Presentation on theme: "Complications of Pregnancy. Ectopic Pregnancy DEFINITION: Most ectopic pregnancies implant in one of the fallopian tubes Ectopic = “in the wrong place”"— Presentation transcript:
Ectopic Pregnancy DEFINITION: Most ectopic pregnancies implant in one of the fallopian tubes Ectopic = “in the wrong place” May cause internal bleeding Pregnancy cannot survive and cannot be moved to the uterus Fallopian tube may burst
Rh Factor DEFINITION: occurs if a woman has a Rh-negative blood and her baby has Rh-positive blood. –To be considered when the mother is Rh- and father is Rh+ –The mother’s blood will create antibodies against the Rh factor, thus treating an Rh positive baby like an intruder in her body. –These antibodies will then attack an Rh positive baby's blood, causing it to break down the red blood cells of the baby and anemia will develop. In severe cases this hemolytic disease can cause illness, brain damage and even death.
Toxemia/Pre-Eclampsia DEFINITION: characterized by pregnant mom’s sudden weight gain and high blood pressure. –May be from undernourishment during pregnancy –Affects 6-8% of pregnant women –1 in 1,500 –Generally occurs in last trimester –Can prevent placenta from getting enough blood, which causes baby to get less oxygen and food (low-birth weight)
Gestational Diabetes DEFINITION: pregnancy hormones block insulin from doing its job. –Not an immediate threat –If you have gestational diabetes, you're more likely to need a caesarean delivery –After pregnancy ends, body returns to normal but is more likely to develop gestational diabetes in future pregnancies –at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
Placenta Previa DEFINITION: Placenta low in the uterus, next to or covering the cervix –Occurs in 1 of 200 pregnancies –May cause bleeding which leads to complications (may deliver early) –Placenta blocks opening or –Detaches first—depriving baby of oxygen –Most likely to need a c- section
Low-Birth Weight DEFINITION: When fetus (baby) weighs less than 5.5 lbs.
Premature Delivery DEFINITION: takes place more than 3 weeks before baby is due Less than 5½ pounds Can be caused by birth defect Common in multiple births (twins, etc.) Require special care http://www.today.com/slideshow/today/baby-love-preemies-in-pictures-53944831
Stillbirth DEFINITION: birth of an infant that has died in the womb after having survived through at least the first 20 weeks of pregnancy –Fetus develops normally –Carried for full term (past 20 weeks) –Most still births or ones that are full term, but born dead –Sometimes reason can be diagnosed –Sometimes problem is never diagnosed
Miscarriage (Spontaneous Abortion) DEFINITION: any pregnancy loss that takes place before the 20 th week (5 th month) in pregnancy –1 in 4 conceptions fail (Miscarriage is common) –Usually occurs before month 6 –Most frequently occurs in first 3 months –3 out of 4 miscarriages are due to an imperfect embryo
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) Can harm you and your developing baby depending on type of infection 1.Herpes: is safe until woman ready to deliver – active lesions on the genitals are highly contagious and can infect the infant as he/she is born 2.Gonorrhea: very common – untreated gonorrhea has increased risk of miscarriage or preterm delivery. –Baby can develop blindness, joint infection, life threatening blood infection 3.HPV (Genital Warts): very common – treatment may be delayed until after birth, but if they grow large enough they may block the birth canal
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) Can harm you and your developing baby depending on type of infection 1.Chlamydia: may cause increased risk of miscarriage and preterm delivery –Baby can get severe eye infection and pneumonia 2.Syphilis: easily passed onto your unborn child. Can cause fatal infection to baby. –Problems in organs: brain, eyes, ears, heart, skin, teeth, and bones
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) Can harm you and your developing baby depending on type of infection 1.Hepatitis B: can pass to baby through placenta or to newborn 2.HIV/AIDS: transmission of HIV to an infant is almost completely preventable through powerful medications
Anemia Your iron requirements go up significantly when you're pregnant. Iron is essential for making hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen to other cells. During pregnancy, the amount of blood in your body increases until you have almost 50 percent more than usual. Symptoms include: feeling tired, weak, and dizzy. (Of course, these are symptoms that many women experience during pregnancy, anemic or not.) Rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath, headache, irritability, and trouble concentrating.
Effects of Smoking Nicotine and Carbon Monoxide cross the placenta Fetal heartbeat raises More miscarriages Low birthweight More health problems More infant deaths
Breech Delivery A breech delivery is when a baby is born feet or bottom first. A feet first delivery is especially worrisome due to broken bones or displaced joints. Breech delivery is a concern because the cord and head must come at the same time pinching off the oxygen supply as the baby descends through the birth canal. Most breech babies use cesarean delivery.
Cesarean Delivery Used When: The labor is long and difficult and the life or the baby or mother is threatened. The fetal monitor shows a drop in heart rate. Placenta Previa The woman’s bone structure is too small to allow vaginal delivery.