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Youth unemployment in Poland (For Portugal)

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Presentation on theme: "Youth unemployment in Poland (For Portugal)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Youth unemployment in Poland (For Portugal)

2 The reasons of youth unemployment:
-Education system does not meet the needs of the labour market -Young people study for qualifications for which there is not demand -Cost of work is too high -Large number of „regulated” professions -Lack of effective programmes to help young people obtain suitable qualifications and encourage employers to take on young people -Lack of jobs -Economic crisis -High taxes on work -The existance of the gray economy -Labour laws: -The increase of retirement age -”Special government protection” for employees at the age of 56 -Young people are not active enough

3 Youth unemployment 2000-2013 AGE 2000 2005 2010 2013 15-24 34,1% 34,6%
23,6% 18,3% 25-34 16,2% 16,7% 19,7% 29,7%

4 Unemployed young people according to their education
48,03% primary and lower secondary education 29,91% vocational and general secondary education 17,52% university graduates

5 Unemployed university graduates (Fields of study)
Public Services – 28% Social science - 18% Law – 16% Education – 15% Economics – 12% Administration -12% Humanities 12% These are also the most popular fields of study among Polish young people

6 The sectors the young people look for a job (18-24)
Service sector (gastronomy, retail, hair dressing) -22% Office employment -14% Qualified workers -12% Any kind of job -12%

7 The sectors the young people look for a job (25-34)
Service sector -22% Office job -16% Jobs for specialists -14%

8 Educational BOOM – Steep growth of the proportion of Poles with a higher education -Polish universities produce more educated people than Polish economy needs. -Faculties which are not cost-intensive are the most affected by educational boom; their graduates are much more affected by unemployment than other graduates -Results: -devaluation of university diplomas -youth unemployment (choosing insecure jobs; emmigration)

9 Education vs. Labour market
-53% of young Poles study at the universities right now (with only 12% in 1989) -In the same time, the number of unemployed with university degree has doubled -Every university student is obliged to make practice in a workplace during his education -People from humanistic faculties work under their qualifications The education is unrelated with the market Only 15% of schools cooperate with local enterprises

10 Relations between the education system and employers
27% companies declare involvement in training activities of individuals not employed by them. Larger companies are 10-times more often involved than small or micro-companies Predominance of companies from the public sector. Less than 23% of Polish companies cooperate with a school or a centre for practical training

11 The highest degree of cooperation between companies and schools can be seen in the fields of:
Food processing Food production Mechanics Tourism and hotels

12 Barriers between education and labour market:
-No support from the firms -Companies look for people with practice/practical skills -Companies give young people so called „Garbage contracts” -No links with industry -Overproduction of some professions Labour market needs specialists -Accidental choice of school and future profession

13 Polish political parties ideas on youth unemployment:
- -Reduction of precarious employment -Job guarentee for each graduate leaving education system (using resurces of the Labour Fund -Increasing the minimum wage -Co-financing training for workers from the Labour Fund

14 Public institutions that help unemployed young people:
-Public employment services -The Volunteer Labour Corps -Employment agencies -Training institutions -Local partnership institutions -The Academic Career Bureaux

15 What to do? (Anti-crisis package)
Unemployment benefit: Very few young people qualify for benefits, as they are required to have worked for a period of 12 months during 18 months preceeding their registration as unemployed What to do? (Anti-crisis package) -More flexible management of working time -Temporary reduction in working hours and wages -Financial aid for employers introducing reduced working time -Financial support for those employers who want to increase the human capital of their employees.

16 By: Gimnazjum nr 3 in Tarnobrzeg, Poland


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