health.Community Based Health Care cannot be considered without addressing the issue of Water and Sanitation coverage.
6 WatSan Activities2.5 Million People served by Developmental WatSanNorth-East RussiaSecretariatGenevaSwitzerlandSlovakiaKazakhastanBosnia-HerzegovinaHungaryAlbaniaCroatiaAzerbaijanUzbekistanMacedoniaTurkeyTajikistanNorth KoreaSyriaIraqIranAfghanistanAlgeriaNepalChinaJordanPakistanCubaBangladeshIndiaMyanmarGuatemalaBelizeHaitiDominican RepEritreaLaosHondurasThailandeActive in over 35 CountriesEl SalvadorPanamaGuinea BissauSudanPhilippinesNicaraguaDjibutiaCambodiaCosta RicaVenezuelaLiberiaNigeriaSomaliaVietnamColombiaCote d'Ivoire.D.R.CongoUgandaEthiopiaSri LankaMalaysiaRwandaKenyaTanzaniaIndonesiaNew GuineaPapuaPeruAngolaComoresEast TimorFijiZambiaMalawiBoliviaMozambiqueParaguayNamibiaZimbabweBotswanaMadagascarSwazilandLesothoArgentina6.5 Million People served with Emergency WatSan
7 1 out of Programmes North Korea Wat-San started in 1999 100 municaplitiesProvide clean water, sanitation, hygiene education3 delegatesDPRK RC Wat-San department
8 GENDERRecognize the issue of gender and the need for a gender-balanced approach.
9 HARDWARE and SOFTWAREHygiene promotion (Software) must be established parallel to / before introducing hardware (pumpes, pipes).
10 APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGIES Give due consideration to the use of appropriate local technologies for the sustainability of the work.
11 Statements Community participation National Water and Sanitation strategiesIntegrated approachEvolution from relief to development
12 ResponsibilitiesA careful, respectful approach to official community leaders and traditional and/or religious leaders is imperative.When the community is committed, Government is informed and relationships with others players and local Red Cross structures are established, the engineering work may commence.