# How Do I Study Geography?

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How Do I Study Geography?
GEOGRAPHY HANDBOOK How Do I Study Geography? Geography Handbook

Introduction to Latitude & Longitude

Using Maps and Globes Hemispheres The Equator - imaginary line that divides the earth into Northern and Southern Hemispheres. N-S hemispheres

Using Maps and Globes Equator pictures

Hemispheres Using Maps and Globes
The Prime Meridian along with the International Date Line divide the earth into Eastern and Western Hemispheres. E-W hemispheres

Using Maps and Globes Prime meridian pictures

Using Maps and Globes Hemispheres diagram

Directions to the local bank? Latitude Lines
Using Maps and Globes Directions to the local bank? Latitude Lines Parallels circle the earth and show latitude, the distance in degrees north or south of the equator. (0 degrees latitude). The North Pole is 90 degrees North latitude. The South Pole is 90 degrees South latitude. Latitude

Latitude represents north-south location, and it is shown on a map or globe by a series of east-west running lines that parallel the equator, which marks the midpoint between the two poles all around the earth's circumference -- these lines of latitude are called "parallels." Figure 2 -- parallels of latitude

Using Maps and Globes Latitude diagram

Other important latitude lines are:
Using Maps and Globes Latitude Other important latitude lines are: Tropic of Cancer (23 1/2 degrees N. lat.) Tropic of Capricorn (23 1/2 degrees S. lat.) Arctic Circle (66 1/2 degrees N. lat.) Antarctic Circle (66 1/2 degrees S. lat.). Special latitude lines

Using Maps and Globes Special lines diagram

Meridians run north to south from pole to pole.
Using Maps and Globes Longitude Meridians run north to south from pole to pole. They tell longitude, the distance in degrees east or west of the Prime Meridian (0 degrees longitude). Opposite the Prime Meridian is the International Date Line (180 degrees long.). Longitude

Figure 1 -- meridians of longitude
Longitude represents east-west location, and it is shown on a map or globe by a series of north-south running lines that all come together at the North Pole and at the South Pole and are the widest apart at the equator -- these lines of longitude are called "meridians." Figure 1 -- meridians of longitude Be aware of the potential for confusing yourself: a. Longitude = E/W location, but it is shown by a series of N/S running lines called meridians. b. Latitude = N/S location, but it is shown by a series of E/W running lines called parallels.

Using Maps and Globes Longitude diagrams

Using Maps and Globes Absolute Location Using the earth's grid system, latitude and longitude, gives you the absolute location of a place. Absolute location

Using Maps and Globes Global grid diagram

The shortest distance between two places on the earth.
Using Maps and Globes In mathematics, how do you determine the shortest distance between two places? Great Circle Route The shortest distance between two places on the earth. A great circle divides the earth into equal halves. Great circle route

Great circle

Traveling along a great circle is called a great circle route.
Using Maps and Globes Great Circle Route Traveling along a great circle is called a great circle route. Globes show them accurately. Maps can distort distances so the great circle route may appear longer than a straight line on a flat map. Never Trust A Map! Great circle route

Great circle diagram

Relative Location Continent – 7 –