Presentation on theme: "Western Religions. Standard CCSD 5.2: Students will explain the origin, traditions, and spread of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam including their impact."— Presentation transcript:
Standard CCSD 5.2: Students will explain the origin, traditions, and spread of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam including their impact on society by utilizing one of the big 11 social studies skills.
Objective Students will create a Western World Religion flip book.
Judaism Monotheistic- One God (Yahweh) Oldest of the religions- followers are called Jews Messengers: Abraham, Moses, King David Date: 3000 BCE Holy Book: Torah First part of what Christians call the Old Testament Holy City: Jerusalem
Judaism Beliefs: Saturday is the Sabbath begins at sundown Friday Religious worship – Synagogue 12 Commandments (10) Kosher Law Celebrate (Chanukah) Hanukkah, Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement), Passover (Exodus)
Christianity Monotheistic- One God (Trinity/Jehovah ) Literal meaning “belonging to Christ” Messenger: Jesus of Nazareth Holy Book: Bible- (Old and New Testament) Holy City: Jerusalem, Vatican City
Christianity Beliefs: Vary 10 Commandments Golden Rule Religious Worship- Church Eucharist (consecrated meal of bread and wine) Celebrations: Easter and Christmas Splits: Catholicism, Orthodox & Protestant
Saint Peter’s Basilica and Saint Peter’s Square
Pope Francis I Originally from Argentina First Pope from outside of Europe The Pope is the leader of the Catholic Church Lives in the Vatican
Islam Monotheistic- One God (God = Allah) Literal meaning of Islam is peace Fastest growing religion- Followers are called Muslims Messenger: The Holy Prophet Muhammad Date: 622 C.E. Holy Book: Qur’an (or Koran,“the recitation”) Received from the angel Gabriel Holy City: Mecca
Five Pillars of Islam To bear witness that there is none worthy of worship save Allah (God) and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah (God) Daily Prayer (Salah) - Often at a Mosque To Pay Zakah (Alms giving =charity) Pilgrimage to the House of Allah (Hajj) Sawm, or fasting during Ramadhan