Presentation on theme: "Aim: What is the role of the Legislative Branch?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Aim: What is the role of the Legislative Branch? Do Now: What do you remember about the make-up of the Legislative Branch?
2 The Legislative Branch The outline for the Legislative Branch is laid out in Article I of the ConstitutionThe Congress is Bi-Cameral (two houses)Legislative BranchCongressThe House of RepresentativesThe Senate
3 The Legislative Branch Generally, Congressional has three major powersWrite laws (legislation)Declare warOversee the Executive BranchWhich of these powers seems most important?
4 The House of Representatives Often called “The People’s House”Representation based upon population:435 total RepresentativesNew York has 27Qualifications of Representatives:At least 28 years oldU.S. Citizen for at least 7 yearsLive in the state they represent (but not necessarily the district)
6 The House of Representatives •Leadership: Speaker of the House•Representatives serve 2 year terms (must be reelected every 2 years)Why do you think the House of Representatives is refer to as the “People’s House?” Do you feel it is appropriate?
8 How are Representatives determined? •Every 10 years, a census is conducted to determine the population of each state and how many representatives they receive•In 2010, New York lost 2 seats!!!•State Legislatures then draw the electoral map, determining what electoral district the population is in
15 How are Representatives determined? Gerrymandering: The process of manipulating Congressional districts to favor one part or anotherWhat do you think about this process?
16 Powers of the House of Representatives •All bills that relate to money start here (taxes)
17 Powers of the House of Representatives Break a tie vote in the Electoral College for President
18 Powers of the House of Representatives Begin the Presidential impeachment process
19 The Senate•Equal Representation: Each state gets 2 votes; 100 Senators total•Qualifications of a Senator:oAt least 30 years oldoCitizen of the US for at least 9 yearsoLive in the State they represent
29 What happens to a Bill when it is introduced to Congress?
30 What happens when a bill passes through committee?
31 What happens when a bill passes voting in The House and Senate?
32 •Every year, about 5,000 bills are introduced (with only around 150 being signed into law) Why do you think so few bills become laws? Is this a good or bad thing?Discussion: What sort of issues do you think are at play when the members of Congress discuss certain bills?What different forces may pull them to vote on or introduce different bills?