What are the effects of a concussion? Depends on the force of the blow Common symptoms are Headache Amnesia Confusion Symptoms can occur hours later
How do I know I need to see a doctor? Must go to emergency room if following symptoms occur Vomiting Headaches worsen Dizziness occurring often Slurred speech Stumbling or clumsiness And many more Go to the emergency room if your child shows any of these symptoms
Can having a concussion effect my child's entire life? Yes we are dealing with the brain. Three complications can occur according to the CDC (Center for Disease Control) Epilepsy Sustain multiple head injuries effect cognitive function and mobility Second Impact Syndrome
Second Impact Syndrome Athlete returns too soon Second blow to the head occurs Head not healed from first concussion Causes irreversible damage or DEATH
Video of Second Impact Syndrome https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage& v=Ai5AXF7XKw8 https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage& v=Ai5AXF7XKw8
Statistics 50% of second impact syndrome results in death 15.8% of high school football players who loss consciousness due to a concussion returned to the same game Concussion rates more than doubled among students age 8- 19 participating in sports like basketball, soccer and football between 1997-2007, even as participation in those sports declined.
Statistics A 2011 study of U.S. high schools with at least one athletic trainer on staff found that concussions accounted for nearly 15% of all sports related injuries reported to athletic trainers. Injuries associated with participation in sports and recreational activities account for 21% of all traumatic brain injuries among children in the United States
Areas to look at as a coach What to look for as a coach Unsure of game, score, or opponent Appear dazed or confused Loses consciousness Can’t recall events prior to hit or fall
Areas to look at as the player What players would say they feel. I have a headache or pressure in my head They have vomited Balance problems Don’t feel right
Best ways to prevent a concussion Educate the players and their parents about concussions Promote safety as the number on priority Can not return to contact sport without a doctors permission to do so Reiterate not ok to go back in the game when they sustain this injury
What do you do if you think your player sustained a concussion Remove the player immediately from the game Have the player evaluated by an appropriate healthcare professional Inform the parents about the player and type of injury Player can return after a healthcare professional specialized in concussions approves so Players safety comes first!!
Proper equipment for the athletes As coaches make sure all head gear are fitted correctly Make sure the equipment is appropriate for that position Up-to-date equipment Proper way to fit a helmetImproper helmet is too big
Technique, Technique, Technique It is imperative that you teach proper form in any contact sports The right way to tackle Hip check Slide and more https://www.youtube.com/tv?vq=medium#/watch?v=JRvBqwHJo 8Q&mode=transport https://www.youtube.com/tv?vq=medium#/watch?v=JRvBqwHJo 8Q&mode=transport
First hand interview about concussions http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yIqZDbk3M40 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yIqZDbk3M40 If you think you have a concussion tell your coach do not hide it and try to fight it Your life is in your hands
Important place for information The CDC has a great program called “Heads Up Concussions in Youth Sports” They have an abundant amount of information Have fact sheets that you can hand out to parents As a Pop Warner coach I am certified that I passed their concussion test program.
Remember… Every concussion should be treated seriously Life threatening Educate the children and adults Proper technique and equipment