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Punto di partenza In Italian, as in English, a verb is a word denoting an action or a state of being. The subject of a verb is the person or thing that carries out the action. SUBJECT VERB La professoressa The teacher parla italiano. speaks Italian. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Subject pronouns replace a noun that is the subject of a verb.Lei She parla italiano. speaks Italian. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 2
As in English, Italian subject pronouns are divided into three groups of singular and plural forms: first person, second person, and third person. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Unlike I in English, io is not capitalized unless it begins a sentenceUnlike I in English, io is not capitalized unless it begins a sentence. Also note that in Italian, it and they are seldom expressed when referring to animals or objects. Studio l’italiano anch’io. I study Italian, too. È un cane. It is a dog. Sono libri d’italiano. They are Italian books. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
The English you has multiple equivalents in ItalianThe English you has multiple equivalents in Italian. When addressing one person, choose either tu or Lei, depending on the degree of formality necessary. Paolo, tu parli bene. Paolo, you speak well. Signor Bruno, Lei parla molto bene. Mr. Bruno, you speak very well. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Write Lei (you, form.) with a capital L to distinguish it from lei (she). In formal situations, use Lei whether you are speaking to a man or a woman. Che cosa studia lei? What does she study? Professor Balli, Lei cosa insegna? Professor Balli, what do you teach? © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Use voi to address a group of people in both formal and informal settings. The formal second-person plural form Loro is seldom used, and is presented here for recognition only. Voi siete bravi studenti. You are good students. Signore, voi parlate inglese? Ladies, do you speak English? © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
The verb essere Essere (To be) is an irregular verb because its conjugation (the set of forms for the different subjects) does not follow a pattern. The basic form essere is an infinitive, meaning it does not correspond to any particular subject. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Unlike English, Italian does not require subject pronouns and, in fact, they are usually omitted. In the case of è and sono, use the context of the sentence to identify the subject. Sono studente. I am a student. Sono brave studentesse? Are they good students? © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Rising intonation at the end of a sentence transforms a statement into a yes-or-no question. To reply in the negative, place non (not) directly before the verb. Use no only as a negative response, equivalent to no in English. È un dizionario? Is it a dictionary? No, non è un dizionario. No, it’s not a dictionary. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Note the differences in meaning in these statements.È un esame. It is an exam. C’è un esame. There is an exam. Ecco un esame! Here is an exam! © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
1. (Tu / Voi) siete americani. 2. (Lui / Loro) è in biblioteca. Choose the correct subject pronoun in each sentence. 1. (Tu / Voi) siete americani. 2. (Lui / Loro) è in biblioteca. 3. (Io / Noi) sono generoso. 4. (Io / Tu) sei in Italia. 5. (Io / Voi) sono alla mensa alle due. 6. (Noi / Tu) sei un attore. 7. (Loro / Lei) sono a casa. 8. (Voi / Tu) siete dottori. 9. (Lui / Noi) siamo timide. 10. (Tu / Lei) è una ragazza simpatica. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Subject pronouns ANTE TODO
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.2-1 Punto di partenza Although the passato prossimo and the imperfetto are both past tenses, they have distinct.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8A.1-1 Punto di partenza Comparatives of equality (comparativi di uguaglianza) are used to indicate that two people,
I Verbi Italiani – Italian verbs
Lezione Uno Conversazione basica. Hello and goodbye: Ciao-hi Salve-hello (formal) Buon giorno- good morning Buon pomeriggio-good afternoon Buona sera-good.
Surprise : ) 5 Cultura 4 I verbi 3 Vocabolario 2 Parliamo
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.1-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dovere (to have to/must; to owe), potere (to be able to/can), and volere (to.
5.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Sinceramente a me fa un po schifo. Adverbs.
As in English, numbers in Italian follow patterns.
Punto di partenza Adjectives are words that describe people, places, and things. In Italian, adjectives are often used with the verb essere to point out.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.11A.2-1 Punto di partenza With the exception of the imperative and the conditional, the Italian verb forms you.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7B.2-1 Punto di partenza In Strutture 7B.1 you learned the informal imperative. Use the formal imperative to give.
Punto di partenza A reflexive verb “reflects” the action of the verb back to the subject. The infinitive form of reflexives ends with the reflexive pronoun.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1B.3-1 Punto di partenza Use the verb essere with numbers to tell time.
Punto di partenza In Lezione 5A, you learned that a direct object answers the question what? or whom? An indirect object identifies to whom or for whom.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6A.3-1 Punto di partenza Use the adverb ci to mean there or to replace certain prepositional phrases. Use the pronoun.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3A.3-1 Punto di partenza You are already familiar with Italian verbs that end in -are and -ere. The third class.
Punto di partenza In Lezione 1A you learned the numbers 0–100. The chart below shows numbers above one hundred. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Punto di partenza In Lezione 2A, you learned how to form the present tense of -are verbs by attaching different endings to the stem. Conjugate regular.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.2-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dire (to say; to tell), uscire (to go out; to leave), and venire (to come) are.
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