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Mr. Nugent 7 th grade.  Ticket in the door  Content knowledge  Group work  Ticket out the door.

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Presentation on theme: "Mr. Nugent 7 th grade.  Ticket in the door  Content knowledge  Group work  Ticket out the door."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mr. Nugent 7 th grade

2  Ticket in the door  Content knowledge  Group work  Ticket out the door

3  PHW 1.8.9 Summarize health practices to prevent the spread of infectious diseases that are transmitted by food, air, indirect contact, and person-to-person contact

4  What are communicable diseases?  What are the differences between pathogens?  How can we prevent the spread of diseases?

5  Disease  Communicable diseases  Germs  Pathogens  Viruses  Bacteria  Fungi  Protozoa

6  Germs that cause diseases  Infection is a condition that happens when pathogens enter the body, multiply, and cause harm.  Communicable diseases are all caused by pathogens.  Viruses, Bacteria, Fungi, Protozoa

7  The smallest and simplest pathogen  Are not alive  Made up of genetic material and protein.  What are some example of some viruses?

8  Common cold  Chicken pox  Influenza (the Flu)  Hepatitis  Herpes  HIV  pneumonia

9  The simplest ONE- celled organisms.  Exist in every environment on earth  Some are helpful  Helpful bacteria live in your digestive system to break down food  Harmful bacteria causes diseases such as strep throat and pneumonia

10  Pinkeye  Whooping cough  Tuberculosis  Gonorrhea

11  Organisms that are more complex than bacteria but cannot make their own food.  Most are harmless but some can cause disease  Molds  Yeast  Mushrooms  Most common; Athletes foot, ring worm

12  One celled organisms that are more complex than bacteria.  Most commonly transferred to people through mosquito bites, contaminated water/food  Also referred to as parasites  Malaria

13  Direct contact with others spread directly from person to person. example: person with pinkeye might wipe their eye then shake someone hand. That person touches their eye and could get pinkeye.

14  Spreading through the air.  Sharing drinking glasses, eating utensils and other personal items.  Example: someone with a cold or sore throat could sneeze or cough and send pathogens in the air. Anyone breathing that air can become infected.

15  Pathogens such as Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) can spread when blood from an infected person comes in contact with someone else’s blood.  Using unclean needles

16  Undercooked meat may still contain bacteria.  Food-borne illnesses  What are some healthy tips when cooking?  Some pathogens spread through contaminated water.  Never drink water directly from lakes and rivers.

17 May 9, 2012 SNELLVILLE, Ga. -A 24-year-old West Georgia graduate student had to have her leg amputated after getting an infection following a zip line accident. Aimee Copeland severely cut her left leg while zip-lining in a friend's backyard near Carrollton. She contracted a flesh-eating bacteria infection that forced doctors to amputate the leg.

18  Animals that carry rabies virus can infect other animals and humans.  Mosquitoes infected with the west nile virus can spread that to birds, horses and humans.

19 

20  Explain why is it important to clean kitchen cutting boards carefully?

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