Presentation on theme: "Every Face Tells A Story. WHAT IS A PORTRAIT? A portrait is defined as a likeness of a person, especially of the person’s face A photographic portrait."— Presentation transcript:
WHAT IS A PORTRAIT? A portrait is defined as a likeness of a person, especially of the person’s face A photographic portrait is understood to be a good quality image that not only captures a person’s physical likeness but also something of the person’s character
CAPTURING CHARACTER Character is by definition: The combination of qualities or features that distinguishes one person, group, or thing from another To capture character in a photograph consider the following: Personality Attitude Unique mannerisms, features, or traits of the person
Choose the environment Careful consideration the environment in which you are taking the portrait The environment contributes positively or negatively to the surroundings and background quality of the photograph It may also contribute to building the character quality of the portrait WHERE TO START
Camera Angles The angle at which you take the portrait can change the impression given by that person Try many different angles to capture different view points Ask yourself, which angle works best to capture that individual portrait requirements?
Camera Angles High Angle Portraits Will emphasize the face more than the body Can help the subject appear slimmer Can make the person appear smaller and create a feeling of vulnerability Low Angle Portraits Can make a person look taller, or seem as if they are more powerful Not very flattering for most people (the body appears larger than the head and face) Often used for portraits of presidents, athletes and leaders
Camera Angles Eye-Level Portraits The most common camera angle used in portrait photography Can make the viewer feel like he or she is in the same space as the subject Canted Angle Portraits The camera is tilted to one side so that the picture plane is no longer parallel to the horizon Can create a feeling of excitement, imbalance, transition and instability
Facial Views Simply put, facial view is what portion or angle of the face is showing towards the camera. The four mains facial views used in portraiture are: Full Face 3/4 View 2/3 View Profile
Facial Views Full face is where your subject’s nose is pointing directly towards the lens. You see equal amounts of both sides of their face. 3/4 view is where your subject turns their face just slightly in one direction until you cannot see the far ear any more.
Facial Views 2/3 view is where the subject continues to turn their head until the line of the nose is almost touching the outline of their cheek on the far side. Profile is where the subject’s face is turned 90 degrees, with their nose pointing sideways. Only one eye and one side of their face can be seen.
Natural Light Pros: Beautiful overall light that cannot be achieved in a studio environment Beautiful background and surroundings that cannot be accomplished in a studio (e.g. a garden or an interesting building) It’s free and accessible to everyone It’s simple – you don’t have to learn how to use studio lighting equipment Cons: You do not have full control over the lighting conditions Weather conditions can often be unpredictable LIGHTING Natural vs. Artificial There are definite benefits to both forms of lighting
Artificial Light Pros: Total control of the lighting situation Combine many light sources along with other equipment to create the desired effect. Don’t have to worry about the weather The environment can be created and left for endless periods of time Can be photographed at any time of the day It’s a private environment Cons: Does not have the benefits of natural light such as overall soft lighting Desired lighting effects requires more work and technical knowledge More expense to have necessary equipment and to maintain a studio space
STUDIO LIGHTING 3-Point Lighting Three-point lighting is a standard method used in visual media such as photography, video, and film. By using three separate lighting positions, photographers can illuminate their subjects however they want, while also controlling (or eliminating) the shadows produced by direct lighting.
3-Point Lighting Backlight : Shines on the subject from behind Separates the subject from the background Gives the subject a rim of light and highlights the contours
3-Point Lighting Key Light : Placed in front of the subject and off to one side Serves as the main light source Creates dramatic shadows
3-Point Lighting Fill Light : Placed on the opposite side of the Key Light Used to fill in the shadows Usually a softer light and not as bright
3-Point Lighting Used properly, three-point lighting has the power to transform an otherwise boring and flat image into a dynamic interesting image with a subject that “pops”.
3-Point Lighting A Common Misconception with Three Point Lighting You don’t really need three separate lights to use 3 point lighting. Here’s a common technique that actually requires zero lights… Go outside in the late afternoon, when the sun is about 45 degrees up in the sky, and photograph a friend. Place your friend with their back to the sun, and put your camera in front of them. With the sun behind them, they’ll have a beautiful glow around their hair and shoulders. This gives the effect of the back light in a 3 point lighting setup. The sun is the back light. Now have someone hold a reflector off to the side, out of the frame. Reflect some of the sunlight into your friend’s face. This reflected light acts like a key light to model their face. What about the fill light? Nature will do its job. The sunlight will reflect off the grass, off the sidewalk, off the sky and clouds, creating an ambient light that will help fill in the shadows. See? You have now created a three point lighting setup without having to purchase any lights.
Portrait Photography Assignment – part 1 (Outside of class) Required Photographs: Self Portrait In this particular circumstance you will need assistances with taking the photograph. You are however responsible for setting up the environment, lighting, and camera angles. There will be a journal entry for this photograph that will record the process of photographing your self portrait. Portraits Young person or a baby Grown up with indication of their job or an activity of interest Person with a prized position Total Number of Portraits: 4
Portrait Photography Assignment – part 2 (Studio Lighting, In class) Working with a partner, have 4 pictures taken of yourself in a Portrait Studio setting. First, take a photo of yourself using key light only to create a portrait with dramatic shadows. Next, use a key light & fill light to take the following 3 photos: 1) Front view portrait 2) 3/4 or 2/3 portrait 3) Profile portrait Ensure proper lighting is used to avoid shadows Use Photoshop to enhance colours, tone and replace the background. Total Number of Portraits: 4
References for Photographing Articles Using your compact camera http://www.phototechnique.com/how-to/using-compact-cameras-to-take-dslr-quality-images/ http://www.articlesnatch.com/Article/Portrait-Photography-Using-A-Compact-Camera/1776192 Video’s Framing and Point of View http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eyqOEXGCQk0 Lighting http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u9prcUCHlqM http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tin5q2-yPew Tip’s and Inspiration http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WAiEhOhr5l0