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Green Industry & Green Job Statistics in Republic of Korea

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Presentation on theme: "Green Industry & Green Job Statistics in Republic of Korea"— Presentation transcript:

1 Green Industry & Green Job Statistics in Republic of Korea
Jaewon Lee ILO / Statistics Korea

2 Contents 1. Introduction 2. Green Industry and Green Products
3. Environment Industry Survey 4. Green Job Appendix 1: Classification of Green Products Appendix 2: Question for Green Industry (2010 Economic Census)

3 1. Introduction “Green Growth with Low Carbon” as a new national vision Focus on synergistic relationship between economic growth and environmental protection Activities to measure green economy Green industry Census: Green industry statistics by economic census Sample survey: Environment industry survey Classification: Green products and Environment industry classification Green job Estimation: By the sales ratio of green product at establishment unit (economy census) Survey: Question for number of environment workers (sample survey) Research: Green job classification

4 2. Green Industry and Green Products
Conceptual Definition Green Industry: Industrial activities for achieving green growth with low carbon by producing following green products; Enhancing efficiencies of energy and resources Minimizing environmental pollution Protecting or improving the environment Classification of Green Products (Goods and Services) 4 categories (15 groups, and 47 minor groups) according to purposes, functions or other characteristics of green products Green Energy Pollution Control Enhancement of Energy Efficiency Enhancement of Resource Efficiency

5 2. Green Industry and Green Products
Survey Framework Designed for the Economic Census of 2010 Questions on green activities; Category of green industry which activity belongs to Detailed descriptions of green goods or services Sales of green products Coverage: Establishments for 9 main industries Editing process External information from registered data from industry associations and government organizations Lists of establishments with a green certificate by “Green Technology Certification” Act and “Eco-Energy Efficiency Certification” Regulation

6 Category of green products
Sales and Its Share of Green Product (Unit: Billion Won, %) Industry (ISIC Rev. 4) Category of green products Sub-total Green energy Pollution control Energy efficiency Resource efficiency Sales totaled in 9 industries (Billion Won) 92,501 19,943 21,557 28,167 22,834 B. Mining and quarrying & C. Manufacturing 41,397 8,504 7,033 17,501 8,360 D. Electricity, gas, steam, and water supply 11,133 7,101 10 4,022 - E. Sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 12,259 23 6,874 5,362 F. Construction 15,408 2,442 4,946 302 7,718 M. Professional, scientific and technical activities 10,987 1,854 2,573 6,085 476 Other Industries (A, N, J) 1,316 18 121 257 919 Shares by category in 9 industries (%) 100.0 21.6 23.3 30.5 24.7 20.5 17.0 42.3 20.2 63.8 0.1 36.1 0.2 56.1 43.7 15.9 32.1 2.0 50.1 16.9 23.4 55.4 4.3 1.4 9.2 19.6 69.9

7 3. Environment Industry Survey
Survey Framework Conducted annually since 2005 By Ministry of Environment and Korea Environment Corporation Sample Size: 34,000 establishments (2011) Coverage Pollution Management Group: Production of equipment and specific materials, Construction and installation, Provision services Resource Management Group: Water supply, Recycled materials Excluded “Cleaner technologies and products group” Classification: Special classification for environment industry based on “The Environmental Good & Service Industry Manual”(OECD, EUROSTAT) No. of environment industry classification categories: 148 (5 digits) 6

8 Estimation of Green Job Survey for Environment Workers
Green employment as green jobs (economic census) Assumption: ‘the sales ratio of green products equals to the employment ratio for production of these green products at establishment unit’ * Green jobs might be jobs allocated for production of green goods or services Question for number of environment workers in establishment (Annual survey for environment industry) Produce statistical tables by environment industries Survey for Environment Workers

9 4. Green Job Green Jobs by Industry (2010 Economic Census)
(Unit: Thousand person, %) Industry (ISIC Rev. 4) Whole employment Green jobs (Share) jobs ratio Total (9 industries) 6,033.5 322.8 (100) 5.4 B. Mining and quarrying & C. Manufacturing 2,980.5 105.2 (32.6) 3.5 D. Electricity, gas, steam, water supply 65.0 11.1 ( 3.4) 17.0 E. Sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 63.8 59.2 (18.3) 92.8 F. Construction 1,066.7 79.9 (24.7) 7.5 M. Professional, scientific and technical activities 648.0 56.0 (17.4) 8.6 Other Industries (A, N, J) 1,209.5 11.5 ( 3.6) 1.0

10 4. Green Job Research for classification Researches conducted by the Korea Employment Information Service ( ) Research Methods Previous related studies: UNEP, ILO, BLS, Australia*, etc. * Who are the green collar workers? (Ehmcke W., 2009) Green Job Survey : name of green job, job description, required education and major, qualification, required skill, share of green job among whole responsibility, etc. * Sample size: 144 establishments selected from the list of several registered data Others: Interviews with experts and personal managers in green industry, occupational dictionary 9

11 Major & sub-major groups
4. Green Job Research for classification Research outputs No. of green job International standards for green job classification Needs, possibilities, responsibilities, international cooperation, etc. Major & sub-major groups Minor groups (3 digits) Unit groups (4 digits) Under Unit groups 21 50 86 371 Discussion Topic 10

12 Appendix1 : Classification of Green Products
Classification of Green Products (Category 1 & 2) Category (4) Group (15) Minor Group (47) 1. Green Energy 11. Renewable Solar energy, Solar heat, Wind power, Bio energy, Ocean energy, Geothermal heat, Water power, Waste energy, Other renewable energy (9) 12. New Energy  Fuel cell, Hydrogen energy, Clean fossil energy (3) 13. Other Green Energy Nuclear power (1) 2. Pollution Control 21. Air Pollution CO2 treatment, Non-CO2 treatment (2) 22. Waste/Waste Resource Collecting or Recycling waste/waste resource, Waste/Waste Resource treatment, Other services on Waste (3) 23. Soil/Water Wastewater/Excrement treatment, Water purification, Soil purification and eco-friendly detergent, Other purification activity (4) 24. Other Pollution Eco-friendly agricultural production, Purifying indoor air, Noise/Vibration reduction, Other control activity (4)

13 Appendix1 : Classification of Green Products
Classification of Green Products (Category 3 & 4) Category Group Minor Group 3. Enhancement of Energy Efficiency 31. Green Home & Green Commercial New light source with high-efficiency, Home appliance with high- energy efficiency, Other energy appliance (3) Green Transportation Green car, Intelligent transportation system, Other green transportation (3) 33. Green Architecture Building with high-energy efficiency (1) 34. Other Energy IT on Power, Energy storage, Green computing/SW, Other activity with energy efficiency (3) 4. Enhancement of Resource 41. Water Resource Ocean resource, Water reuse, Leakage protection and water saving (3) 42. Forest Resource Recycling waste paper/timber, Establishment of Green space, Forest resource management (3) 43. Mineral Resource Recycling or Remanufacturing mineral resource (1) 44. Other Resource Ecosystem protection, Preservation of biological diversity, Natural disaster prevention (3)

14 Appendix 2: Question for green industry
2010 Economic Census * Green Industry Activities refers to activities achieving low carbon green growth by enhancing efficiency in energy and resources, by minimizing emission of greenhouse gas and polluting materials, and by manufacturing products or providing services that can improve the environment. 14. Green Industry Activities Involvement Involved in Green Industry Activities Please select all green industry fields that apply to your establishment. Products or services related to new renewable energy and clean energy (Photovoltaic power, solar, thermal, wind, hydrogen fuel cell, fuel cell, bio energy, etc.) Products or services related to greenhouse gas reduction or containment (Carbon capture & storage, nuclear plant, nuclear fuel, etc.) Products or services related to improving energy efficiency (high energy efficiency products/LED, green car, green IT, green equipments, eco-friendly construction materials, advanced materials, etc.) Products or services related to improving resource efficiency (environmental protection and improvement equipment, clean production, organic produce, recycled waste, etc. ) 2. Please list detailed information on green industry products and/or services 3. Please indicate green industry sales as % of total turn over % (2) Not Involved (rounded to whole number)

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