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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 1 PRINCIPLES OF EFFECTIVE TEACHING A presentation prepared by Dr. Jim Kauffman University of South Carolina Aiken for teacher candidates in AEDF 321 A presentation prepared by Dr. Jim Kauffman University of South Carolina Aiken for teacher candidates in AEDF 321

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 2 WHAT IS EFFECTIVE TEACHING? IF YOU COULD HIRE A TEACHER FOR YOUR CHILD OR FOR YOUR BEST FRIEND’S CHILD, WHAT CHARACTERISTICS WOULD YOU LOOK FOR?

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 3 WHAT IS EFFECTIVE TEACHING? IF YOU COULD HIRE A TEACHER FOR YOUR CHILD OR FOR YOUR BEST FRIEND’S CHILD, WHAT CHARACTERISTICS WOULD YOU LOOK FOR? WRITE THESE DOWN SHARE YOUR LIST WITH A NEIGHBOR

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 4 WHAT IS EFFECTIVE TEACHING? IF YOU COULD HIRE A TEACHER FOR YOUR CHILD OR FOR YOUR BEST FRIEND’S CHILD, WHAT CHARACTERISTICS WOULD YOU LOOK FOR? WRITE THESE DOWN

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 5 WHAT IS TEACHING? SHARE YOUR DEFINITION IN YOUR CLUSTER

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 6 THE PET TEACHING DEFINITION TEACHING IS A CONSCIOUS STREAM OF DECISIONS, MADE BEFORE, DURING, AND AFTER INSTRUCTION, THE IMPLEMENTATION OF WHICH, WILL INCREASE THE PROBABILITY THAT LEARNING WILL TAKE PLACE. »Madeline Hunter (Modified)

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 7 TEACHING DEFINITION TEACHING IS A CONSCIOUS STREAM OF DECISIONS…

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 8 TEACHING DEFINITION TEACHING IS A CONSCIOUS STREAM OF DECISIONS, MADE BEFORE, DURING, AND AFTER INSTRUCTION,

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 9 TEACHING DEFINITION TEACHING IS A CONSCIOUS STREAM OF DECISIONS, MADE BEFORE, DURING, AND AFTER INSTRUCTION, THE IMPLEMENTATION OF WHICH,THE IMPLEMENTATION OF WHICH,

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 10 TEACHING DEFINITION TEACHING IS A CONSCIOUS STREAM OF DECISIONS, MADE BEFORE, DURING, AND AFTER INSTRUCTION, THE IMPLEMENTATION OF WHICH, WILL INCREASE THE PROBABILITY THAT LEARNING WILL TAKE PLACE.

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 11 TEACHING DEFINITION TEACHING IS A CONSCIOUS STREAM OF DECISIONS, MADE BEFORE, DURING, AND AFTER INSTRUCTION, THE IMPLEMENTATION OF WHICH, WILL INCREASE THE PROBABILITY THAT LEARNING WILL TAKE PLACE. »Madeline Hunter (Modified)

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 12 EFFECTIVE TEACHING DEFINITION EFFECTIVE TEACHING IS A CONSCIOUS STREAM OF GOOD DECISIONS, MADE BEFORE, DURING, AND AFTER INSTRUCTION, THE IMPLEMENTATION OF WHICH, WILL INSURE THE PROBABILITY THAT LEARNING WILL TAKE PLACE AND KNOWLEDGE WILL RETAINED. »Madeline Hunter (Modified)

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 13 THE PURPOSES OF EXAMINING THE PRINCIPLES OF EFFECTIVE TEACHING. 1.TO PROVIDE THE “TOOLS” NECESSARY TO MAKE THE BEST POSSIBLE DECISIONS WHICH WILL ENHANCE THE LEARNING AND RETENTION POTENTIAL OF YOUR STUDENTS.

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 14 THE PURPOSES OF EXAMINING THE PRINCIPLES OF EFFECTIVE TEACHING. 2. TO CONFIRM EFFECTIVE TEACHING BEHAVIOR THAT WAS PREVIOUSLY PERFORMED INTUITIVELY.

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 15 THE PURPOSES OF EXAMINING THE PRINCIPLES OF EFFECTIVE TEACHING. 3. TO IMPROVE YOUR INSTRUCTIONAL, PLANNING, AND DECISION-MAKING REGARDING TEACHING CONTENT AND STRATEGIES.

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 16 THE PURPOSES OF EXAMINING THE PRINCIPLES OF EFFECTIVE TEACHING. 4. TO IMPROVE STUDENT TIME-ON-TASK AND REDUCE CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT PROBLEMS

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 17 THE PURPOSES OF EXAMINING THE PRINCIPLES OF EFFECTIVE TEACHING. 5. TO IMPROVE COMMUNICATION BETWEEN TEACHERS THROUGH THE USE OF COMMON TERMINOLOGY.

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 18 TOTAL TEACHING ACT

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 19 TOTAL TEACHING ACT 1. SELECTING THE OBJECTIVE

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 20 TOTAL TEACHING ACT 1. SELECTING THE OBJECTIVE 2. CREATING FOCUS

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 21 TOTAL TEACHING ACT 1. SELECTING THE OBJECTIVE 2. CREATING FOCUS 3. TEACHING TO THE OBJECTIVE

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 22 TOTAL TEACHING ACT 1. SELECTING THE OBJECTIVE 2. CREATING FOCUS 3. TEACHING TO THE OBJECTIVE 4.REINFORCING FOCUS

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 23 TOTAL TEACHING ACT 1. SELECTING THE OBJECTIVE 2. CREATING FOCUS 3. TEACHING TO THE OBJECTIVE 4.REINFORCING FOCUS 5. REFLECTING ON WHAT WORKED AND WHAT DIDN’T

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 24 CREATING FOCUS THE ANTICIPATORY SET 1.GIVE A “STATEMENT OF LEARNING” 2.INVOLVING THE LEARNERS 3.RELATING THE LEARNING TO THE STUDENTS EXPERIENCES (PAST PRESENT AND FUTURE)

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 25 AT HEART OF WHAT WE DO IS TEACHING TO THE OBJECTIVE (T 2 O)

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 26 WHAT DO WE MEAN, TEACHING TO THE OBJECTIVE?

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 27 WHAT DO WE MEAN, TEACHING TO THE OBJECTIVE? PUTTING IN PLACE A SERIES OF SPECIFIC ACTIONS A TEACHER CAN TAKE, THAT WILL ENHANCE THE LEARNING OF STUDENTS.

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 28 THE FOUR COMPONENTS OF T 2 O 1. WAYS OF EXPLAINING 2. METHODS OF QUESTIONING 3.TYPES OF ACTIVITIES 4.WAYS OF RESPONDING

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 29 THE FIRST ELEMENT OF T 2 0 IS EXPLANATION 1. CONTENT 2.DEFINITIONS 3.EXAMPLES 4. MODELING 5.PROCESS

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 30 THE FIRST ELEMENT OF T 2 0 IS EXPLANATION EXPLANATION IS GIVING THE LEARNER THE INFORMATION NEEDED IN ORDER TO REACH THE OBJECTIVE

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 31 FIVE THERE ARE FIVE ELEMENTS OF EXPLANATION. THE FIRST IS... 1. CONTENT CONTENT IS INFORMATION WHICH ADDS MEANING AND PURPOSE TO THE EXPLANATION.

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 32 2. DEFINITION PRESENTING THE MEANINGS OF ANY NEW WORDS, TERMS, SYMBOLS, OR SIGNS RELEVANT TO THE NEW LEARNING. THERE ARE FIVE ELEMENTS OF EXPLANATION. THE SECOND IS...

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 33 THERE ARE FIVE ELEMENTS OF EXPLANATION. THE THIRD IS... 3. EXAMPLE AN EXAMPLE IS REPRESENTATIVE OF A GROUP AS A WHOLE; SERVES AS A PATTERN OF A SPECIFIC KIND; OR A CASE OR SITUATION SERVING AS A MODEL.

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 34 THERE ARE FIVE ELEMENTS OF EXPLANATION. THE FOURTH IS... 4. MODELING PERFORMING AN ACTION TO BE COPIED

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 35 THERE ARE FIVE ELEMENTS OF EXPLANATION. THE FIFTH IS... 5. PROCESS DEMONSTRATING STEP BY STEP PROCEDURES

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 36 THE FIVE ELEMENTS OF EXPLANATION 1. EXPLANATION 2.DEFINITION 3.EXAMPLES 4. MODELING 5.PROCESS

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 37 THE FOUR COMPONENTS OF T 2 O 1. WAYS OF EXPLAINING 2. METHODS OF QUESTIONING 3.TYPES OF ACTIVITIES 4.WAYS OF RESPONDING

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 38 THE TWO METHODS OF QUESTIONING 1.QUESTIONS DIRECTED TO THE INDIVIDUAL 2.QUESTIONS DIRECTED TO THE CLASS

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 39 QUESTIONING QUESTIONS SERVE TO CHECK UNDERSTANDING AND OBTAINING ACTIVE PARTICIPATION OF STUDENTS.

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 40 THE SECOND ELEMENTOF T 2 0 IS QUESTIONING

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 41 METHODS OF QUESTIONING 1. QUESTIONS DIRECTED TO THE INDIVIDUAL 2. QUESTIONS DIRECTED TO THE CLASS

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 42 METHODS OF QUESTIONING 1. QUESTIONS DIRECTED TO THE INDIVIDUAL

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 43 METHODS OF QUESTIONING 2. QUESTIONS DIRECTED TO THE CLASS

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 44 THE FOUR COMPONENTS OF T 2 O 1. WAYS OF EXPLAINING 2. METHODS OF QUESTIONING 3.TYPES OF ACTIVITIES 4.WAYS OF RESPONDING

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 45 THE THIRD ELEMENT OF T 2 0 IS ACTIVITY

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 46 TYPES OF ACTIVITIES GUIDED ACTIVITIES GROUP ACTIVITIES ACTIVITY CONTINUM

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 47 TYPES OF ACTIVITIES GUIDED ACTIVITIES

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 48 TYPES OF ACTIVITIES GUIDED ACTIVITIES GROUP ACTIVITIES

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 49 ACTIVITY CONTINUUM TEACHER + STUDENT TEACHER

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 50 THE FOUR COMPONENTS OF T 2 O 1. WAYS OF EXPLAINING 2. METHODS OF QUESTIONING 3.TYPES OF ACTIVITIES 4.WAYS OF RESPONDING

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 51 WAYS OF RESPONDING TO THE “LEARNER” IN TERMS OF THE LEARNING WRONG ANSWERS CORRECT ANSWERS

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 52 THE FOURTH ELEMENT OF T 2 0 IS RESPONDING TO THE LEARNER

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 53 WAYS OF RESPONDING TO THE “LEARNER”... WRONG ANSWER CORRECT ANSWER YES! THAT IS AN ANSWER, BUT…..

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 54 YOU’VE JUST REVIEWED THE FOUR COMPONENTS OF T 2 O! 1. WAYS OF EXPLAINING 2. METHODS OF QUESTIONING 3.TYPES OF ACTIVITIES 4.WAYS OF RESPONDING

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 55 REINFORCING FOCUS “CLOSURE” 1. SUMMARIZING THE LEARNING 2. INVOLVING THE LEARNERS

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 56 YEA!! WE’VE COMPLETED AN “AMERICAN LESSON LINE”

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Dr. Jim Kauffman Principles for Effective Teaching Slide 57

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