2 Direct Quote Text that is copied word for word from a source Quotation marks are used to show your reader that this is someone else’s words“But the push for such high tech security has set off a fierce debate among educators, who are neither convinced that today’s schools are soaked in violence nor persuaded that stepped-up security is a real solution to the problem” (Hall).
3 ParaphraseText from a source that you have read and put into your own words.Does not need quotation marks but does need a citationIntensified security initiatives on school campuses around the country have inspired skepticism among many educators who consider such initiatives to be unnecessary and ineffective (Hall).
4 SummaryIdeas from a source that you have read and condensed into fewer words.Does not need quotation marks but does need a citationMany educators believe such policies are unnecessary and ineffective (Hall).
5 In-Text CitationAny time you use information from a source, you need to identify that source at the end of the sentence in parenthesis just as you would a page # in a literary essay.
6 In-text Citation Format Authored sources:Print source: (last name of author, page #).Web source: (last name of author).Example:For source #1(Hall).
7 In-text Citation Format Unauthored Sources:Print: (“First 3 words of article title”, pg #)Web: (“First 3 words of article title”)
8 In-Text CitationsFor indirect quotes (ie. When another source is cited in your source and you want to use that information) Attribute the quote in a signal phrase and use format below for citation According to Mary Green of SSTAR “school crime is a concern of every family in America” (qtd. In Hall).