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Room Planning, Service Area

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Presentation on theme: "Room Planning, Service Area"— Presentation transcript:

1 Room Planning, Service Area
Architecture II/III Dr. Ku Technology Education Simsbury High School

2 Welcome to the Service Area!

3 What is included in the SERVICE AREA?
Kitchen, Laundry Room, Garage, Utility Room, Storage Area

4 Lesson Objectives: After this lesson, you will be able to:
Apply good design principles to planning the service areas of a home. Design a functional kitchen to meet a family’s needs. Select appliances for a modern kitchen. Plan a modern, efficient clothes care center.

5 Service Area Supplements the living and sleeping areas
Supplies equipment and space for maintenance, storage, and service Includes: Kitchen Clothes car center (Laundry Room) Garage or carport Utility Storage

6 What is the principal use for a kitchen?
THE KITCHEN What is the principal use for a kitchen?

7 KITCHEN Efficient kitchen planning includes: Placement of appliances
Providing adequate storage cabinets Food preparation facilities Work center

Determined by drawing a line from the front center of the range to the refrigerator to the sink and back to the range. The lengths of the three lines are added together to product the length of the work triangle. Practical kitchen design should not exceed 22 feet.

9 KITCHEN: Six Basic Styles
Straight line L-Shape Corridor U-shaped Peninsula Island


11 What are two disadvantages of this style?
STRAIGHT LINE KITCHEN One-wall kitchen, wall design Frequently used in cottages & apartments Advantages- Fits into a narrow space. Can be screened off, if needed. Ideal for kitchens with limited floor and wall area. Lower cost. Disadvantages Much running around. Ensure that the walk way space is at least 1200mm to allow two people to pass one another. And to allow drawers or cupboard doors to be opened. What are two disadvantages of this style?

Limited amount of cabinet space Not very interesting ADVANTAGES: Fits into narrow space Can be screened off, if needed Ideal for kitchens with limited floor or wall area Less expensive

13 L-SHAPE KITCHEN Located along two adjacent walls
Two work centers are located along one wall and the third on the adjoining walls Not suitable for large kitchens

14 L-SHAPE KITCHEN ADVANTAGES: Efficient work flow Less running around
Modest cost DISADVANTAGES: Less room to share with assistant cooks AdvantagesEfficient work flow. Less running around. Opens up floor space for eating area. Modest cost. Disadvantages Less room to share with assistant cooks.

15 CORRIDOR KITCHEN Located on two walls opposite each other
Usually small to medium size Ideal for long, narrow rooms Not recommended for heavy throughway traffic Open space between the cabinets should be at least 4’ AdvantagesEfficient workflow using a small area. Easier for assistant cooks. Disadvantage More dangerous if corridor used for traffic. More expensive.

16 CORRIDOR KITCHEN Advantages Efficient work flow using a small area
Easier for assistant cooks Disadvantages More expensive Dangerous if corridor is used for traffic

17 U-SHAPE KITCHEN Most popular design Retains a high level of efficiency
No traffic through the kitchen to other areas of the house Work triangle is compact & functional Medium in size with open spaces between the legs of the “U” being 5 or 6 feet

18 U-SHAPE KITCHEN Disadvantages: Advantages: Uses much more space
More expensive Advantages: Efficient workflow Easy for multiple assistant cooks Nice for entertaining

19 PENINSULA KITCHEN Popular because it provides plenty of work space
Easily joined to the dining room using the peninsula as a divider Peninsula may be used as a cooking center

20 ISLAND KITCHEN Modification of the straight line, the L-shaped, or the U-shaped design Island may house the sink, cooking center, or food preparation Maybe serve as a countertop or snack bar Island must be accessible from all sides At least 4’ of clearance should be allow on all sides

21 Review What are the six basic kitchen styles?
Which kitchen style if commonly used for cottages and apartments? What is a disadvantage of the corridor style design? Which style is a modification of the straight line, U-shaped, or L-shaped design? What is the peninsula used as in the peninsula kitchen design? Which kitchen style has two adjacent walls? Which styles is the most popular? What is an advantage of the U-shaped kitchen?

22 Identify this type of kitchen.
*What do you like/dislike about this kitchen?


24 Identify this type of kitchen.
*What do you like/dislike about this kitchen?

25 Identify this type of kitchen.
*What do you like/dislike about this kitchen?

26 Identify this type of kitchen.
*What do you like/dislike about this kitchen?

27 Identify this type of kitchen.
*What do you like/dislike about this kitchen?

28 CABINETS & APPLIANCES Symbols & Standard sizes of kitchen appliances & sinks Most standard base cabinets are: 34 ½” high, 24” deep, and width increments in 3 inch multiples (15”, 18”, 21”, etc) Wall cabinets 12 or 13 inches deep Cabinets 12 to 30 inches high in increments of 3 inches and 12 to 36 inches wide increments of 3 inches

Locate the kitchen near: The service entrance Easy access to outside trash containers Next to a dining room Near a laundry area & a bath Position a window in way so that children can be viewed in the play area

30 KITCHEN: EXTRAS Ventilation Decor Wall fan (with a hood)
Exhaust through an outside wall or the roof Exhaust should NOT be expelled into the attic Decor Present trends Well lighted Main ceiling fixture, lights over the sink, cooking center, and food prep area

31 KITCHEN EATING AREAS What is the purpose of a kitchen eating area?

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