2 Application SoftwareConsists of programs designed to make users more productive and/or assist them with personal tasksUsesTo make business activities more efficientTo assist with graphics and multimedia projectsTo support home, personal, and educational taksTo facilitate communications
3 Application Software Forms of Application Software Packaged Custom Mass-produced, copyrighted retail softwareMeets the needs of a variety of usersExample, word processing and spreadsheet softwareCustomPerforms functions specific to a business or industryCompanies use programmers to develop tailor-made softwareOpen-sourceProvided for use, modification, and redistributionNo restrictions from the copyright holder regarding modification of the software’s internal instructions
4 Forms, cont. Shareware Freeware Public-domain Copyrighted software that is distributed at no cost for a trial periodAfter the trial expires, the user sends a payment to the program developer to continue use of the softwareFreewareCopyrighted software provided at no cost by an individual or a companyPublic-domainDonated for public use and has no copyright restrictions
5 System SoftwareSystem Software serves as the interface between the user, the application software, and the computer’s hardware.To use application software (ex. Word), your computer must be running system software- specifically an operating systemExamplesWindows XP, 2000LinuxMac OS X
6 Operating SystemEvery time you start a computer, the operating system is loaded (copied) from the computer’s hard disk into memory.Once that OS is loaded, it coordinates all the activities of the computer.Starting application softwareTransferring data between input and output devices and memoryWhile the computer is running, the OS remains in memory.
7 Working with Application Software The desktop is an on-screen work area that has a graphical user interfaceGUI-Type of interface that allows a user to interact with software using text, graphics, and visual images, such as iconsAn icon is a small image displayed on the screen that represents a program, document, or some other object.A button is a graphical element that you activate to make a specific action take place.A menu contains a list of commands from which you make selectionsA command is an instruction that causes a program to perform a specific action.
8 Working with Application Software A window is a rectangular area of the screen that contains data and informationThe top of the window has a title bar, which is a horizontal space that contains the window’s nameA file is a named collection of stored data, instructions, or information. A file can contain text, images, audio, and video.A file name is a unique combination of letters of the alphabet, numbers, and other characters that identify a file.A dialog box is a special window that provides information, presents available options, or requests a response.
9 Business SoftwareBusiness Software is application software that assists people in becoming more effective and efficient while performing their daily business activities.Programs such as:Word Processing (MS Word)Spreadsheet (MS Excel)Database (MS Access)Presentation Graphics (MS PowerPoint)Software Suite (MS Office 2003)
10 Graphics and Multimedia Software Software designed for a specific field of work such as architects, desktop publishers, and graphic artistsComputer Aided Design (CAD)Desktop Publishing SoftwarePaint/Image Editing SoftwareVideo and Audio Editing SoftwareMultimedia Authoring SoftwareWeb Page Authoring Software
11 Home, Personal, and Educational Software Designed specifically for the home userInexpensive (less than $100)Software suite (MS Works)Personal Finance (Quicken)Tax Prep (TaxCut)Desktop Publishing (The Print Shop)Photo Editing
12 Communications Software Allow users to communicate and share information with othersFTPWeb BrowserVideo ConferencingChat RoomsInstant Messaging
13 Utility Programs Considered system software Assist user with controlling or maintaining the operation of a computer, its devices, or its software.AntivirusSpyware RemoverInternet FiltersPop-up BlockerAnti-Spam
14 Web Applications Application software that runs on a website iNotesMapQuestUser information is stored on a server
15 Memory and Storage Sizes Storage devices hold data, instructions, and information for future use.Memory holds those items temporarily1 kilobyte=1,024 bytes1 megabyte=1,048,576 bytes1 gigabyte=1,073,741,824 bytes1 terabyte=1,099,511,627,776 bytes