2 Why Study Leadership? To become leaders Understand how to motivate othersLearn valuable characteristicsUnderstand how the “system” works (Leadership is in all parts of life)
3 Military Leadership:The process of influencing others to accomplish the mission by providing purpose, direction, and motivation.
4 Providing PurposePurpose gives soldiers (subordinates, etc.) a reason why they should do difficult things often under dangerous or stressful conditions.Establish prioritiesExplain importance of task
5 Providing DirectionDirection gives soldiers a set of tasks to accomplishSet standards and expectations and enforce themProper training will give them confidence (you can’t expect workers or soldiers to complete tasks they don’t know how to do.)
6 Providing MotivationMotivation gives soldiers the WILL to do everything they are capable of to accomplish a missionCauses soldiers to use initiative when they see a need for action
7 Providing Motivation Motivate soldiers by: Caring for their needs Challenging themCreating cohesive teamsRewarding successGiving them responsibility they can handle
8 Discussion Question(s) What kind of ways can we motivate others?What do YOU think is the best way to motivate someone? Short term, long term?
9 The Factors of Leadership The four major factors of leadership are always present and effect the actions one should take and when you should take them. They are:The LeaderThe LedThe situationCommunications
10 The Factors of Leadership The LeaderAs a leader you must have an honest understanding of your strengths & weakness – know:Who you are,What you know,What you can do.(this is why we study leader characteristics)
11 The Factors of Leadership The LedThe individuals you lead are another factor.Not all people should be led the same wayLike yourself, you must know their strengths and weakness and how best to lead them.
12 The Factors of Leadership The SituationAll situations are differentHow you lead, your team strengths, what the task is, all factor into the situation.
13 The Factors of Leadership CommunicationCommunication is the exchange of information and ideas from one person to another.The way you communicate depends on the situation.
14 The Factors of Leadership Interaction of the FactorsThe four major factors are always present .The most important factor in one situation may have little importance in another.You must constantly consider all four factors and choose the best course of action.
15 The Principles of Leadership The principles of leadership are excellent guidelines and provide a plan for action.Applying these principles tells you what you should DO to BE a good leader.
16 The Principles of Leadership Know Yourself and seek Self-ImprovementBe technically and Tactically ProficientSeek Responsibility & Take responsibility for your actionsMake sound & timely decisionsSet the exampleKnow your soldiers (team) and look out for their well-being
17 The Principles of Leadership Keep your subordinates informedDevelop a sense of responsibility in your subordinatesEnsure the task is understood, supervised, and accomplishedBuild the teamEmploy your unit (team) in accordance with its capabilities
19 Army Styles of Leadership Leadership style is the personal manner and approach of leading.Effective leaders must be flexible in the way they interact with subordinates.You may choose to use a different style depending on the situation.There are many different styles, but we will talk about three (for now)
20 Army Styles of Leadership Directing styleParticipating styleDelegating style
21 Army Styles of Leadership Directing styleA leader uses the directing style when he or she tells what, how, where, and when he or she wants it done.Then the leader will closely supervise to ensure the directions are followed.
22 Army Styles of Leadership Participating styleWhen a leader involves the team in determining what to do and how to do it.The leader asks for information, advice, and recommendations;However, the leader still makes the final decision.
23 Army Styles of Leadership Delegating styleA leader delegates problem-solving and decision-making authority to a subordinate or group.Works well with mature or experienced groupsYou are still responsible for the results
24 Army Styles of Leadership A leader may even use all three depending on the situation and the team’s experience.