Presentation on theme: "IIC-2.2 Describe the situational cues giving rise to anger and fear."— Presentation transcript:
1 IIC-2.2 Describe the situational cues giving rise to anger and fear. MotivationIIC-2.1 Describe the interaction of internal cues and learning on basic drives.IIC-2.2 Describe the situational cues giving rise to anger and fear.IIC-2.3 Describe the situational cues and individual characteristics giving rise toIIC-3.1 Describe one or more theories of motivation, such as expectancy value, cognitive dissonance, arousal, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, and drive reduction.
2 Warm Up: Write a list of 10 items or goals which you want in the near future. Next to each item or goal, write how will you achieve those goals or obtain those items.StandardsObjectiveIIC-2.1 Describe the interaction of internal cues and learning on basic drives.IIC-3.1 Describe one or more theories of motivation, such as expectancy value, cognitive dissonance, arousal, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, and drive reduction.Students will be able to construct their own version Maslow’s hierarchy of needs and explain the importance of each section and compare it to Maslow’s hierarchy.
3 Matching Vocabulary! Motivation Instinct Homeostasis Incentive A positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates behaviorA complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearnedA tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state; the regulation of any aspect of body chemistry, such as blood glucose, around a particular levelA need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
4 What is motivation? Four main theories Instinct theory (formerly known as evolutionary perspective)Focuses on genetic predisposed behaviorsDrive-reduction theoryFocuses on the inner pushes and external pulls interact with each otherArousal TheoryFinding the right level of stimulationHierarchy of needsHow some needs take priority over others
5 Instinct Theory Created by Charles Darwin within his evolution theory States that all humans, like animals, have unlearned abilities (such as rooting in babies)Fails to explain human motives but it helps us to understand why this contributes to areas of motivation such as hunger or sexuality.Helps explain phobias
6 Drive Reduction Theory Replaced the instinct theoryDrive-reduction theory (DRT) is the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused state that drives the organism to reduce the need.Example – when you are thirsty, you find liquid to quench your thirst.When your physiological need increases (a push), your psychological drive (motivation) does so as well.The main goal in DRT is to achieve homeostasisIndividual learning plays a role in motivation (a pull) through incentivesWhen there is both a need and an incentive, motivation is high.
7 Arousal Theory Built on the idea of curiosity Needing more than just the reach homeostasis, animals will try to increase their arousal through motivated behaviors.Info-voresHumans have a brain mechanism that rewards for new informationNot enough arousal = boredomToo much arousal = stress and decrease
8 Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Abraham Maslow – Creator of the pyramid description of Hierarchy of NeedsBroken up into 6 different categoriesPhysiological, safety, belonging needs and love needs, esteem needs, self actualization needs, and self transcendence needsNot universally fixedExample – hunger strike
10 QuickwriteUsing Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, write all the different needs that you have in your life currently. Are they being met or are you doing things to achieve those needs?
11 Hierarchy Project!Take a piece of blank paper and divide it up into 6 even parts (as evenly as possible)At the top write “your name’s hierarchy of needs”Label from bottom to top the 5 different levels of needs. (You may reorganize the needs to fit your life)In each level, write 2-3 examples of personal needs in those boxes and how they are being met. If those needs are not being met, explain how you can meet those goals.Draw a small picture next to each need.You will need 13 total needs.For a closer look, it is on pg 342 (Exploring psychology) and 472 (Psychology)