2 Contents What is a Sexually Transmitted Disease? What are the most common STD’s?Common SymptomsTreatmentConclusion
3 What is a Sexually Transmitted Disease or STD? STD’s are infections that are spread from person to person through intimate sexual contact.
4 Common STD’s Chlamydia Gonorrhea Genital Herpes (HSV-2) Genital Warts (HPV)Hepatitis BHIV and AIDSPubic LiceSyphilisTrichomoniasis
5 Common Symptoms for Men and Women Sores, bumps or blisters near your genitals or mouth .Burning or pain when you urinate (pee)Itching, bad smell or unusual discharge from your vagina/penisBellyache (pain in your lower abdomen)Remember: Sometimes symptoms don't show up for weeks or months .
6 What do I do if I have any symptoms? If you think you have an STD you need to see your GP for check up and treatment.If you feel nervous about getting checked for STDs, take a few deep breaths and try to relax.The tests are quick and usually involve a blood or urine sample.
7 kit is available to buy online ChlamydiaCaused by bacteria called Chlamydia Trachomatis.Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections.Chlamydia is curable with antibiotics.Young people under 25 are mostlikely to be infected.Chlamydia home testkit is available to buy online
8 Gonorrhea Caused by a bacteria known as Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Gonorrhea is treatable with antibiotics.You should refrainfrom sexual intercourseduring treatment.
9 Syphilis Caused by bacteria called Trepenoma pallidum. If not treated Syphilis can be very dangerous and can cause brain damage and other serious health problems.If you are diagnosed as having the disease you can be treated with antibiotics.Very easy to cure in early stages of the disease
10 HIV and AIDS AIDS is one of the most deadly diseases in history. AIDS is caused by HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus).HIV destroys the body’s defense system (the immune system).Thousands of people in the world become infected each year.
11 How is HIV&AIDS treated? There is NO cure.If you think that you or your partner may have HIV or AIDS you need to see a doctor immediately who can do a blood test .Prevention is the only way to protect yourself from contracting the virus.
12 What Happens if I don’t get treated? If you have an STD and don’t get treatment you can have some long-term effects such as:Infertility (Unable to have babies)CancerLong-term painCan pass disease from mother to babyDeath
13 Conclusion It is much easier to prevent an STD than to cure one. The ONLY way to prevent STD’s is to abstain from ALL types of sexual intercourse.However, if you have sex, you must use a latex condom, EVERY TIME.Remember that condoms do notalways protect you from STD’s
14 References www.iwannaknow.org www.kidshealth.org www.lib.uiowa.edu Developed and presented by Hristo TrifonovUniversity of Limerick, EE4003.