Presentation on theme: "Metabolic Syndrome Jacque De Fouw RN, MSN Health Educator."— Presentation transcript:
Metabolic Syndrome Jacque De Fouw RN, MSN Health Educator
COMPLICATIONS OF OBESITY METABOLIC SYNDROME CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE DIABETES
What is Coronary Artery Disease? Every 1 in 4 deaths About 600,000 deaths/year Accumulation of atherosclerotic plaque in coronary arteries = obstruction of blood flow to heart muscle
What happens? Heart muscle has pain without oxygen Destruction of muscle tissue Death of cardiac muscle
Symptoms Often no warning while slowly advancing obstruction Chest Pain Short of Breath Swelling of legs Often less obvious symptoms in women
Risk Factors Cannot be changed Can be changed Pathophysiologic Factors Life-style factors AgeHigh blood pressureTobacco use GenderDiabetesObesity Race/Ethnic background High CholesterolSedentary/ inactivity HeredityWomen: early menopause Personality type/ coping ability Women: birth control pills
How many risk factors do you have? 1. None 2. 1-2 3. 3-5 4. more than 5
Only YOU can take care of yourself! MAKE good choices! TEACH good choices!
What is Diabetes? A chronic disease in which the body can not properly use or make insulin. Insulin- a hormone made in the pancreas that turns sugar (glucose) into energy for the body to use
What happens without insulin? Lack of insulin Build up of glucose in the blood (hyperglycemia) Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus
Symptoms Frequent urination Excessive thirst Extreme hunger - Cells are starved for energy Unexplained weight loss - Insulin can not trigger the storage of fat Fatigue Delayed wound healing
Type I Diabetes Mellitus RISK factors: - Genetics - Autoimmune history Type I is preventable Type I is NOT preventable
Type II Diabetes Mellitus Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) Body makes insulin but most cells do not use insulin properly Insulin resistance Eventually, the pancreas stops making insulin.
CONTINUED: Type II Diabetes Mellitus 90-95 % of diabetics RISK factors - Older age - Family history - Obesity - Physical Inactivity - Race and Ethnicity
Type II DM Risk Factors Obesity & Inactivity - Studies find a relationship between weight/activity level and Type II - For past 10 years - increase in Type II diabetes in children diabetes in children
Type II Diabetes Mellitus Race & Ethnicity factors: - African Americans - Hispanic/Latino Americans - American Indians - Asian Americans - Pacific Islanders
Type II Prevention If have risk factors, prevent or delay the onset of Type II… - Healthy diet - Moderately intense exercise (walking briskly 2 1/2 hours each week) (walking briskly 2 1/2 hours each week) 15 MINUTES 10 TIMES A WEEK OR 30 MINUTES 5 TIMES A WEEK!
Type II DM Treatment Goal: Control blood sugar (glucose) - Glucose monitoring often - Oral medicine / Insulin injections - Diet - Exercise / Weight management - Follow up with doctor - Educate yourself!
Other complications of Metabolic Syndrome Joint pain and disorders Fatigue Snoring + Sleep apnea Respiratory disorders Depression Cancers Complications of pregnancy Incontinence