2 Key TermsPrejudice means to PRE JUDGE someone because of their race, religion, gender or ageDiscrimination ACTING on Prejudice e.g. refusing to give someone a jobPositive discrimination – treating people well because of whom or what they are e.g. giving a black person a jobStereotyping – Making a judgment about a group - “all teenagers are rude, have a bad attitude and don’t try their best”
3 Reasons why people are prejudiced Lack of understanding / education about a culture or backgroundFear or uncertainty – blaming groups for social problems e.g immigrants or 9/11 (terrorism)Prejudiced parents - growing up and hearing racist comments
4 Reasons why people are prejudiced Bad experience – being a victim e.g. being mugged by hooded teenagersThe media – films or the news e.g. “Muslim Terrorists”
5 Types of PrejudiceRacism - people can be prejudice about a person’s race or the colour of their skin. Anthony Walker was killed because he was black in Liverpool 2005Sexism - people can be prejudice about someone's gender. Women still get paid less for some jobs
6 Types of PrejudiceReligion - people can be prejudice about a person's religious beliefs, the holocaust or the rise in anti Muslim feelings after 9 / 11Ageism - people can be prejudice aboutsomeone's age. Old people may not get jobsClass and Wealth - people can judge others on their class or wealth.
7 Prejudice and the LawThere are a number of laws to protect people from prejudice.Sex Discrimination Act 1975 – It is illegal to be discriminate because of genderRace relations Act 1976 – Abuse and Physical attack because of race is illegal
8 LawsDisability Discrimination Act Have to provide opportunity and access to disabled peopleEquality Act 2006 – Against religious discrimination and ageism
9 Key TermsToleranceTolerance means to accept that people should have a right to their own beliefs and practices as long as they do not hurt others. Religions encourage tolerance and understanding towards others.
10 JusticeJusticeAll religions teach that people are equal. Religious people think that people should be treated fairly and with justice.
11 Key TermsHarmonyHarmony means living in peace with others. It needs both tolerance and understanding. Religious people think that practicing kindness and generosity will help achieve this in our society.
12 Key Terms Value of the individual Every person should be valued and respected. We are all unique and deserve to be treated well. Christians believe God created everyone in his image. Muslims believe that Allah created all people so they should be respected
13 Christianity Christians believe that everyone is created equally Christianity believes that prejudice and discrimination goes against God.Jesus' teaching in the story of the "good Samaritan" explains that regardless of whom people are they should be treated kindly.
14 Christianity Cont..Jesus showed no prejudice he healed everyone, women, men and his Roman enemy.Humans were created in the image of God so therefore all must be treated the same.There is no difference between Male or Female, Jew or Non Jew
15 Islam and PrejudiceMuslims believe that Allah created all people equallyMuhammad preached against slavery and taught people's differences are not reasons for discrimination.The Qur'an (holy book) says that prejudice and discrimination should not be allowed
16 HajjEquality is shown on pilgrimage (religious journey to Mecca) where all people - male, female, rich or poor wear white to show they are the same.
17 Martin Luther KingIn the 1950s and 60s black people in America faced prejudice and discrimination.Black children had to attend different schools that had poor facilities, books and equipment.Black people could not use the same swimming pools or restaurants as white people. They were paid less and not allowed to vote.
18 Martin Luther KingMartin Luther King was a Christian who set about trying to get rid of these injustices.He wanted people to be treated fairly and for black people to have the same rights as white people.
19 Desmond TutuDesmond Tutu was born in South Africa and became a Christian Priest. At the time apartheid denied black people equal rights. Apartheid means separateness – a policy that kept white and black people apart.Black people were not allowed to vote and they did not have equal opportunity to housing or education.
20 Desmond TutuDesmond Tutu campaigned for equal civil rights and worked to get rid of South Africa’s unfair laws.Desmond led peaceful marches and non violent protests against apartheid. In 1986 he became the first black Archbishop of Cape Town.