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The French and Indian War
Britain, France (& Spain) fought to be world’s strongest empire –Mercantilist economics –Wars of conquest British / French Rivalry
King William’s War (1689-1697) Queen Anne’s War (1702-1713) King George's War (1743-1748) –Both sides used natives –Treaties traded lands several times British / French Rivalry
King William’s War (1689-1697) Queen Anne’s War (1702-1713) King George's War (1743-1748) –Both sides used natives –Treaties traded lands several times Great Expulsion
Brits took E Canada (1755) –French called it Acadie –Expelled French settlers –Many moved to LA –Acadians Cajuns Great Expulsion
French Colonies in America French claimed Mississippi River and all tributaries British expansion to Ohio River Territory skirmishes
The 1 st battle – 1754 French Ft. Duquesne on land VA had claimed VA sent troops to defend claims –22 y/o Col. George Washington They fought, French won
The 2 nd battle – 1755 Brit Gen Braddock attacked Ft. Duquesne French & Natives ambushed, British ran away, Braddock KIA
Fighting methods Natives & French: –Guerilla fighting British trouble –Difference from Europe
Albany Plan of Union Benjamin Franklin Northern 7 colonies Unified colonial “grand council”
Albany Plan of Union Rejected by colonies Rejected by British
Albany Plan of Union Franklin – colonial cooperation –Encouraged by British –7 colonies –One –Recruiting troops, taxing for war
William Pitt New UK PM Strong leader Brits captured: –Ft. Duquesne –Nova Scotia –Quebec –Montreal Drove out French
Treaty of Paris 1763 GB got from France & Spain: –Canada –All land E of Mississippi R –Florida
Treaty of Paris 1763 GB: religious freedom for Canadian Catholics –Stop possible revolts –Angered anti-Cat colonists
Pontiac’s Rebellion Brits went W, no gifts for native land Ohio Valley tribes – Pontiac leader Defeated by Brit regulars / not colonies
Proclamation of 1763 Avoid further battles with natives Settlement west of Appalachians banned Colonists denied spoils of war
Postwar perceptions - Brits Naval superiority & power in N Am Colonists can’t defend themselves –Must station troops permanently –Too costly – colonies should pay
Postwar perceptions - Colonies Proud of success –Result of colonial contributions –Brit regulars can’t fight in frontier
French and Indian War.
“The Great War for Empire”
Chapter 7 Causes of the Revolution Lesson 1 The French and Indian War
The French and Indian War
Unit 4 Chapter 8 Lesson 1 Pages
North America in 1750 Causes of the French and Indian War? North America in 1750 Causes of the French and Indian War?
The French and Indian War (A.K.A. 7-Years’ War). Tension between England and France 1. The tensions are mostly about the land west of the English settlement.
France and Britain Clash in America. England and France competing to be most powerful, fighting each other throughout world France controls Ohio River.
The Colonies Unite Fighting for Control
Essential Question: How did imperial competition between Britain & France lead to the French & Indian War?
Seven Years’ War or French & Indian War Mr. Owens.
Section 3. The English and French created rival empires in North America. The competition between these two European empires often led to war. The.
between Britain and France (63) colonies supporting Britain
The French & Indian War.
WELCOME Today you will need to get out the note packet from yesterday. Each group will need one white board and dry erase marker.
FRENCH & INDIAN WAR. French & English compete for American soil FRANCE – claim Ohio Valley, Mississippi Valley & Great Lakes ◦ `New France`- Ohio.
THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR France Claims Western Lands France claimed the Ohio Valley, the Mississippi Valley, and Great Lakes region The territory.
French and Indian War. The French and the English had been fighting each other in Europe for many years and this carried over to the colonies.
I. TROUBLE ON THE FRONTIER A.Colonists’ Relations with American Indians – Chief Massasoit of the Wampanoag Indians made a peace agreement with the.
The Duel for North America: In the late 17 th and early 18 th centuries the major powers in Europe (Great Britain, France and Spain) fought a.
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