Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Health Care Facilities

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Health Care Facilities"— Presentation transcript:

1 Health Care Facilities

2 Objectives Students will be able to:
Differentiate between private, public, and non-profit facilities. Predict where and how factors such as cost, managed care, technology, and aging population, access to care, alternative therapies, and lifestyle behavior may affect various health delivery system models. Research the organizational structures and services of various types of health care facilities. Differentiate between various types of health care insurance plans Analyze the cause and effect on health care system change based on the influence of technology epidemiology, bio-ethics, socioeconomic and various forms of complimentary medicine

3 Hospitals Vary according to: Size Small Large Ownership
Proprietary / private / for profit Nonprofit Government Religious Services General Specialty

4 Long-Term Care Facilities
Provide long-term care for elderly patients and for patients in rehabilitation. Levels of long-term care: A nursing home provides care for patients who can no longer care for themselves. An independent living facility allows patients to use only the services they need, such as transportation or housekeeping.

5 Medical Offices May be operated by one or two doctors or a large groups of health care professionals. Some medical offices treat a wide range of conditions. Others are specialized for specific ages or medical conditions.

6 Other Types of Facilities
Dental offices Clinics Optical centers Emergency Care Centers Laboratories Home Health Care Hospice Mental Health Genetic Counseling Centers Rehabilitation Health Maintenance Organizations (HMO’s) Industrial Care Centers School Health Services

7 Government Agencies World Health Organization (WHO)
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS) National Institute of Health (NIH) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Agency for Health Care Policy And Research (AHCPR) Occupational Health and Safety Administration State and local health departments

8 Volunteer and Nonprofit Agencies
American Cancer Society American Heart Association American Red Cross National Association of Mental Health National Foundation of the March of Dimes

9 Health Insurance Plans

10 Health Care Systems Nearly every industrialized country has a national health care system. Some countries have public or national health care systems, and other countries have private health care systems.

11 Public / National Health Care Systems
Mainly funded by taxes and social security insurance. Advantage – Every citizen is guaranteed health care regardless of economic status. Disadvantages – Health care is not always comprehensive, and taxes may be higher. Norway, France, the United Kingdom, and Canada

12 Private Health Care Systems
Mainly funded by private insurance agencies and out-of-pocket payments. Advantages – Coverage is often comprehensive, taxes may be lower, and economic growth is stimulated. Disadvantage – Not every citizen is guaranteed health care. United States and Switzerland

13 Mixed Systems Very few countries have a purely public or private system Most countries create a mixed system by using various funding sources to cover health care expenses. Example: Canada and the United States

14 Health Insurance The rising cost of health care is good for the economy, but the expenses are a burden for most individuals and families. In the 1920’s, the United States developed a system of health insurance to help cover the cost of medical expenses.

15 Health Insurance Terms
Premium – the amount paid to an insurance agency for a health insurance policy Deductible - the amount that must be paid by the patient before the insurance agency will begin to make payments Co-payment - an amount paid by the patient for a certain service Out-of-pocket - a medical bill that must be paid by the patient

16 Individual and Group Insurance
Individual insurance is when a person purchases a policy and agrees to pay the entire premium for health coverage. Group insurance is generally purchased through an employer. The premium is split between the employer and the person being insured.

17 Managed Care Two primary concepts of managed care:
To promote good health To practice preventive medicine Managed care plans offer medical services through a system of health care providers. The system of providers offers services at reduced rates.

18 Managed Care Health Maintenance Organizations
Preferred Provider Organizations Point of Service

19 Health Maintenance Organizations
Clients must pay a premium, deductible, and co-payments. Clients must visit in-network doctors and select a primary care physician. HMOs urge clients to practice healthy living and to receive preventive treatments.

20 Preferred Provider Organization
Clients must pay a premium, deductible, and co-payments. Clients do not have to choose a primary care physician. Clients may visit non-network physicians, but coverage is greater with in-network physicians. PPOs often have other fees and co-payments.

21 Point of Service Clients must pay a premium.
Clients must chose a primary care physician. For in-network physicians, there is usually no deductible and co-payments are low. Specialists may be non-network physicians, but coverage may be limited

22 Government Programs In the 20th century, the United States government began to realize the need for public medical assistance. In 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson instituted two medical assistance programs to help those without health insurance. Medicaid Medicare

23 Medicaid Income or needs based program
Designed by the federal government, but administered by state governments Usually includes individuals with low incomes, children who qualify for public assistance, and individuals who are blind or physically disabled.

24 Medicare Program for any citizen age 65 or older
Administered by the federal government After an individual pays a deductible, Medicare will cover 80% of all medical expenses.

25 Medicare Services Part A: Hospital Care Part B: Outpatient Services
Hospitalization Skilled nursing facilities Home health care Hospice care Long-term care facilities Part B: Outpatient Services Medical expenses, including therapy, medical equipment, and testing Preventive Care

26 Worker’s Compensation
Provides treatment for workers injured on the job Administered by the state Reimburses the worker for wages lost because of on-the-job injury

27 Trends in Today’s Health Care Systems
Advances in technology Epidemiology Bio-ethics Socioeconomics Complementary (nontraditional) medicine

28 Organizational Structure
An tool designed to help a facility operate smoothly by outlining responsibilities It describes the line of authority that establishes levels of responsibility and supervision

29 The End!

Download ppt "Health Care Facilities"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google