Presentation on theme: "We cannot stop climate change without changing our mobility."— Presentation transcript:
1 We cannot stop climate change without changing our mobility. First ThesisWe cannot stop climate change without changing our mobility.
2 Second Thesis Mobility is too cheap in Europe – environmentally-friendly transport modesare too expensive.This is due to political will.
3 Third Thesis The EU is part of the solution: Fair competition across transport modeswould enable sustainable transport modesto exploit their competitiveness.
4 The EU' Targets for 2020 20% reduction of greenhouse gas missions 20% of EU’s energy from renewable resources20% improvement of energy efficiency
5 Where We Stand Now Increase of CO2 -emissions Weak connection between economy and ecologyModal shift in the wrong direction: share of air and road transport increases, share of rail and waterway decreasesUnfair competition between different transport modesTransport planning with wrong priorities („think big“)
6 CO2 Emissions by Sector (2008) Transport counts for almost 30% oft CO2 emissions in the EUWhereas ROAD transport has the biggest part oft all emissions ca 72 %.6
9 Mandatory Rail Charge in Europe Cars per 1,000 inhabitantsEspecially member states without a highway toll system charge railway toll
10 Non-Mandatory Road Charge for Lorries In Switserland: road charge for lorries is 4 times higher than in GermanyIt applies to all streets and to all trucks above 3.5tIncrease of consumers' costs: merely 0.5%
11 International train traffic is taxed, international flights are not Tax DisadvantagesInternational train traffic is taxed, international flights are not
12 Distorted Competition in the Air No kerosene tax (14bn EUR subsidies per year)No Value Added Tax on international flights (16bn EUR/year)Weak integration in EU Emissions Trading Scheme (85% for free) and only since 2012No charges on air corridors (with the exception of Siberia)In case of delays: reimbursement after 3 hours12
13 Priviliges for Maritime Transport Inland navigationNo fuel taxationMostly no charges on waterwaysHeavy investments despite existing excess capacitiesMaritime transportUsing heavy oil (hazardous waste incinerator without filters)Weak emission limits by International Maritime OrganizationAs of 2015: 0,1% in control zones (Baltic and North sea, English Channel)As of 2020: 0,5% for all EU bodies of waterNot integrated into emission trading system13
14 “The Future of our Mobility” EU CommissionCommission 2011 White Paper on transport:Until 2030: -20% CO2 emmissions compared to 2008Until 2050: -60% compared to 1990EU ParliamentResolution on White Paper: -20% compared to 1990 by 2020!14
15 How does this relate to urban mobility? EU climate goals targets
16 Facts on Urban Mobility By 2050, 84% of the EU population will live in citiesIn cities, transport is responsible for:40% of all CO2 emissions70% of all emissions which are harmful to the climateMost trips start or end in citiesBy 2060, 30% of all EU citizens will be older than 60 years (today: 17%)
17 Less inhabitants, 26 times larger surface Atlanta – BarcelonaDie Emission von Treibhausgasen aus dem Verkehr in Europa steigt absolut und prozentual.Der CO2-Ausstoß hat von 1990 bis 2005 im Durchschnitt um gut zwei Prozent zugenommen.Im Verkehrsbereich lag die Zunahme bis 2005 bei gut 26 Prozent, mittlerweile bei 35 Prozent.Alle anderen Sektoren haben ihre Emissionen um 9,5 Prozent gesenkt.Less inhabitants, 26 times larger surface17
18 30 km/h Speed Limit as a Rule! Report of the European Parliament on European road safety (Rapporteur: Dieter-Lebrecht Koch)The European Parliament“54. Strongly recommends the responsible authorities to introduce speed limits of 30 km/h in residential areas and on all one-lane roads in urban areas which have no separate cycle lane, with a view to protecting vulnerable road users more effectively;”Accepted by a large majority!18
19 30km/h Speed Limit: Clear Benefits More safety…Breaking distance: 14m instead of 28m42% less accidentsFatality risk: 10% instead of 80%Higher acceptanceEnviroment and costs….Emissions: -12%Noise: -3db(A) = halving noiseLess road signs, more clarityMore life quality…More space for children, pedestrians, cyclists and public transportLess stressAlmost no loss of time…Only sec. More per kmBerlin: average speed of cars at 19 km/h!19
20 30km/h Speed Limit: Progresses European citizens' initiative: European Citizen's Initiative. Goal = 1 Million signatures byOthers led the way: Graz (AT), Pontevedra (ES), the French city network “Ville 30,” and Liverpool (UK)New York City becomes “New Walk City”20
21 Bicycles as an Alternative Source: Cramer, M. (2006): Fahrradnutzung in Europa, page 290% of car journeys in cities are shorter than 6km30% are shorter than 3km10% are shorter than 1km!