Career Path A career path is the sequential pattern of jobs that forms one’s career.
Career Goals Career goals are the future positions one strives to reach as part of a career. These goals serve as benchmarks along one’s career path.
Career Planning Career planning is the process by which one selects career goals and the path to those goals.
Career Development Career Development consists of the personal improvements one undertakes to achieve a personal career plan
Common Concerns Do company training programs help my chances for a promotion? How do I advance my career? Why hasn’t my boss given me career counseling? Aren’t most promotions based on luck and knowing the right people? Do I need a degree for that job? With all the talk of downsizing, how secure is my job?
Individual Career Development Job Performance Exposure Networking Resignations Organizational Loyalty
Mentors and Sponsors Key Subordinates Growth Opportunities International Experience
Stages of Career Development Stage 1: Preparation for Work (ages 0–25) Stage 2: Organizational Entry (ages 18–25) Stage 3: Early Career (ages 25–40) Stage 4: Mid-career (ages 40–55) Stage 5: Late Career (ages 55– retirement)
Career Planning “If you don’t have a plan for yourself you’ll be a part of someone else’s” - American Proverb Career Planning is a tool to encourage employee development Important to give employee a sense of a career vs a job with the company
Having a plan does not mean auto promotion Need to have good performance, experience, education, planning and preparation
Career Planning & Development Often done through planning, education information and counseling
HR Support & Career Development Develop management support for career planning activities Can offer career planning, education, info and counseling
Also need to ensure employees receive accurate and timely feedback on career development & performance
Career Education Employees often know very little about planning Feel luck & performance only ways to get ahead Might not be aware of other opportunities
HR can increase planning awareness by Holding seminars Workshops Speeches Newsletters – All of these items can help to increase interest in planning – Senior management backing is a must
Career Counseling Have trained counselors in the department Can assist with guidance on realistic goals and plans Often self & environmental assessments required
HR’s Role in Career Development The Goal: Matching Individual and Organizational Needs