Presentation on theme: "Bell ringer A perfect weekend would include the following:"— Presentation transcript:
Bell ringer A perfect weekend would include the following:
DEPRESSION What is depression?? DEPRESSION What is depression?? A Mental illness Prolonged feelings of helplessness, hopelessness and sadness that are much stronger than the everyday blues.
Depression is… An illness not a character weakness Usually doesn’t go away on its own Develops after an upsetting event OR……. for no particular reason
Who Gets Depressed? ANYONE CAN ! 19 Million Americans will become depressed THIS YEAR. More Americans suffer from depression than heart disease(12 million), cancer(10 million) & HIV(1 million) 1 in 8 teens become depressed1 in 8 teens become depressed
Clinical Depression Vs. “The blues” Clinical depression is much more severe and long term. -interferes with an individual’s everyday tasks. -interferes with an individual’s everyday tasks.
If you have 5 or more of these symptoms for 2 wks or more, you may be depressed. Depression take on many forms it can be overlooked!
***Reactive Depression***- responses to a stressful event, death of someone close, disease, injury etc. Lasts a few weeks and then the person moves on
Other Common Types of Depression Minor depression- Minor depression- is characterized by having symptoms for 2 weeks or longer that do not meet full criteria for clinical depression. Post Partum depression- Post Partum depression- Experienced by approx. 10-15% of women after giving birth when hormonal and physical changes as well as taking care of a baby can be overwhelming Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)- Onset of depression during winter months when there is less sunlight. _BI-polar_Disorder- Extreme highs and extreme lows
Signs of Depression Appearance- sad, slow movements, poor hygiene, dress differently Unhappy feelings, sad, hopeless, discouraged. (-) self talk= “I’m a failure”, “No one cares” No energy More irritable or angry than usual
Signs of Depression (Continued) Reduced Concentration Guilt and low self-esteem Physical problems- Weight loss/gain, sleeping more/less, headaches etc. Suicidal Thoughts
* 1 in 3 teens will receive help *Affects more girls than guys WHY? *30% of depressed teens develop a substance abuse problem * 80% w/ depression can be successfully treated *Untreated depression = #1 cause of suicide *40% get better w/ talk therapy
Causes of Depression We don’t ENTIRELY know……. But we do know: GGGGenetics LLLLife events….. SSSStress & the way we react to it MMMMedical conditions FFFFamily & social environment
What happens in the brain when someone is depressed? Affects chemicals in the brain called neurotransmitters which regulate mood. These chemicals send messages between nerve cells in the brain. Neurotransmitters= Serotonin & Norepinephrine
When neurotransmitters run low … People feel depressed, anxious & stressed. Medication may be needed to restore balance.
Treatment Antidepressants and/or talk therapy Medication may increase suicidal thoughts in the beginning 70-80% respond to therapy
Why don’t teens get help? Don’t recognize the symptoms Denial that anything is wrong Believe nothing can help Perception….sign of weakness Can’t admit to having a problem Embarrassed Can’t talk to parents
Helping Someone with Depression BBBBe available (Listen) SSSSuggest professional help MMMMake them feel important LLLListen and watch for threats of suicide SSSSAP referral TTTTell an adult
National Suicide Prevention CALL 1-800-273-8255(TALK) It will connect you to the closest crisis center
Remember………….. Your help should never come at your own emotional expense. If you look after your own needs, you’ll be in a better position to take care of your depressed friend or relative http://www.nbcnews.com/watch/nightly- news/robin-williams-death-sheds-light-on- depression-in-america-317586499854