 # 11.7 Surface Area and Volume of Spheres. Objectives Find the surface area of a sphere. Find the volume of a sphere in real life.

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11.7 Surface Area and Volume of Spheres

Objectives Find the surface area of a sphere. Find the volume of a sphere in real life

Finding the Surface Area of a Sphere In Chapter 10, a circle was described as a locus of points in a plane that are a given distance from a point. A sphere is the locus of points in space that are a given distance from a point.

Finding the Surface Area of a Sphere The point is called the center of the sphere. A radius of a sphere is a segment from the center to a point on the sphere. A chord of a sphere is a segment whose endpoints are on the sphere.

Finding the Surface Area of a Sphere A diameter is a chord that contains the center. As with all circles, the terms radius and diameter also represent distances, and the diameter is twice the radius.

Theorem 11.7: Surface Area of a Sphere The surface area of a sphere with radius r is S = 4  r 2.

Ex. 1: Finding the Surface Area of a Sphere Find the surface area. When the radius doubles, does the surface area double?

S = 4  r 2 = 4  2 2 = 16  in. 2 S = 4  r 2 = 4  4 2 = 64  in. 2 The surface area of the sphere in part (b) is four times greater than the surface area of the sphere in part (a) because 16  4 = 64  So, when the radius of a sphere doubles, the surface area DOES NOT double.

More... Great circle is the intersection of a plane and a sphere through the center. Hemispheres are two congruent halves of a sphere. Tangent a line or a plane that intersect the sphere in exactly one point

Ex. 2: Using a Great Circle The circumference of a great circle of a sphere is 13.8  feet. What is the surface area of the sphere?

Solution: Begin by finding the radius of the sphere. C = 2  r 13.8  = 2  r 13.8  = r 2  r 6.9 = r = r

Solution: Using a radius of 6.9 feet, the surface area is: S = 4  r 2 = 4  (6.9) 2 = 190.44  ft. 2 So, the surface area of the sphere is 190.44  ft.sq.

Theorem 11.12: Volume of a Sphere The volume of a sphere with radius r is V = 4/3  r 3 or (4  r 3 )/3

Take Notes... V =4/3  r 3 S= 4  r² Formula for volume of a sphere. Surface Area of a Sphere..

V =4/3  r 3 S= 4  r² D = 2 r

V =4/3  r 3 S= 4  r² C = 2  r

V =4/3  r 3 S= 4  r²

V =4/3  r 3 S= 4  r² C = 2  r

V =4/3  r 3 S= 4  r² C = 2  r A =  r²

V =4/3  r 3 S= 4  r²

V =4/3  r 3 S= 4  r²

V =4/3  r 3 S= 4  r²

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