2 What is a Definite Article? ~A Definite Article is the “the” before a noun.~ Every noun has a specific definite article.~Definite articles are decided by the gender and number of the noun.~Every noun has a gender, masculine and feminine. The best way to decide the gender of a noun is by the last letter or the definite article.o & i = masculinea & e = feminine.
3 List of Definite Articles Singular PluralMasculineil - ilo - glil’ - gliFemininela - lel’ - le
4 When do you use each? Masculine Definite Articles (in the singular) il – used with masculine nouns beginning with a consonant.ex – il ragazzo, il professorelo – used with nouns beginning with z, s plus a consonant, ps, or gn.ex – lo studente, lo zero, lo psicologol’ – is used with nouns, masculine or feminine, beginning with a vowel.ex – l’amico, l’orologio, l’amica, l’università
5 Making Masculine Articles Plural When the noun becomes plural, the article must change as well.il becomes iex. i ragazzi, I professorilo becomes gliex. gli studenti, gli zeril’ (in the masculine) becomes gliex. gli amici, gli orologi
6 When do you use each? Feminine Definite Articles (in the singular) la – used with the singular feminine nounsex. La ragazzala scuolala casal’ – used for both masculine and feminine for any noun starting with a vowel.ex – l’amica, l’isola
7 Making Feminine Articles Plural When making feminine articles plural, it is very simple.Both la and l’ become le when they are pluralized.la becomes leex. Le ragazze, le scuolel’ becomes leex. Le amiche, le isole
8 Adesso, è toca voi! Write in the definite article of each word. ____ orologio _____ bandiera____ studenti _____ professoressa____ cestino _____ bacheca____ professore _____ amica____ ragazzo _____ quaderni____ banco _____ Signorina____ libro _____ pianta
9 Gender of Nouns What is a noun? ~ a person, place or thing In Italiano, nouns are either Masculine or FeminineMasculine~in the singular ends in “o” and becomes an “i” when it is pluralized.Feminine~in the singular, usually ends in “a” and becomes an “e” when pluralized.*When a noun ends in an “e” in the singular it can be either masculine or feminine, and you need to memorize which ones are which.
10 Esempi dei nomi Examples of Nouns: il ragazzo = the boy ~ i ragazzi = _________la ragazza = the girl ~ le ragazze = _______il libro = the book ~ i libri = ____________la lavagna = the blackboard~ le lavagne = _______