6 Gluten: when water is mixed with flour, the proteins in the flour give strength and elasticity to batters and dough's.
7 Quick Breads 1. They are Quick to make and cook (<1 Hr.) 2. Baking Powder or Soda as the leavening agent.4. Does not need to riseIncludes: pancakes, muffins, cornbread, zucchini bread, banana bread, etc.
8 Muffin Method Challenge: Mixing The Under-Mixed Muffin:Will have low volume.Will have a flat surface.Will be very crumbly.DRAW THIS:
9 The Over-Mixed Muffin: Will have a peaked top.Will be very tough.Will have large tunnels in the interior.DRAW THIS:
10 Muffin Method of Mixing Combine all dry ingredients together into a bowl.In a separate bowl, blend all of the liquid ingredients together, (including fat).Make a well in your dry ingredient bowl and pour the liquid in the well.Stir until dry ingredients are moistened.Fill muffin tin 2/3’s full with batter
11 The Perfect Muffin: DRAW THIS: Will have a cauliflower, round and pebbly top.Will have some, but few, tunnels in the interior.Will be tender.DRAW THIS:
12 Loaf BreadLightly browned and have pulled away slightly from the sides of the pan. The crust has a center crack and feels firm when tapped.PancakesReady to turn when the edges look dry and the bubbles top start to break.
13 Difference between Muffin and Biscuit Method Biscuit method only makes 3 types of breads: biscuits, scones, and shortcakesBiscuit method adds solid fat to the dry ingredients before the liquids are lightly mixed in and then cuts in the fatBiscuit uses more flour than liquid to make a dough, not a batter, that must be kneaded.
14 Final Biscuit Doneness Because of the fat and kneading the resulting bread is a delicate texture with a crisp but tender crust. The inside, slightly steamy and creamy white, peels apart in wafer thin layers.The dough has doubled in sizeGolden brown tops and straight, cream colored sides.
15 Biscuit Method of Mixing: Combine all dry ingredients.Cut-in the fat until there are crumbs.Add the liquid and stir until a dough forms.Knead the dough so gluten will form.Cut into biscuits with biscuit cutter.Place on a greased cookie sheet.
16 Kneading: to work a dough with the palms of the hands to develop gluten.
17 2 types of Biscuit method dough RolledDroppedDough is kneaded and then rolled out to an even thickness.Dough is cut to biscuit size before baking.Have a little more liquid so the dough is sticky.The dough is not kneaded or rolled outDrop biscuits by large spoonfuls onto panA more mealy less flaky result
18 Yeast breads Take a long time to make Leavening agent is yeast. Examples: pizza crust, cinnamon rolls, bread, rolls, etc.
19 Yeast BreadsName the basic ingredients in yeast bread. What is the purpose of each?Flour: Body / StructureYeast: Provides leavening to make light, airy and porousSalt: Flavor and controls yeastFat: Tenderness
20 e. Liquid: To dissolve and activate yeast f. Sugar: Food for yeast g e. Liquid: To dissolve and activate yeast f. Sugar: Food for yeast g. Egg: Color, texture and nutrientsWhat is proofing?The period of time when the bread is rising and CO2 is being produced.The function of yeast in leavening is to produce CO2.What happens if the liquid you add to the yeast is too hot?It will kill it!
21 What happens if the liquid you add to the yeast is too cold? It won’t reactWhat affect does salt have on yeast?It controls yeast growthWhat is the effect of mixing baking soda with an acid?CO2 is produced
22 8. What are some common acids added to foods to help produce leavening? Sour CreamSour Milk (Buttermilk)VinegarCream of TartarHoneyMolassesLemon Juice