Presentation on theme: "Grade 12 Subject Specific Ministry Training Sessions"— Presentation transcript:
1 Grade 12 Subject Specific Ministry Training Sessions SCIENCEASSESSMENT & EVALUATION
2 The primary purpose of assessment and evaluation is to improve student learning (Program Planning and Assessment policy document, page 13)
3 Assessment and Evaluation Determines students strengths and weaknesses in achieving course expectationsGuides teachers in adapting curriculum and instructional approaches to students’ needsAssesses the overall effectiveness of programs and classroom practices(Program Planning and Assessment policy document, page 13)
4 Program Planning and Assessment Policy Document (page 13) Assessment is the process of gathering information from a variety of sources that accurately reflects how well a student is achieving the curriculum expectations in a course.Evaluation refers to the process of judging the quality of student work on the basis of established criteria, and assigning a value to represent that quality. In Ontario secondary schools, the value assigned will be in the form of a percentage grade.
5 Improving student learning Assessment and evaluation strategies:address both what students learn and how well they learn;are varied in nature, administered over a period of time, and designed to provide opportunities for students to demonstrate the full range of their learning;are appropriate for the learning activities used, the purposes of instruction, and the needs and experiences of the students;(Program Planning and Assessment policy document, page 13)These principles are based on the Program Planning & Assessment document 2000.
6 Improving student learning Assessment and evaluation strategies:are fair to all students;accommodate the needs of exceptional students, consistent with the strategies outlined in their Individual Education Plan;accommodate the needs of students who are learning the language of instruction;(Program Planning and Assessment policy document, page 13)
7 Improving student learning Assessment and evaluation strategies:ensure that each student is given clear directions for improvement;promote students’ ability to assess their own learning and to set specific goals;include the use of samples of students’ work that provide evidence of their achievement;are communicated clearly to students and parents at the beginning of the course and at appropriate points throughout the course.(Program Planning and Assessment policy document, page 13)
8 Achievement ChartThe expectations must be assessed and evaluated across four levels according to the four science categories:knowledge/understandinginquirycommunicationmaking connectionsThis also applies to the SIS’s (Scientific Investigative Skills).
9 Diagnostic Assessment Formative AssessmentSummative AssessmentAssessment strategies are used to gather information for each types of assessment.
10 Diagnostic Assessment Usually occurs at the beginning of the school year or before a unit of instruction.A common form of diagnostic evaluation is used at the beginning of a unit, course, or lesson when the teacher assesses students" readiness and background for what is about to be taught. This is pre-instructional assessment and evaluation. It occurs when you decide that you need assessment information on a student, group of students, or a whole class before you can proceed with the most effective instruction. It is considered part of good teaching practice to find out prior to instruction the level of knowledge and skill that is present in the learner.Another form of diagnostic evaluation is used when more specific information is needed about a student's learning needs. Assessment information is gathered to give a more detailed representation of learning strengths and weaknesses. Instruction is then directed toward the specific learning needs of the student. While diagnostic evaluation is really specialized extension of formative and summative evaluation, its emphasis is on assessing the strengths and educational needs of students as a starting point for instruction.Diagnostic evaluation in group or class situations usually takes place before instruction begins. Some examples include: reading inventories in order to develop appropriate plans for student learning in reading, second-language oral tests in order to assign students to appropriate learning groups, writing tasks to assess the level of writing skills, or beginning-of-the-year tests to see what the students retained from the previous year.Diagnostic evaluation with individual students is often initiated when you feel the need to find out more about how a student learns. Some examples include: assessing a student with a suspected learning disability to arrange for special intervention, assessing a transferring student to ensure accurate grade placement, and assessing a student to recommend an enriched program for the academically talented.
11 Purposes of diagnostic assessment identify whether students have the prerequisite knowledge, understanding, or skills;provide information to assist in planning appropriate learning opportunities;identify student interests;identify misconceptions.
12 Formative AssessmentIs ongoing assessment that keeps students, parents and educators informed of students' progress.
13 Purposes of formative assessment provide direction to students in how to improve their learning;encourage students to take responsibility for their own progress;provide teachers with information upon which instructional modifications can be made;help teachers understand the degree to which students are achieving the learning expectations.The purposes specifically include knowledge, understanding, inquiry, communication and making connections.
14 When the cook tastes the soup, that's formative When the cook tastes the soup, that's formative. When the guests taste it, that's summative!Robert StakeThis distinction leaves out any reference to the type of assessment technique used or to the time at which it is used. So, the results of a written unit test could be used for both summative and formative evaluation. If the test or the unit is never referred to again and if the mark is simply reported, then that is summative evaluation. If, upon correcting the test, you find that most of the students have failed to grasp an important concept, and, if you decide to reteach the concept before going on to the next unit, then you have carried out formative evaluation as well. In school we have very few instances of evaluations that are purely summative or purely formative usually we make use of the same assessment information in both modes.
15 Summative AssessmentOccurs at the end of a cluster of expectations, at the end of a unit and at the end of the course.For example, summative evaluation can be used formatively to assist teachers in making decisions about changes to instructional strategies or other aspects of students' learning programs.
16 Purposes of summative assessment evaluate what has been learned;summarize student progress;report on progress relative to curriculum expectations to students and parents.
17 It is important that students are informed about assessments and understand the purpose of assessments.
18 Program Planning and Assessment Policy Document (page 15) Seventy percent of the grade will be based on evaluations conducted throughout the course.Thirty percent of the grade will be based on a final evaluation in the form of an examination, performance, essay and/or other method of evaluation suitable to the course content and administered towards the end of the course.
19 Assessment and Evaluation Planning Phases Planning for assessment and evaluation involves a continuous process of four phases.PreparationAssessmentEvaluationReflection
20 Preparation Phase Decisions are made identifying: what is to be assessed and evaluated;the purpose of the assessment (diagnostic, formative, or summative);the criteria by which student learning will be assessed;appropriate assessment strategies and tools.The teacher's decisions in this phase forms the basis for the remaining phases.
21 Assessment Phaseuse information-gathering strategies to collect information on student learning;use appropriate assessment tools;identify and eliminate bias (such as gender and culture bias) from assessment strategies;determine where, when, and how assessments will be conducted.
22 Evaluation Phaseuse professional judgement to interpret assessment information about student achievement;assign a grade;report on achievement to students, and parents
23 Reflection Phasereflect on how successful the assessment plan was in improving student learning;make decisions concerning improvements to subsequent teaching, and assessment and evaluation practices.
24 Reflection is a new term added to the assessment and evaluation process. Included here as central to the whole concept of evaluation.
25 Teacher Self-Assessment Reflection on day-to-day classroom instructionProfessional self-assessmentTeachers refine their skills through self-reflecting upon the elements of their instruction, including evaluation processes.It is important that teachers engage in self-evaluation – they should take stock of the professional capabilities, set targets and participate in professional development activities.
26 Assessment and Evaluation Strongly influences both teaching and learningPromotes learningBuilds confidence in students and teachersDevelops students' understanding of themselves and how they learn