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Measurement-A Common Language
EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?
The measure of the amount of matter an object contains Matter: The material that all objects and substances are made up of Anything that has mass and takes up space is matter EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?
Units of Mass International System of Units Abbreviated as SI after its French name Systeme International The basic unit of mass in the SI system is the kilogram. EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?
Milligrams Used to measure smaller objects such as a paper clip EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?
Conversions 1 kg = 1,000 g 1 g mg EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

Mass Measuring Mass

How does a triple-beam balance work?
A triple-beam balance works by comparing the mass of the object you are measuring to a known mass When you use a triple-beam balance, you: Place the object on the pan Shift the riders on the beams until they balance the mass of the object Start with the large rider (increments of 100) Next, the medium sized rider (increments of 10) Lastly, the small rider (increments of 1) EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

The Difference Between Mass and Weight

EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?
The measure of the force of gravity acting on an object EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

How would your weight differ if you were to travel to the moon?
If you were to travel to the moon your weight would be less. Your weight would be lesser because the force of gravity is less. Weight is a factor of the force of gravity EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

Why would your mass stay constant if you were to travel to the moon?
Your mass would stay the same if you were to travel to the moon because mass is the amount of matter that an object contains Since you are still made up of the same amount of “stuff”, your mass would not change EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

Why use the mass of an object instead of its weight?
mass does not change when the force of gravity does EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?
Volume The amount of space an object takes up EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?
Liter (L) –used to measure the volume of a liquid. Milliliter (mL) - To measure the volume of smaller liquids EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

The instrument used to measure the volume of liquids is called the…
Graduated cylinder. EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

This instrument has markings that are in increments of…
1 milliliter (mL) EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?
Meniscus The curve in the top surface of water in the graduated cylinder EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

What is the proper way to read a meniscus?
Read the milliliter marking at the bottom of the curve EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

Volume of a solid object
To measure a solid objects that are regular shaped, a formula for volume can be applied To measure a rectangular object such as a shoebox, multiply the object’s length, width, and height EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?
The SI unit known for measuring solids with a larger volume is known as the… Cubic meter (m³) - The SI unit used to measure solids with a larger volume EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

Common Conversions For Volume 1,000 mL 1 cm³
= 1,000 mL 1,000 cm³ 1 mL 1 cm³ EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

The formula for calculating the volume of a rectangular object is:
Volume = Length x Width x Height EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?
Why is the unit cm³ used when calculating the volume of a rectangular object? When multiplying the object’s length, width and height, the cm units are also multiplied cm x cm x cm = cm³ EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?
Suppose a cereal box is 10 centimeters long, 4 centimeters wide, and 20 centimeters high. What would be the volume of the box? Volume = Length x Width x Height Volume = 10 cm x 4 cm x 20 cm Volume = 800 cm³ EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

Volume of an Irregular Solid
Water displacement method To measure the volume of an irregular solid, immerse the object in water, and measure how much the water level rises EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

Steps for the water displacement method
Record the volume of water in the graduated cylinder Carefully place the irregular solid into the water. Record the volume of the water plus the object Subtract the volume of the water alone from the volume of the water plus the object EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?
The measure of how much mass is contained in a given volume The density of a substance is the same for all samples of that substance. EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

The formula of density is:
Density = Mass / Volume EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

Why is density expressed as a combination of two different units?
Because density is actually made up of two other measurements – mass and volume – an objects density is expressed as a combination of two units EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

Two Common Units For Density
Grams per cubic centimeter (g/cm³) Grams per milliliter (g/mL) EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?
Math Practice: What is the density of a wood block with a volume of 125 cm³ and a mass of 57 g? Density = mass / volume Density = 57 g / 125 cm³ Density = 0.46 g/ cm³ EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?
Math Practice: What is the density of a liquid with a mass of 45 g and a volume of 48 mL? Density = mass / volume Density = 45 g / 48 mL Density = 0.94 g/mL EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

An object floats if it is less dense than a surrounding liquid.
Densities of Some Common Substances Substance Density (g/cm³) Air 0.001 Ice 0.9 Water 1.0 Aluminum 2.7 Gold 19.3 An object floats if it is less dense than a surrounding liquid. EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

How could you use density to determine whether a bar of metal is pure gold?
Densities of Some Common Substances Substance Density (g/cm³) Air 0.001 Ice 0.9 Water 1.0 Aluminum 2.7 Gold 19.3 If the bar of gold has a density that is greater than or less than 19.3 g/cm³, then the sample is not pure gold. EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

Will an object with a density of 0.7 g/cm³ float or sink in water?
An object that has a density of 0.7 g/cm³ will float in water (1 g/cm³) because it is less dense than water EQ: How do I define mass, weight and density?

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