Presentation on theme: "Focus: Waves Objective: Compare the properties of waves to the wavelike property of energy in earthquakes, light and sound. EQ: What are the 2 kinds of."— Presentation transcript:
Focus: Waves Objective: Compare the properties of waves to the wavelike property of energy in earthquakes, light and sound. EQ: What are the 2 kinds of mechanical waves? How are they similar? How are they different?
Vocabulary to Know What is a wave? A wave is a type of energy. Waves transfer energy not matter. Examples: In the OceanIn the Clouds Earthquake
The water waves below are carrying energy but are not moving. Waves can only exist as they have energy to carry.
Waves are started by a force. Let’s look at a slinky. When you shake a slinky, it creates a wave. In this case, we created a force by moving the slinky. Waves move away from the force. Force Direction of the wave
When a force creates a wave, energy moves not matter. The force makes the atoms in the matter vibrate. The vibration causes them to bump into each other like dominoes, sending the wave down the line. But the matter itself stays in the same spot. Let’s try it!
What are mechanical waves? Mechanical waves travel through a medium. A medium is a kind of matter like water, air, or glass. What are the two kinds of mechanical waves? Transverse Waves In a transverse wave the matter in the wave moves up and down at a right angle to the direction of the wave.
Transverse Waves: In a transverse wave the matter in the wave moves up and down at a right angle (perpendicular) to the direction of the wave The wave is moving away from the force. The energy is moving up and down, perpendicular to the wave’s direction.
Which direction is the energy in the wave going? [ (away from the moving hand) / (toward the moving hand) ] How can you tell? _______________________________________________________ What is the medium for this wave? __________________________________________ Which direction is the medium moving?_______________________________________ What type of wave is this? _________________________________________________ SHOW WHAT YOU KNOW:
Example of a transverse wave: Give me the gist. In your interactive notebook, write a definition of a transverse wave is in 20 words or less.
What is the second kind of mechanical wave? Longitudinal Waves (Compression Waves) In a longitudinal wave the matter in the wave moves back and forth parallel to the direction of the wave
The energy moves in the same direction as the wave.
Sound waves are longitudinal. Longitudinal waves Transverse waves
Which direction is the energy in the wave going? [ (away from the moving hand) / (toward the moving hand) ] How can you tell? _______________________________________________________ What is the medium for this wave? __________________________________________ Which direction is the medium moving?_______________________________________ What type of wave is this? _________________________________________________ Compared to the direction of the energy, the medium moved in what direction? __________________________________________________________ SHOW WHAT YOU KNOW:
Gist of a longitudinal wave. Think-pair-share Share out
Seismic waves are what we call the waves that happen during an earthquake. When an earthquake happens, energy waves vibrates through the earth’s crust as the crust bends or breaks.
During an earthquake, there are both: Transverse waves Longitudinal waves
Which wave travels faster? Think-Pair-Share: Think about the slinky Let’s find out! –Human wave activity Since the energy is traveling the fastest way it can (in a straight line), the longitudinal wave is faster than the transverse wave. It gets from the force to the stopping point first. It is the first wave you feel in an earthquake. The transverse wave takes more time and energy to go perpendicular to the direction of the wave. You feel this wave second in an earthquake. It is sometimes called the “aftershock”.
Which wave does more damage? Think-Pair-Share: W rite the questions and answer them in your interactive notebook. 1.Which wave do you think would do more damage to a city? 2.Why do you think so? Let’s find out! –Human wave activity with buildings
What are the parts of a wave? Transverse wave The crest is the highest point on a transverse wave. The trough is the lowest point on a transverse wave. The rest position of the wave is called the node or nodal line.
What do we call the tops and bottoms of waves? The top of the wave is the CREST. The bottom of the wave is the TROUGH. Vocabulary to Know CREST TROUGH
What are the parts of a wave? Transverse wave The wavelength is the distance from one point on the wave to the same point on the next wave.
Compressional Longitudinal wave On a compressional wave the area squeezed together is called the compression. The areas spread out are called the rarefaction. The wavelength is the distance from the center of one compression to the center of the next compression.
The amplitude of a transverse wave is determined by the height of the crest or depth of the trough
What is amplitude? Amplitude is the height of the wave. It is how high and how low the waves go. Vocabulary to Know How high does it go? How low does it go?
What is wavelength? Wavelength is a measure of distance, so the units for wavelength are always distance units, such as meter, centimeters, millimeters, etc.
What is wave frequency? Frequency is the number of waves that pass through a point in one second. The unit for frequency is waves per second or Hertz (Hz). One Hz = One wave per second. Wavelength and frequency are inversely related. The smaller the wavelength, the more times it will pass through a point in one second. The larger the wavelength, the fewer times it will pass through a point in one second.
What is frequency? Frequency is the number of crests OR troughs in a given space or time. Vocabulary to Know How many troughs? http://id.mind.net/~zona/mstm/physics/waves/introduction/introductionWaves.html How many crests? 3 3
Frequency is the number of waves (vibrations) that pass through a point in one second. Period is the time it takes for one full wavelength to pass a certain point. Frequency is waves per second. Period is seconds per wave.
A wave moving through a medium travels at a certain speed. This is Wave Speed. Wave speed is usually measured in meters/second, but may be measured using other distance units (such as centimeters per second). How is Wave Speed calculated? Wave speed is calculated as the product of a waves frequency and wavelength. Wavelength is represented by the Greek letter lambda (λ) and frequency is represented by (f)