Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Language Teaching Methods/ Approaches

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Language Teaching Methods/ Approaches"— Presentation transcript:

1 Language Teaching Methods/ Approaches
English Methodology I UCSC-2008 Mg.Roxanna Correa

2 Grammar-Translation Method (early 19th century)
Nature of Language Systematic study of the prescribed grammar of classical Latin and classical texts. Language Learning Exercise mental abilities

3 Grammar-Translation Method (early 19th century)
LANGUAGE TEACHING Instruction given in mother tongue Little use (of language) for communication in target language

4 Grammar-Translation Method (early 19th century)
LANGUAGE TEACHING Teacher does not have to be able to speak target language Focus on appreciating literature of target language and translation

5 SOME PRINCIPLES Literary languare is superior to spoken language.
If sts are able to translatae from L2 to L1 they are considered successful lg learners. Ability to communicate in the foreign lg is not a goal for teaching. Reading are writing are the skills developed Class are teacher centered

6 SOME PRINCIPLES Native language equivalents are found for ALL target words. Learning is emphasized through similarities between L1and L2. Sts learn about the form (grammar )of the target lg Deductive pedagogical technique is applied for grammar rules. LL provides good mental exercise ( use of memory is promoted)

7 Direct Approach 1886.The IPA is established Phonetics becomes an issue in language teaching. First true scientific contributions to language learning begins. Reaction to the Grammar Translation Method

8 Direct Approach Nature of Language
Everyday spoken language. Culture, history, geography, everyday life of TL speakers. Language Learning Associate meaning with TL directly

9 Direct Approach Language Teaching No use of mother tongue allowed
Lesson begins with dialogues and conversations

10 Direct Approach Language Teaching Grammar rules learned inductively
Teacher must speak the target language

11 Reading Approach Reaction to the Direct Approach
Reading is viewed as the most appropriate skill to have in a foreign language since many people did not travel abroad (from U.S.)

12 Reading Approach Not enough teachers could speak target language well enough to use it for teaching Only grammar is useful for teaching reading . Emphasis on translation

WWII ( )breaks out and U.S. military requires people to speak and understand foreign languages The U.S. government hires linguists to help teach and develop materials

THEORETICAL BASE Linguistic and Psychology.Charles Fries (1945) led the way in applying principles from sturctural linguistics in developing this approach. In 1957 principles from behavioral psychology (Skinner) were incorporated.

NATURE OF LANGUAGE Sentence and sound patterns LANGUAGE LEARNING Overcoming native language habits; form new target language habits.

LANGUAGE TEACHING Conduct oral/aural drills and pattern practice.

17 SILENT WAY 1960 Chomsky argued the language acquisition could not take place through habit formation., but rather a rule formation This method shares certain principles with the Cognitive Approach

18 SILENT WAY Nature of Language
Unique since it is the expression of a particular group of people. Language Learning Develop inner criteria for corrections by becoming aware of how TL works.

19 SILENT WAY Language Teaching
Remain silent in order to subordinate teaching to learning. Focus student attention; provide meaningful practice.

20 Desuggestopedia/ Affective - Humanistic Approach
NATURE OF LANGUAGE Language is a process of communication and the factors which influence the linguistic message. Meaningful texts, vocabulary emphasized. LANGUAGE LEARNING Overcome psychological barriers to learning

21 Desuggestopedia LANGUAGE TEACHING
Desuggest limitations: teach lengthy dialogues through musical accompaniment, playful practice, and the arts.

22 Community Language Learning
Developed by Charles Curran (1976). Influenced by humanistic psychology Carl Rogers (1951) and Brown (1994). Nature of language: Student generated Language Learning: Learn nondefensevely as whole persons following development stages.

23 Community Language Learning
Language Teaching Include the elements of security, attention, aggression, reflection, retention, discrimination

24 NATURAL APPROACH listening recognized as a very important skill
An outgrowth of second language acquisition research, especially by Krashen (1981) and Terrell(1977) listening recognized as a very important skill listen and respond non-verbally learners progress by being exposed to meaningful input just one step beyond their level of competence

25 NATURAL APPROACH Nature of language
Vehicle for communicating meaning; vocabulary emphasized Language Learning: Listen; associate meaning with target language directly.

26 NATURAL APPROACH Language Teaching
Delay speaking until students are ready; make meaning clear through actions and visuals.

In the 60’s and 70’s research gave rise to the hypothesis that language Learning should start first with understanding and later proceed to production. (Winitz 1981)

NATURE OF LANGUAGE The oral modality is primary. Culture is the lifestyle of people who speak the language natively. Vocabulary and grammatical structures are emphasized

Language Learning TPR is usually introduced in the student’s native language. Meaning is made clear through body movements Main aim is to reduce the stress. Students speak when they are ready.

LANGUAGE TEACHING Initially the teacher is the director of all the students behaviour. In the second phase sts demonstrate they can understand the commands by performing them alone. After learning to respond to oral commands the sts learn to read and write

31 Communicative approach
Nature of Language Communicative competence. Notions/functions Authentic Discourse Language Learning Interact with others in the target language; negotiate meaning. Ability to communicate in second language/TL

32 Communicative approach
Language Teaching Use information gaps, role-plays, games Group and pair work is stressed Authentic material use is encouraged

33 Communicative approach
Focus in on meaning, not form Teachers should be able to use the target language fluently and appropriately

34 CONTENT-BASED, TASK BASED, Participatory Approaches
Nature of Language Medium for doing learning Language Learning Attend to what is being communicated, not the language itself, except when form-focused. Lear how to learn

35 CONTENT-BASED, TASK BASED, Participatory Approaches
Language Teaching Engage students in learning others subject matter, tasks, or in problem-solving around issues in their lives.

36 Leaning Strategy Training, Cooperative Learning and Multiple Intelligences.
Language learning Learn how to learn Language Teaching Teach learning strategies ; use a variety of activities that appeal to different intelligences.

Download ppt "Language Teaching Methods/ Approaches"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google