2 How and why the Schengen evaluation was established? The founding treaties of the European community did not provide for a cooperation in justice and home affairsAlthough the free and unrestricted movement of persons between Member States is considered one of the prerequisites for the functioning of the internal market, there was no legal base for itThe objective to create an internal market without frontiers and border controls logically imposed the need that Member States formalize their cooperation also in the field of justice and home affairs.This approach was also recognized as the only way to combat phenomena increasingly endangering internal security (i.e. terrorism, illegal migration and organized crime).
3 How and why the Schengen evaluation was established? The Schengen Agreement and the Convention implementing the Schengen Agreement (CISA) addressed the question of cooperation in justice and home affairs similarlyThey also provided for the establishment of the Executive Committee, which, besides ensuring the correct application, was also charged with the task of taking all further decisinos for its implementationThey also initiated the evaluation-process (SCH/Com-ex (98)26def.)
4 What is Schengen evaluation and the mandate. DECISION OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEEof 16 September 1998setting up a Standing Committee on the evaluation and implementation of Schengen(SCH/ Com-ex (98)26 def.)I mandate:to prepare the reports to serve as a basis for establishing that all the preconditions for bringing the Schengen Convention into force in a candidate State have been satisfied. In these cases it shall be called the "Evaluation Committee", and shall be in charge of evaluating how well these States are prepared;II mandate:to lay the foundations so that the Executive Committee can ensure the proper application of the Convention in the States already implementing the Convention with a view to optimising its application and cooperation between the Schengen partners. First, it has to find solutions to problems encountered since the bringing into force of the Convention and make proposals on improving controls in accordance with the objectives set and the spirit of the Convention. Here, it shall be called the "Implementation Committee".
5 Areas of Schengen Evaluation: 1. Borders: a). Land border b). Air borders c). Sea borders 2. Police Cooperation 3. Visa 4. SIS/SIRENE 5. Data Protection
6 Schengen Evaluations – main actors The Working Party on Schengen Matters (Schengen evaluation)The evaluation-team composed of:Lead-expertMS expertsEuropean CommissionGeneral Secretariat of the CouncilHost countryThe PresidencyThe General Secretariat of the CouncilThe host country
7 The main elements of the evaluation process PlanningPreparationCarrying out evaluation visitsReportingPreparation and adoption of conclusionsFollow-up
8 Some important issuesIt is a mechanism that builds trust between the Member StatesThe basic motto is: „Strict, fair and friendly“,It is a regular process: all Schengen states applying for accession to Schengen and also all countries already applying Schengen in full must be evaluatedCatalogue of Best practices and recommendations in all fields of evaluationIt is a process under permanent development
9 Future of evaluation?Currently, a New Schengen Mechanism is being discussed on the EU level„Draft proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the establishment of an evaluation mechanism to verify application of the Schengen acquis”What are the main changes discussed?
10 History of Schengen enlargement: 14 June 1985:BE, DE, FR, LU and NL sign the Schengen Agreement.19 June 1990:the original founders of the Schengen cooperation sign the Convention implementing the Schengen Agreement (Schengen Convention).26 March 1995:abolition of border control between BE, DE, FR, LU, NL, ES, PT26 October 1997:start of gradual abolition of border control with IT (completed on 31 March 1998).01 December 1997:start of gradual abolition of border control with AT (completed on 31 March 1998).01 March 2000:abolition of border control with EL (completed on 26 March 2000).25 March 2001:abolition of border control with NO, IS, SE, DK, FI21 December 2007:abolition of control of land and sea borders with CZ, EE, HU, LV, LT, MT, PL, SK and SL (border checks on intra-Schengen flights at airports abolished on 30 March 2008).12 December 2008:abolition of border control at land borders with CH (border checks on intra-Schengen flights at airports being abolished on 29 March 2009)19 December 2011: abolition of border control at land borders with LI2013 or when? Romania and Bulgaria
11 Thank you for your attention 2nd Lt Marcin Dróżdż Counsellor International Co-operation Bureau Border Guard HQ Republic of Poland phone: