Presentation on theme: "Photography Merit Badge"— Presentation transcript:
1 Photography Merit Badge This template can be used as a starter file for a photo album.
2 Here’s what we’re gonna talk about……. * A brief History of Photography * Camera Types * Essentials of a Photo * Parts of a camera * Digital vs Film Cameras * Telling a story with Photos * Photography Careers * Final MB Requirement assignment
3 PHOTOGRAPHY A Brief History First use of “Pinhole” camera in 4th & 5Th century BC in China.1st printed images on pewter made in France in 1826 by Joseph Niepce.Daguerreotypes invented in Paris by Louis Daguerre in 1839.
4 PHOTOGRAPHY A Brief History 1839 – Glass negatives invented by John Herschel in USA.1854 – First pictures printed on paper as “carte de visite”1861 – First color photograph1887– Film invented1900 – Brownie camera by Eastman Kodak Co.1925 – 35mm film for still pictures
5 PHOTOGRAPHY A Brief History 1948 – Polaroid introduces “Instant” photography1981 – First digital portable camera invented1991 – First professional digital cameras – Cost = $13,0001999 – Mega-pixel cameras (2.75 mega=pixels)2008 – Polaroid discontinues “Instant” picturesToday – Digital photography as high as 26 mega-pixelsToday – HDR Photography
6 Camera Types Cartridge Film Cameras: Kodak “Instamatic” – 126 CartridgePocket Cameras – 110 CartridgeDisc Cameras – Disc Cartridge FilmLarge Format “Bellows” Film Cameras:4X5 Sheet Film Cameras
7 Camera Types Roll Film Cameras: Digital Cameras: Medium Format Camera – 120mm & 220mm Roll Film35mm SLR Cameras – 35mm FilmDigital Cameras:Pocket Sized – 3–18 MP, 3-15x optical/digital zoomDigital SLR Cameras – 5-26 MP, Inter-changeable lensesStill/Video Digital Cameras – Shoots both still and Video Images
8 Essentials of a PhotoNatural light vs Artificial light
9 Essentials of a Photo Aperture and What’s an F stop? Aperture All lenses for cameras have an opening size in the lens to let in light.Some cameras have a fixed size and some have adjustable sizes.The adjustment happens in the lens, but is changed outside the lens.F/8 is most common size used, but adjustments include…. F/1.4, F/2, F/2.4, F/4, F/5.6 F/8, F/11, F/16, F/22 – These are the F stopsThe smaller the F stop # the bigger the lens opening is going to be. The bigger the opening the more light gets into the camera to create a picture.
10 Essentials of a Photo Shutter Speed The speed of how quickly the shutter opens and closes.Determines how long film or sensors are exposed to light.Measured in factions of a second.Fixed shutter speeds are usually set at 1/60th to 1/200th of a secondAdjustable speeds can be from 10 seconds to 1/2000thThe faster the speed, the more capability to “stop” motion in a moving subject.Slower speeds can simulate motion, but will be blurry.
11 Essentials of a Photo Depth of Field How sharp (focus) a photograph is from foreground to backgroundA “shallow” depth of field = only the subject is in focusA “long” depth of field = entire photo is in focus front to backDepth is adjusted by the aperture size of the lensThe smaller the aperture (higher # i.e. F/22), the greater the depthRequires move available light to use smaller aperture
12 Essentials of a Photo Composition Basics of lining up your photo through the view finder before taking your picture.The Rule of Thirds……
15 Essentials of a Photo Composition Basics of lining up your photo through the view finder before taking your picture.Leading Lines….Creating lines within your photography that causes the viewers eye to look through the picture.
18 Essentials of a Photo Composition Basics of lining up your photo through the view finder before taking your picture.Framing…… the technique of drawing attention to the subject of your image by blocking other parts of the image with something in the scene.
21 Essentials of a Photo Composition Basics of lining up your photo through the view finder before taking your picture.Angle of view…. the amount of a scene a photograph captures and can be measured vertically, horizontally or diagonally. Also known as angle of coverage or field of view, angle of view changes given the type of lens a photographer uses.
27 Additional Camera Tools TripodCable ReleaseFiltersCleaning KitSelf Timer
28 Digital vs Film Advantages of Digital vs Film View your photo immediatelyPrint your pictures at home on your printerCan shoot Video and Still on same cameraMake picture enhancements on your computerSmaller and lighter camerasRechargeable batteriesMore detailed pictures than film at high MPEasier to share photos with othersPictures last longerEasier to manage and store pictures
29 Digital vs Film Disadvantages of Digital vs Film Higher cost on batteriesMore effort to print picturesCameras are more expensiveDo not get to have a “Darkroom” in your houseNo choices in film sizes for greater detail
30 Telling A Story with Pictures Photojournalism TechniquesEstablishing shotStarts off your story with an overview of the story you are going to tellBaseball game
31 Telling A Story with Pictures Photojournalism TechniquesDetailsPictures of things you liked, found interesting or documented your storyBaseball game
32 Telling A Story with Pictures Photojournalism TechniquesClosingPictures of things that sum up your story, your favorite thing about the story or what was the most important thing to you.Baseball game
33 Photography CareersThere are many career choices in Photography. This is a list of some of the most common careers.PhotojournalistCommercial PhotographerIndustrial PhotographerFashion PhotographyArt PhotographerPhoto EditorPhoto DesignMake up artistAssistant PhotographerPortrait PhotographerWedding PhotographerPhoto Lab Tech
34 Final Assignment to complete your Photography Merit Badge Take pictures of a family, school, church or social event that you attend.Keep in mind that you want to tell a story using your photographs.Print your pictures and lay them out on a presentation board in a way that tells your story.Use techniques and ideas we have discussedBring your story board to Scout meeting to share your story.