1 Unit Three: Simple & Progressive Verbs; Gerunds & Infinitives English Center Tutor TrainingESOL
2 Table of Contents Unit 1: Parts of Speech Unit 2: Phrases, Clauses, and Sentence StructureUnit 3: Simple & Progressive VerbsUnit 4: Perfect & Passive VerbsUnit 5: Complex SentencesUnit 6: Overview of City ESOL Program
3 Simple Present Habitual Actions My dog Punch goes to bed at 8pm every night.I drink coffee when I eat breakfast.General TruthsThe sky is blue.Stress causes high blood pressure.With Non-Action/Stative Verbs (describing states or situations)I hope to move abroad again soon.This class knows how to write an introduction.
4 Four Types of Non-Action/Stative Verbs: 1. Express Emotions(hate, like, love, want, feel)2. Describe Mental States(know, remember, believe, understand)3. Show Possession(have, own, possess, belong)4. Describe Perception and Senses(hear, see, smell, taste, feel, notice, appear)
6 Present Progressive be + V-ing Actions Happening Right Now I am talking to the class.The students are wearing shoes.Extended Present Actions (which may not be happening at the moment of speaking)We are studying essay structure.Mark is training for a 100-mile bike ride this month.Temporary ActionsI am staying with friends, but I plan to leave soon.
7 Present Progressive Happening now Occurring over a period of time We are not sleeping right now because we are learning about grammar.Happening nowOccurring over a period of timeDo not use non action verbNowPastFuture
8 Tutoring Note!Some verbs can have an active or stative (non- action) meaning, depending on the context. You need to be able to help students identify the difference. Common verbs that may be used with either meaning include have, think, taste and look. For example… The soup tastes good. Try some. (non-action/stative) She’s tasting the soup to see if it needs more salt. (active)
9 For each pair, use the present (non-action/stative) or present progressive (active) haveWe _______ two textbooks in this class.They ___________ a hard time with grammar.thinkShe _____________about her boyfriend, not about grammar.He ___________ we should go to the library after class.lookI _____________for a new book to read.You ____________ great today.haveare havingis thinkingthinksam lookinglook
10 Tutoring Note!At the beginning levels, students tend to easily distinguish the simple present from the present progressive (habitual vs. happening now). As their learning advances and they realize that the present and present progressive tenses are used in more varied situations, they can become confused. Therefore, it’s important to be able to explain the different uses of these two tenses. Additionally, with the progressive tenses, students tend to omit the “be” verb. If you notice that a student as omitted a “be” verb, ask the student to self correct.What’s missing here?Is this verb complete?
11 Simple PastTo talk about actions, states, or situations that are now finished.I wanted to eat chocolate ice cream before class.I went to Paris in 1998.I hiked Half Dome two years ago.NowPastFuture
12 Past ProgressiveTo describe an action that was in progress over a period of time in the past.We were hiking for many hours before we reached the summit.*I was hating the hike down.Happened in the pastOccurred over a period of timereminder: Do not use non action/stative verb in progressiveNowFuturePast
13 Past Progressive Two actions in progress at the same time in the past While I was talking on the phone, he was watching TV.He was watching TV while I was talking on the phone.NowPastFuturewas watchingwas talking
14 Past Progressive & Simple Past An action interrupted by another actionWhen = simple past While = past-progressiveI was taking a shower when the phone rang.While I was taking a shower, the phone rang.Nowphone rangPastFuturewas taking a shower
15 Simple Past & Simple Past One action occurs in the past, then another action occurs in the past.I walked into class, and I sat in a chair.NowPastFuture
16 Future Forms The plane leaves at 5:00pm tonight. scheduledeventsSimplepresentBe goingto + verbPresent progressiveWill +be + V -ingWill + verbThe plane leaves at 5:00pm tonight.The plane is leaving at 5:00pm tonight.
17 Future Forms My flight departs on a Monday morning. I am going to have a wonderful experience.SimplepresentI am changing planes in Mexico City.Be goingto + verbPresent progressiveWill +be + V -ingWill + verbI will be hiking in Patagonia for one week next January.Will you go to Argentina with me?
18 Tutoring Note!In most cases will and be going to can be used interchangeably. In the few situations where one or the other is correct, just correct it for the student because those differences are very subtle.