Presentation on theme: "Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)"— Presentation transcript:
1 Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) A Guide to…Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
2 DefinitionWhat is PPE?“all equipment which is intended to be worn or held by a person at work and which protects him against one or more risks to his health and safety”PPE includes clothing affording protection against the weather
3 RegulationsEmployers have basic duties concerning the provision and use of PPE equipment at work.This guide explains what you need to do to meet the requirements of the Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regulations 1992 (as amended).
4 Types of PPE PPE includes… Hi-Vis Clothing Safety Footwear Safety HarnessesEye ProtectionGlovesSafety HelmetsHearing Protection
5 RegulationsHearing protection and respiratory protective equipment for most work situations are not covered by these regulations because other regulations apply.However, these items should be compatible with any other PPE that is provided
6 Regulation Requirements Regulations require that PPE:Is assessed before use to ensure it’s suitableIs maintained and stored properlyIs provided with instructions on how to use it safelyThe main requirement of the PPE at Work Regulations 1992 is that personal protective equipment is to be supplied and used at work wherever there are risks to health and safety that cannot be adequately controlled in other ways.Is used correctly by employees
7 Assessing the HazardsTo choose the right PPE, carefully consider the different hazards in the workplace and assess which types of PPE are suitable to protect against the hazard
8 Assessing Suitable PPE Consider the following when selecting PPE…Is it appropriate for the risk involved and the conditions?Does it prevent or control the risks involved?Can it be adjusted to fit the wearer properly?Is it appropriate for the risks involved and the conditions at the place where exposure to the risk may occur? For example, eye protection designed for providing protection against agricultural pesticides will not offer adequate face protection for someone using an angle grinder to cut steel or stone.Does it prevent or adequately control the risks involved without increasing the overall risk?Can it be adjusted to fit the wearer properly?What are the needs of the job and the demands it places on the wearer? For example, the length of time the PPE needs to be worn, the physical effort required to do the job and requirements for visibility and communication.If more than one item of PPE is being worn, are they compatible? For example, does a particular type of respirator make it difficult to get eye protection to fir properly?What are the needs of the job and the demands it places on the wearer?If more than 1 item of PPE is required, are they compatible?
9 Eye Protection Hazards: Options: Chemical Splash Safety Spectacles Metal SplashDustProjectilesGas & VapourRadiationOptions:Safety SpectaclesGogglesFaceshieldsVisors
10 Head Protection Hazards: Options: Impact from falling or flying objectsRisk of bumping headHair EntanglementGas & VapourRadiationOptions:Hard HatsHard CapsBump CapsThe Construction (Head Protection) Regulations 1989 also specifically covers head protection regulations.
11 Protecting the Body Hazards: Options: Adverse weather ImpactPenetrationContaminated dustExcessive wearEntanglement of own clothingChemical/metal splashExtreme TemperaturesOptions:Conventional overallsDisposable overallsBoiler suitsSpecialist clothing (e.g. chainmail aprons, hi-vis clothing)
12 Hand & Arm Protection Hazards: Options: Abrasion Gloves Cuts & puncturesImpactChemicalsElectric shockSkin infectionDiseaseContaminationOptions:GlovesGauntletsMittsWristcuffsArmlets
13 Foot & Leg Protection Hazards: Options: Wet Safety boots and shoes SlippingCuts and puncturesFalling objectsMetal splashChemical splashAbrasionElectrostatic build-upOptions:Safety boots and shoesProtective toe capsPenetration resistant mid-soleGaitersLeggingsSpats
14 Hearing Protection Hazards: Options: Intrusive noise Ear plugs Noisy power toolsNoisy machineryNoise from impact (e.g. hammering)Explosive sources (such as cartridge-operated tools)Options:Ear plugsEar muffsSemi inserts/capsHearing protection is not covered under the Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regulations The Noise at Work Regulations 2005 specifically covers Hearing protection.
15 Breathing Protection Hazards: Options: Dust VapourGasOxygen deficient atmospheresOptions:Disposable filtering respiratorsHalf or full face respiratorsAir-fed helmetsBreathing apparatus
16 No! Can I be charged for PPE? An employer cannot ask for money from an employee for PPE, whether it is returnable or not.This includes agency workers if they are legally regarded as an employee. If employment has been terminated and the employee keeps the PPE without the employers permission, then, as long as it has been made clear in the contract of employment, the employer may be able to deduct the cost of the replacement from any wages owned.
17 Training PPE users should be aware of: Why PPE is needed When it should be usedAnyone using PPE should be aware of why it is needed, when it is to be used, repaired or replaced and its limitations.When it should be repaired or replacedIts limitations
18 Training Managers or supervisors should: Train and instruct people how to use it properlyCheck regularly that PPE is being usedTrain and instruct people how to use it properly and make sure they are doing this.Because PPE is the last resort after other methods of protection have been considered, it’s important that users wear it all the time they are exposed to the risk. Never allow exemptions for those jobs which take “just a few minutes”.Check regularly that PPE is being used and investigate fully any reason why it is not.Safety signs are a useful reminder for workers to wear PPEInvestigate if PPE is not being used correctlyPosition safety signs as a useful reminder
19 Maintenance Make sure equipment is: Well looked after and properly stored after useKept clean and in good repairMake sure equipment is well looked after and properly stored when it’s not being used, for example in a dry, clean cupboard, or in the case of smaller items such as eye protection, in a box, case or dispenser.It should be kept clean and in good repair – follow the manufacturers maintenance schedule (including recommended replacement periods and shelf lives). Simple maintenance can be carried out by the trained wearer, but more intricate repairs should only be done by specialists.Make sure PPE is always readily available.Always readily available
20 CE MarkingEnsure any PPE you buy is ‘CE’ Marked and complies with the requirements of the Personal Protective Equipment Regulations 2002The CE marking signifies that the PPE satisfies certain basic safety standards and in some cases will have been tested and certified by an independent body.
21 Other Regulations The Control of Lead at Work Regulations 2002 The Ionising Radiations Regulations 1999The Control of Asbestos at Work Regulations 2002The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002 (as amended)The Noise at Work Regulations 1989The Construction (Head Protection) Regulations 1989The PPE at Work Regulations do not apply where the following six sets of regulations require the provision and use of PPE against these hazards. For example, gloves used to prevent dangerous chemicals penetrating the skin would be covered by the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) Regulations 2002 (as amended).
22 Key Points to Remember Check that… PPE is provided It offers adequate protection for its intended useThose using it are trained in its safe useIt is properly maintained and defects are reportedIt is returned to its proper storage after use
23 Questions 1. Give 5 examples of PPE equipment 2. Which 2 types of equipment are not covered by the Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) at Work Regulations 1992?3. What mark should all PPE carry to ensure it complies with regulations?Safety footwear, eye protection, hi-vis clothing, gloves, safety helmets, safety harnessesHearing protection and respiratory protectionCE MarkThe different hazards in the workplaceGoggles, visors, safety spectacles, faceshields4. To select the correct PPE what do you need to consider and assess?5. Give 3 examples of PPE that will protect the eyes from hazards.
24 Further InformationThis presentation contains notes on good practice which are not compulsory but which you may find helpful in considering what you need to do.Source: HSE