Presentation on theme: "MAKING A TRAINING PROGRAMME"— Presentation transcript:
1 MAKING A TRAINING PROGRAMME G.C.S.E PHYSICAL EDUCATION
2 WHY DO WE USE TRAINING PROGRAMMES? To be successful at sport, we need our energy systems and sporting skills at their highest possible level.We can reach these high levels by TRAINING.Training is a regular programme of exercise to improve performance.There are many different methods of training and ways of organising a training programmes.However, they all must follow the PRINCIPLES OF TRAINING.
3 Principles of training All training programmes should be:SPECIFIC – To the individual and the sport they take part in.PROGRESSIVE – Training should be increased at steady rate.OVERLOAD – The body should be made to work harder than usual (F.I.T.T).REVERSIBILITY – Although rest is important, resting for too long will cause the body to lose its fitness levels.Our training programme must also be varied to avoid TEDIUM or boredom. By using a variety of different training methods we ill keep out enthusiasm and motivation.
4 SpecificityAs previously mentioned a training programme must be SPECIFIC to the athlete and the sport they play.One way of doing this is to identify the components of fitness needed for the sport or playing position of the athlete.We must prioritise the COMPONENTS OF FITNESS that are used more regularly as more time should be dedicated to improving these in our training programme.
6 TASKPART AAs a class discuss which components of fitness that a gymnast uses.Put this list in rank by prioritising the component used the most,1 being the most important.PART BChoose a sport that you would write a training programme for. Do the above task but for your sport.
7 TARGET SETTING Targets should be SMART: Specific Measurable When participating in training programmes we should always have clear TARGETS which we wish to achieve. Targets:Help us structure our training programme.Keep us focused on a set goalMotivate us.Can be used as a useful tool in measuring progress.Targets should be SMART:SpecificMeasurableAchievableRealisticTime Phased
8 Task They must follow the SMART principle. Now that you have identified which components of fitness are most important in your sport create 3 targets that you would want to achieve in a training programme for your sport. It could be:They must follow the SMART principle.
9 Methods of trainingSo far we have identified which components of fitness are used most often in our chosen sport and created 3 targets that would help us improve these components.The next stage in creating your training programme is to identify which METHODS OF TRAINING are related to these components of fitness and therefore, which training methods should be included in the training programme.
10 Task - Methods of training A) Match the methods of training on the right to the components of fitness they improve on the left:
11 WRITING A TRAINING PROGRAMME Once you have done the following things…identified the components of fitness used most often in your sport.set clear targets (using SMART)recognised the methods of training needed to improve the selected components of fitness…you are now ready to write your training programme.
12 Example of training programme A footballer needs the following things:Cardiovascular endurance – to be able to last the full 90 minutes.Muscular strength – to protect the ball and have a powerful shot.Speed – to beat other players to the ball.Co-ordination/Skills – to be able to control the ball.They also need flexibility to avoid injury.
13 Example training programme Therefore an example of a week in a trainingprogramme for a footballer would be:MONInterval Training (40mins) Weight Training (1 hour)TUESprint Training (40 mins) Skills Training (1 hour)WEDWeight Training session (1 hour) Flexibility (30 mins)THURFartleck Training (40 mins) Skills Training (1 hour)FRIRestSATMATCHSUNContinuous Run (50 mins) Flexibility Session (30 mins)
14 Monitoring targetsIn order to see if we are achieving our targets we need to test our performance. This should be done:BEFORE we perform our training programme to see our current level.AFTER to see how much we have improved and if our training programme is working.
15 Fitness testingThere are a range of FITNESS TESTS that can be used to assess our ability in the different components of fitness.We must follow the same strict rules when performing fitness tests to ensure the results are:Valid – the test measures what it sets out to measureReliable – if the test was repeated we would get the same results.
16 TaskWhich fitness tests would you use to assess the effectiveness of your training session?HELP:Refer back to the components of fitness you highlighted as important for your sport. Perform the task on the next page to help you work out which fitness tests you should use.
17 Task - fitness testingA) Match the fitness test on the right to the components of fitness they are testing on the left: